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Defense Mechanisms - Human Relations
Transcript of Defense Mechanisms - Human Relations
Unconscious psychological strategies
brought into play by various entities to cope with reality and
to maintain self-image. Things to Know: Developed in Freud's Psychoanalytical Theory
Also called "Coping Mechanisms"
Involuntary (Unconscious) decisions and actions
Very Prominent in high stress environments
The 13 Common
Defense Mechanisms 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Compartmentalization: is a process of separating parts of the self from awareness of other parts and behaving as if one had separate sets of values. Compensation: is a process of psychologically counterbalancing perceived weaknesses by emphasizing strength in other arenas. Denial: is the refusal to accept reality
and to act as if a painful event,
thought or feeling did not exist Displacement: is the redirecting of thoughts feelings and impulses from an object that gives rise to anxiety to a safer, more acceptable one. Fantasy: when used as a defense mechanism, is the channeling of unacceptable or unattainable desires into imagination. Intellectualization: is the use of a cognitive approach without the attendant emotions to suppress and attempt to gain mastery over the perceived disorderly and potentially overwhelming impulses. Projection: is the attribution of one's undesired impulses onto another. Rationalization: is the cognitive reframing of ones perceptions
to protect the ego in the face of changing realities. Reaction Formation: is the converting of wishes or impulses that are perceived to be dangerous into their opposites. Regression: is the reversion to an earlier stage of development in the face of unacceptable impulses. Repression: is the blocking of unacceptable impulses from consciousness. Sublimation: is the channeling of unacceptable impulses into more acceptable outlets. Undoing: is the attempt to take back behavior or thoughts that are unacceptable. The Workplace - Anxiety:
- to fit in.
- to do a good job.
- to be liked by all.
- brought by anxieties.
- brought by employers and managers.
- added by outside influence. The Workplace + Defense Mechanisms Understanding defense mechanisms can lead to:
- less stress
- better relationships
- good communication
- workplace acceptance