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Transcript of cuthbert grant
What Does He Look Like?
Cuthbert Grant, a Metis, was born in 1793 at Fort Tremblant, a Northwest Company trading post located in what is now called Togo, Saskatchewan. He later died on July 15th 1854 from injuries sustained after falling from his horse. When he was 8 he was sent to Scotland for school. He later returned & entered the service of the North West Company at the age of 19. His fathers name also happened to be Cuthbert Grant. He was recognized as a leader of the Métis people, and became involved in the bitter struggle between the Nor'westers and the Hudson's Bay Company. This led to the bloody encounter known as the Battle of Seven Oaks.
Battle of Seven Oaks
Significance In History
His qualities of leadership, added to his racial background, quickly made him one of the leaders of the Métis. The North West Company, then engaged in the struggle with the Hudson’s Bay Company, made him Captain-General of the half-breeds early in 1816. He was the leader of the Bois-Brulés at the massacre of Seven Oaks on 19 June 1816. In 1817 he surrendered himself and went to Montreal to face murder charges. In 1818 he returned to the West, subsequently being cleared of all indictments in the courts of both Upper and Lower Canada. Because of his help the 2 rival companies; Nor'westers & HBC soon merged in 1821 under the name the Hudson's Bay Company, the new governor, Sir George Simpson, requested Grant to head a Métis settlement of some 2,000 people situated 6 miles west of the Red River Colony on the Assiniboine River. The settlement was to be known as Grantown for many years, but in more recent times was renamed St. Francois Xavier after the patron saint of the town. Cuthbert was know as not only a Metis leader but as a fur trader, Métis leader, farmer, office holder, justice of the peace, and politician
In 1814, Miles MacDonell, Governor of the Red River Colony (the area around present-day Winnipeg, Manitoba), issued the Pemmican Proclamation which prohibited the export of pemmican from the colony for the next year. It was meant to guarantee adequate supplies for the Hudson's Bay Colony, but it was viewed by the North West Company as a ploy by employees of the Earl of Selkirk.
The local Métis did not acknowledge the authority of the Red River Settlement, and this stand was probably consistent with the Royal Proclamation of 1763. The pemmican proclamation was a blow to both the Métis and North West Company. The North West Company accused the HBC of unfairly monopolizing the fur trade by this edict. As the North West Company floundered under these and other restrictions, the HBC attempted to take it over, but was not successful. MacDonnell resigned as governor of the Red River Colony. He was replaced by Robert Semple, an American businessman with no previous experience in the fur trade.