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The Renaissance

World History Chapter 17
by

Miss Baker

on 5 December 2013

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Transcript of The Renaissance

Johann Gutenberg
Revival of the Classics
• on top of the old Roman civilaization

• Medieval destruction

• renewed interest in their hertiage

Contact with the East
• Crusades

• trade routes

City-States
Rebirth
• demise of feudal system

• migration to the cities

• creative people interacted and
fed off each other
The Renaissance & Reformation
Chapter 17
Economy
Cultural Diffusion
Spreads North
Italy
Women
Questioning the Church
Secularism
Humanism
Individualism
Skepticism
Focus on Learning
Art
Literature
The Elizabethan Age
Art
Literature
indifference to or rejection of religion
live in and study this world, here & now
vs
living life in preparation for the afterlife
a philosophy that stresses people's
dignity
,
worth
, and
capacity

for self-realization through
reason
the human potential
people are capable of their own great accomplishments
vs
people are helpless pawns in the divine plan
belief that the individual alone can accomplish great things on his/her own
a step beyond humanism
an attitude of doubt either in general or toward a particular object
the need to challenge the accepted authorities' views
new political and economic opportunities created interest in worldly things
ex: efforts to beautify cities
inspired by the secular traditions of Greek and Roman civilizations
capitalism emerges: system based on individual choices and encourages private enterprise
freedom of expression enables individuals like Leonardo Da Vinci to live up to his potential
curiosity
people sought alternative, reasonable explanations of the universe
vs
accepting the Church's purely religious explanations
• the birth of banking

• capitalism

• patrons of the arts
•the Medici

"everything that surrounds us is
our own work, the work of man:
all dwellings, all castles, all cities, all the edifices throughout the whole world, which are so numerous and of such quality that they resemble the works of angels rather than men. Ours are the paintings, the sculptures; ours are the trades sciences and philosophical systems."
Gianozza Manetti, 1452
vs
the communal, group oriented, manor system.
Renaissance Men
Renaissance Women
know the classics
be charming
have grace
speak several
languages
create art
be witty
dance
sing
play music
write poetry
skilled rider
wrestler
swordsman
seek fame (popularity)
inspire art
loyal wife
bear children (male)
stay out of public life
humble/modest
Middle Ages
rough mannered
Church
religious content
illiterate nobles
"universal man"
What role did patrons play in the Renaissance?
Middle Ages
Renaissance
appears flat
appears 3-D
perspective
vanishing point
egg tempera
oil
frescoes
canvass
religious content
broad content
realistic
disproportionate
Ninja Artists
Giovanni Bellini
Masaccio
Leonardo da Vinci
Giotto
Raphael Sanzio
Michelangelo
Boticelli
El Greco
Ghiberti

Brunelleschi

Donatello

Benvenuto Cellini

Verrocchio
As You Explore,
Consider these ideas...
humanism
realism
secularism
perspective
intensity (color)
Choose an artist.
Find an image of one of his paintings.
observe
reflect
question
Write one thing you learned today.
Further Investigation:
link your observations to 2-3 ideas
use complete sentences
German Painters
Flemish Painters
Bell Ringer: True of False??
During the Renaissance, patrons of the arts were people who frequented many art festivals.

The technique of perspective was used by Renaissance painters to show three dimensions on a flat surface.

The Renaissance, a movement started in Germany and lasted 300 years, brought about a growth of creativity in art, writing, and thought.

The general emphasis of the Renaissance movement was religious.

The Prince, by Machiavelli, stated that people are selfish and corrupt, and that a prince should be feared more than loved.

Some Renaissance writers wrote in the vernacular, or in the author's native language.

An intellectual movement called humanism focused on scientific informations about the human body.

"Renaissance men" were men who mastered many fields of endeavor.
FALSE
FALSE
FALSE
FALSE
TRUE
TRUE
TRUE
TRUE
Albrecht Dürer
Hans Holbein
by the late 1400s, the Northern Renaissance begins!!
Urban Revival = $$$
to patronize arts
rising national monarchies in France, England, Spain, and Portugal
Increased Trade
French invade Italy & people flee to Northern Europe
= increased contact with Renaissance ideas
Feudal nobility and medieval Church decline
= less resistance to new ideas
Jan van Eyck
Pieter Bruegel
Christian Humanists = use humanism to reform the Church
= inspire people to live more Christian lives
= promoted education and founded schools for boys and girls
Desiderius Erasmus
wrote "The Praise of Folly," a satire (1509)
believed in a Christianity of the heart
everyone reads the Bible = society improves
Thomas More
wrote "Utopia," in Latin (1516)
an ideal society, Greek for "no place"
How do these ideas differ from Machiavelli's assumptions on human nature??
mid 1500s, English Renaissance
Queen Elizabeth I was well educated and supported the arts
William Shakespeare
wrote plays in English
performed at the Globe Theatre, London
drew from the classics for inspiration and plot
his works are still widely
produced
combined technologies to speed up the printing process
Christine de Pizan
French
widowed at 25
published poems and songs to support her family, written in vernacular
commissioned to write the biography of King Charles V
The Book of the City of Ladies
heroines of the past
"If it were customary to send little girls to school and teach them the same subjects as are taught to boys, they would learn just as fully and would understand the subtleties of all arts and sciences."
1364-1430
Laura Cereta
1469-1499
Italian Humanist
educated at a convent
published one book of letters
thoughts and opinions on the life of women, rights to education, and slavery in marriage
wrote in Latin
heavily criticized
"All history is full of such examples. My point is that your mouth has grown foul because you keep it sealed so that no arguments can come out of it that might enable you to admit that nature imparts one freedom to all human beings equally-to learn."
Moderata Fonte
1555-1592
Venetian, wrote in vernacular
raised and educated by her grandfather
married an attorney who gave her complete control over her dowry
finished writing "The Worth of Women" just before dying
dialog between 7 women of various ages and experiences
focus on men's hostility toward women and possible cures for it
"Look what a good deal marriage is for women! They lose their property, lose themselves, and get nothing in return except children to trouble them and the rule of a man who orders them about at his will."
Who was Lady Anne Clifford? Where is she from? married? children?
What did she write about?
What do her writings reveal about the role of women during the Renaissance?
What was a woman's role during the Renaissance?
BELL RINGER!!!
Renaissance Men
Renaissance Women
know the classics
be charming
have grace
speak several
languages
create art
be witty
dance
sing
play music
write poetry
skilled rider
wrestler
swordsman
seek fame (popularity)
inspire art
loyal wife
bear children (male)
stay out of public life
humble/modest
EXIT SLIP:
Choose 2 vocabulary terms.
Write one sentence for each term.
DO NOT USE THE DEFINITIONS FROM TODAY'S ACTIVITY!!!
German goldsmith
metal moveable type
Gutenberg Bible 1455
Publications on religion and astronomy caused controversy
enabled people to learn on their own instead of with a Master
1 book = 1+ yr.
various types of publications
BELL RINGER!!!
Who was Albrecht Dürer?

How did he change art for people during the Renaissance?
Reformation Spreads
Martin Luther
The Protestant Reformation
Catholic Reformation
Machiavelli discussion
vernacular
BELL RINGER!!!!
Download "socrative student" app on your device
A.) The Bible is the only authority
B.) Priesthood for all believers
C.) Salvation by faith alone
Bell Ringer!!!!
Name 3 references to the Reformation.
#1 Catherine of Aragon
at 16 (1501), married to Henry's brother Arthur, who dies in 1502
daughter of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain
marries Henry in 1509
1516 Mary is born, the only surviving child out of 6 pregnancies
1533 divorced
#2 Anne Boleyn
1526 Henry and Anne fall in love
1533 Anne is pregnant with Elizabeth, so they marry
Henry tires of Anne and accuses her of adultery
1536 Anne is beheaded by a French swordsman
#3 Jane Seymour
marry 11 days after Anne's death
1538 Edward is born
two weeks later, Jane dies, leaving Henry heartbroken
#4 Anne of Cleves
Henry chose to marry a German princess for political alliances (Protestant nation)
1540 they marry, despite Henry's horror when he meets her in person
they divorced 6 months later
#5 Kathryn Howard
19 year old cousin to Anne Boleyn,
Henry-age 49
1540 they are married
Henry is overweight and has a wound that won't heal, he cannot walk far
young and flirtatious Kathryn is bored by Henry
she is accused of adultery and beheaded by ax in 1542
#6 Katherine Parr
married in 1543
loving stepmother
cared for Henry until his death in 1547
Edward VI "The Boy King"
reigned from 1547-1553
died from consumption at age 16
on his deathbed, named Lady Jane Grey his successor, the "Nine Days' Queen"
"Bloody Mary" I
arrested and executed Lady Jane Grey
reigned from 1553-1558
1st Queen Regnant of England
restored the Catholic Church in England
banned the English Bible in 1555
280 Protestants burnt at the stake
married Prince Phillip of Spain (Hapsburg)
died in 1558 from influenza
Elizabeth I
"The Virgin Queen" reigned from 1558-1603
ruled during England's Golden Age
restored the Anglican Church
"Be ye ensured that I will be as good unto you
as ever a Queen was unto her people."
The Tudor Family Tree
BELL RINGER!!!!!
1.) What angered Luther causing him to write his 95 Theses?

2.) List the 3 main ideas of Martin Luther's 95 Theses
EXIT SLIP!!!!
Henry VIII
Divorced, beheaded, and died.
Divorced, beheaded, survived.
Who do you think had a better reason to break with the Church, Martin Luther, or King Henry VIII? Explain your answer.
John Calvin
predestination
the "elect"
France
Huguenots
Scotland
John Knox
theocracy
Presbyterian
Switzerland
Anabaptist
BELL RINGER!!!!
1.) Define Protestant.

2.) What is the Protestant church in England called?

3.) What is the main Protestant church in Germany called?
Calvinist
Counter Reformation
to help Catholics remain loyal
Ignatius of Loyola
Council of Trent
The Society of Jesus
= Jesuits
1.) founded schools
2.) converted non-Christians to Catholicism
3.) tried to stop the spread of Protestantism
Amish
Church's interpretation of the Bible is final
salvation through faith and good works
Bible and Church tradition hold authority
selling of indulgences is banned
Inquisition
heretic
WORD BANK
indulgences
Council of Trent
Martin Luther
Anabaptist
Presbyterian
Calvinism
95 Theses
Ignatius of Loyola
Henry VIII
John Calvin
predestination
Lutheran
Jesuits
Elizabeth I
Anglican
Counter Reformation
Full transcript