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The Evolution of African American Music from the 19th Century to Present.

Music prevelant in African American community from 19th Century to Present

Cierra Williams

on 10 January 2011

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Transcript of The Evolution of African American Music from the 19th Century to Present.

The Evolution of African American Music (19th Century to Present) African slaves sang spirituals and other Christian songs to communicate escape routes or to help them subvert the slavemasters (work songs)

songs were about work or about other things "Amazing Grace" During the Middle Passage voyages, slaves used their voices to express their pain or sadness.
The Captain of a slave ship, testified to hearing moans and groans that haunted him.
He recorded those moans and they created the renowned "Amazing Grace" fun fact SPIRITUALS although most held Christian meanings, most were expressions of the slave experience

many of the songs held the same melodies as songs from the motherland (Africa)

these songs were used in "Praise houses" (small church-like settings)

although drums were not permitted, they used their hands and feet to keep beat

they translated drum call and response to vocal call and response After the Civil war and emancipation, African Americans struggled to find work
songs that were about these struggles were called the blues
these songs emerged from work songs and spirituals sang on plantations
blues used styles of call and response in a new way
the first and second verse were the same but the third verse is different (A,A,b)
both the musicians and the singers were able to improvise freely because of the unconventional melodies of the songs
singers who emerged included Ma Rainey after the end of slavery and the introduction of blues, churches switched to a more modernized version of song
it brought together "shout" songs from Praise Houses and blues
the rhythms were upbeat and optimistic
Mahalia Jackson: "Mother of Gospel"
Thomas Dorsey: "Father of Gospel"
Jazz Jazz was born from BLUES
New Orleans is the birthplace of Jazz
the basis of Jazz is syncopation (which is the stress of beats that are off of the rhythm)
Jazz is a combination of African music and European music GoSPeL Country grew out of blues and folk music
involved both whites and blacks in the south and told stories of the working class
the instruments used included the hermonica, fiddle, and the banjo
the banjo was an instrument that grew out of the banjar, an african drum (w/ strings across the drum)
Charlie Pride was a famous black country music star blues and country music combined to create rhythm and blues (RnB) which was an early form of Rock n' Roll
this style appealed to many young people who liked to dance to upbeat music by Chuck Berry and Little Richard
many older people did not think rock n' roll would last but people like Elvis Presley helped spread the influence to a wider audience
in the 1960s, Rock n' Roll became a Youth Movement and began to influence many groups around the globe
one of the most famous South Carolinian rock bands that you may know of is Hootie and the Blowfish Pop & Soul the smooth sounds of rhythm and blues, led to a new sound
in 1960, Berry Gordy Jr. began a record label "Motown" that featured soul music
it became popular with musicians like The Supremes, The Temptations, Marvin Gaye, Smokey Robinson and the Miracles, and the Jackson Five.
Soul, however was just one form of pop music
pop was whatever music that was popular at the time
for example, James Brown, a famous pop singer, who sang soul, also sang funk, rock n roll, and blues
Mr. Foreman's band "Sound Experience" was of these genres (funk, RnB, Jazz, Soul) Jamacaian style of music that originated from African music, RnB, and rock n' roll
spoke of politics, social issues, or the Rastafarian religion
SKA: a more upbeat style of reggae influenced by upbeat music of New Orleans
Bob Marley for example, helped to spread the popularity of reggae HIp hop and rap made use of call and response, drumming, improvisation, and storytelling
in 1970, young people began to record beats
these can be traced back to west Africa where storytellers told the people news, history, and folklore to the rhythm of a drum
this style of music evolved to form the hip hop and rap that we listen to today (Rick Ross, Drake, Lil Wayne, T.I. etc.) Bibliography http://www.knowitall.org/gullahmusic/journey/index.html
fleamarketfunk.com Work Songs
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