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Philosophy during the Renaissance
Transcript of Philosophy during the Renaissance
By Ethan Mah and Curtis Hua
Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, and is related to reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind and language. Philosophy in the Renaissance (1400-1650) was mostly centered around humanism, the study of human values and potential.
What is Philosophy?
During the Renaissance, the ideal life was no longer about preparing for the afterlife. Human interests and potential became valued after the spreading of ideas of humanism. Being happy and having an efficient life was as important as getting a spot in Heaven during the Middle Ages.
The church and the feudal system was not an influence anymore, and there was also a rebirth of individualism, making this a stepping stone towards modern western worldviews.
The Middle Ages Compared to the Renaissance
Art was no longer completely based on religion, and Renaissance artists had many different and unique topics to choose from. Also, 3D perspective became commonly used instead of having the most important character as the largest.
How Medieval Art Changed
How Ideas of Humanism Spread Throughout Europe
Philosophical Thinkers That Had a Major Impact on Humanism
Philosophers would travel from one university to another to study and educate many other scholars.The printing press helped in spreading these ideas because scholars were able to record whatever they learned.
Northern Europeans hired many Italian craftsman and scholars to their courts, as well as having entered a relative peace, ideas spread through increased trading. In contrast, ideas were slower spread because of geographic location and an entrenched feudalism.
Feudalism and warfare made it even more difficult for ideas to spread. However, raids into the Italian Peninsula helped spread ideas because soldiers would walk back to their own countries with new stolen ideas.
He was best known for his translations of ancient classical Greek and Roman texts and promoting their study.
Desiderius Erasmus (1466-1536)
He believed that the bible should be translated from Latin and Greek into the vernacular language, so that more people could read it.
Guillaume Bude (1467-1540)
He believed lawyers should study the texts in the original Latin and ignore the interpretations. French universities were soon changing their programs to follow Bude's ideas.
Ancient Greek Influences
Famous ancient Greek philosophers Plato, Aristotle and Socrates have made texts which were important in the development of Humanism and even the modern Western worldview. Topics that were influenced by these philosophers include ethics, metaphysics, physics, biology, mathematics, meteorology, astronomy, psychology, politics and rhetoric and more.
Impact Philosophy had on the People of the Renaissance
Impact Philosophy had on Modern Worldview
The impact that philosophy had on the people of the Renaissance was that people started to question the ways of the Church and were curious about the way of life. Scholars wanted to read the original ancient texts instead of translated ones. Humanists believed that human had potential to do great things and not just to get a spot in heaven.
Humanism paved the way towards modern Western worldviews. Many factors that shaped the world includes basic education for all, individualism, and curiosity, which led to many scientific discoveries. People like da Vinci made many recordings of their studies that influenced inventions that were made many years later.
Philosophical Thinkers That Had a Major Impact on Humanism Part 2
Ancient Greek Influences
Famous ancient Greek philosophers Plato, Aristotle and Socrates have made texts which were important in the development of Humanism and even the modern Western worldview. This was a major reason why people of the Renaissance wanted to learn Latin and Greek.Topics that were influenced by these philosophers include ethics, metaphysics, physics, biology, mathematics, meteorology, astronomy, psychology, politics and rhetoric and more.
Francesco Guicciadini (1483-1540)
was a friend and critic of Niccolo Machiavelli and was a major political writer of the Italian Renaissance Guicciardini paved the way for a new style in historiography.
John Colet (c.1467-1519)
He was an educational pioneer. He was an English scholar, Renaissance humanist, theologian, member of the Worshipful Company of Mercers, and Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral, London.
Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592)
Michel believed that people should behave honorably, respecting both themselves and others.
How Humanism Affected People of The Renaissance
Humanism encouraged curiosity and education in the people to make question the ways of the church and feudalism. These people started to read and write in the vernacular language. They also wanted to learn Latin and Greek in order to read the original ancient texts written before the Medieval period.