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Transcript of Greek Gods
The 12 gods of Olympus were the major gods that many Greeks worshiped and used to explain the unexplained. They ruled after the overthrow of the Titans.
Gods of Olympus
There were giants, titans, monsters, cyclops, and other gods.
Other Mythological Figures
The Romans adopted the Greek gods after the fall of the Greek empire. The gods were mainly the same, but they had different names and personality.the Roman Gods were often more restless and violent than the Greek Gods. They also had some gods that were only Roman.
Greek vs. Roman
By Eleanor McGuire
The Big Three
The big three were the three most important and powerful of all the gods.
Zeus is the god of the sky and ruler of the gods.
His father is Cronus and his siblings are Poseidon, Hades, Hestia, Hera, and Demeter.
He is married to Hera, the goddess of marriage.
Even though he is best known as the god of the sky he is also the god of the weather, storms and justice.
In Greek legends Zeus would send thunderstorms against his enemies.
His symbol is the lightning bolt.
Poseidon is the god of the sea, horses, and earthquakes.
His weapon was a trident, which he struck against the ground to create earthquakes.
He was married to Amphitrite, but at one point he desired Demeter, and he created the horse to impress her.
He was said to live in a palace under the sea that was made of coral.
Many sailors would drown their horses to honor him before they set sail on long journeys.
Hades is the god of death, wealth, and king of the underworld.
He was married to Persephone, who he abducted from her mother, Demeter.
Hades had a magic helmet which can make him invisible.
Other Olympian Gods
Hestia is the virgin goddess of hearth and home.
She played very little role in Greek myths but she was known for helping prepare meals and many shrines were put up in her honor.
She is the mildest and charitable of all the Olympian gods.
Hestia often received portions of sacrifices made to other gods.
Hera is the goddess of marriage and birth, and the wife of Zeus.
Her sacred animals were the cow and the peacock and her favorite city was Argos.
Ares is the god of war and the son of Zeus and Hera.
Ares had his heart set on Aphrodite, but she was already married to Hephaestus.
He was considered bloody, merciless, fearful, and cowardly.
He was known to be riding on a chariot or running into battle.
Athena is the goddess of wisdom and skill.
She was Zeus's favorite daughter, and popped out of his head, in full armor and fully grown.
Athens was named after Athena.
She is symbolized by an owl.
Apollo is the god of music, archery, medicine, and many forms of art.
Every four years in Delphi, the Pythian Games were held in his honor.
Apollo's twin sister is Artemis and they were born on the floating island of Delos, to the goddess Leto.
Aphrodite was the goddess of love, beauty, and pleasure.
She was said to have rose from the sea standing on a giant scallop.
She is married to Hephaestus.
Hermes is the god of messengers, thieves, and trade.
Hermes invented the lyre which he later gave to Apollo.
Hermes is still used as a symbol of the greek postal service.
Involve the Class!!
We will be playing charades with the 12 Gods of Olympus. I will pass out a slip of paper the has the name of a god on it. In your groups you will have a few minutes to create a short skit depicting the god. The other groups will try to guess what god is being shown. If the group guesses correctly, they will get a point. The group with the most points at the end wins. You may not use props in your skit.
Artemis is the goddess of wilderness, hunting, childbirth, and fertility.
Her twin brother is Apollo.
She tricked the Aloadai giants, who attempted to raid Mount Olympus, into killing each other.
In most of Greece she was only worshiped as a minor deity, but in Asia Minor, she was a major goddess.
Hephaestus is the god of fire and forge.
He was the only ugly god and Hera cast him aside at birth, because of his ugliness.
The titans were the 12 elder gods before the Olympians came to power. They are the children of Gaea and Uranus (Ouranos). Some major titans include:
Cronus- The youngest of the titans. He and his wife Rhea took over the throne after they overthrew Uranus.
Rhea- The mother of the gods. She rescued Zeus from being eaten by Cronus.
Hyperion- The wife of Theia. Had 3 children, who were Helios, Eos, and Selene. His name means "he who goes before the sun".
Oceanus- He was the titan of the ocean and the eldest of the titans.
There were many other creatures in Greek Mythology. Some of them include:
Giants- Giants were large human like monsters that often battled the gods.
Cyclops- Cyclops were giant one-eyed human-like monsters who worked in Hephaestus's forges.
Nymphs- Female spirits of the natural world. They often lived in lakes and rivers.
Potamus- A river god. They were depicted as being part man and part bull.
Gods of Olympus
These are some minor gods that do not have a spot on Mt. Olympus.
Helios-The titan god of the sun. He resided in the east and rode his fiery chariot around.
Nyx-Goddess of night. She rides her black chariot around the Tartarus
Tartarus-The great pit of death. where monsters and souls go when they die.
Hypnos-The god of sleep. During the night he rode around with his mother, Nyx.