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Introductory Lecture

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EuroTeachers Maastricht

on 29 December 2015

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Transcript of Introductory Lecture

1951: Treaty of Paris
European Coal
and Steel Community
Ministers of the Member States








1955
2000
1945
European Integration
After 1945: How to make future wars impossible?
Deeper Integration
1957 - The Treaty of Rome
European Economic Community


Idea of a '
common market
'

Because success is attractive... the community grows
Cooperation Increases
1985 - Schengen Agreement

Freedom to travel freely
among all participating
countries
1992: The Treaty of Maastricht
New name: European Union
goal: Single Currency

- EU Citizenship
- Enhanced Cooperation
- Increased EU influence in
Foreign- and Defence policy
- Made the Union more democratic
2009: The Lisbon Treaty
Current EU Treaty

Two new posts:
President of the European Council
High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

Made the EU:
- more efficient - more united in the world
- more democratic - more secure
- more transparent
2014: So, where are we today?
The European Commission
The Council of the European Union
(Council of Ministers)
The European Parliament
meet in: Brussels and Strasbourg
ONLY directly elected European institution

Herman van Rompuy
President of the
European Council
Jose Manuel Barroso
President of the
European Commission
Lady Catherine Ashton
High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
Martin Schulz
President of the
European Parliament
The European Council
Define general political direction
proposes legislation
vote on legislation

1975
European Elections
- every European citizen older than 18 years can vote
- Elections are organized on the national level
- Parties from different countries form alliances
Right to legislate
(with the Council)

Power to control the
budget

Power to
approve
and
dismiss
the Commission

Powerful and
only directly elected
institution

next election: 22 - 25 May
Welcome to EuroTeachers!
Thank you!
Schedule for the Day!

09:00 - Introductory Lecture
10:00 - Short Break / Change Rooms
10:15 - Workshops
- Culture & Identity
- Enlargement
- International Relations 1
- International Relations 2
12:30 - Break
13:15 - Presentation of Results
10 different Council configurations
10 Councils depending on subject
General
Affairs
Foreign Affairs
Economic and
financial affairs
Employment, social policy, health and consumer affairs
Justice
and
home
affairs
Competitiveness
Transport,
Telecommunications
and Energy
Agriculture
and
fisheries
Environment
Education,
youth,
culture and
sport
For Example:
Introduction of the Euro
Declaration on Military Forces
Copenhagen Criteria
European Financial Stability Facility


Meet ≥ 6 times a year
European Council
- European Heads of Government -
pooling of production to

Safeguard Peace
Increase Prosperity
Ministers of Foreign Affairs
Unanimously decide on
Common Foreign and
Security Policy

Chair: Lady Catherine Ashton

High Representative of the Union for
Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
Supranational,
'EU interest'

28 commissioners

Propose laws
'Guardian of the Treaties'
1979: First Direct Parliament Elections
7 - 10 June 1979
410 seats in Parliament

big step in legitimising the Community
What is the EU?
An
Economic
and
Political
Union
Decision-making through:
Independent,
supranational
institutions and
Intergovernmental
negotiated decisions
A third level of governance
Democratic Deficit
Democracy:
Government by and for the people
Pro
Con
THE BIG PLAYERS

Increase in power of
unelected bodies
Parliament is too weak
Europe is too
distant from voters
EU policy making process
is more transparent than in domestic governments
Council members are
elected in the member states
growing power of EP
Heads of Government
European Council
Ministers of Member States
Council of the EU
Democratic Deficit:
lack of control over the
decision-making process
Full transcript