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'The Picture of Dorian Gray'

Language and Culture III - Final Exam

Celeste Tripiciano

on 29 November 2015

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Transcript of 'The Picture of Dorian Gray'

Context of Production - Oscar Wilde's Biography
Context of Production - The Victorian Era
Music, Facebook and YouTube
Transmedia Storytelling (2007) - by Henry Jenkins
Transmedia storytelling represents a process where integral elements of a fiction get dispersed systematically across multiple delivery channels for the purpose of creating a unified and coordinated entertainment experience. Ideally, each medium makes it own unique contribution to the unfolding of the story.

Transmedia storytelling reflects the economics of media consolidation or what industry observers call “synergy.” Modern media companies are horizontally integrated – that is, they hold interests across a range of what were once distinct media industries. A media conglomerate has an incentive to spread its brand or expand its franchises across as many different media platforms as possible. The current configuration of the entertainment industry makes transmedia expansion an economic imperative, yet the most gifted transmedia artists also surf these marketplace pressures to create a more expansive and immersive story than would have been possible otherwise.
An Analysis of
'The Picture of Dorian Gray'
Through Transmedia
by Celeste Tripiciano

Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde (1854-1900), born in Dublin, Ireland, was a wit playwright, poet, and essayist. He is now famous for his flamboyant lifestyle and epigrams as for his plays, poems and fiction.
His father was the eminent surgeon Sir William Wilde and his mother a literary hostess who was also known as a writer under her pen name ‘Speranza’. Studying classics first at Trinity College in Dublin before going on to Magdalen College, Oxford, Wilde proved to be a brilliant scholar, winning the Newdigate Prize for his poem ‘Ravenna’. While at Oxford his flamboyant appearance and conspicuous espousal of aestheticism – art for art’s sake – attracted great attention, much of it hostile. With his talent, wit, charm and instinct for publicity, Wilde soon became a familiar name in the literary world, as much for his conversational skills as for his writing. His first collection, Poems, was published in 1881 shortly before he embarked on a one-year lecture tour of North America. Arriving in New York, Wilde is recorded as saying, ‘I have nothing to declare but my genius’ – one of the many epigrams attributed to him.
After his marriage to Constance Lloyd in 1884 he published several books stories for children, originally written for his own sons. Lord Arthur Savile’s Crime appeared shortly before his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891). After 1890 Wilde had increasing success on stage with his shrewd and sparkling comedies, Lady Windermere’s Fan (1892), A Woman of No Importance (1893), An Ideal Husband (1895) and his masterpiece, The Importance of Being Earnest(1895). Wilde’s play, Salomè, written in French, was refused a licence in London but was performed in Paris in 1896 and later adapted as an opera. Translated by Wilde’s close friend Lord Alfred Douglas (‘Bosie’), it appeared for publication in England with illustrations. Douglas’s father, the Marquess of Queensberry, strongly disapproved of his son’s friendship with the notorious playwright, and after he publicly insulted Wilde a quarrel ensued which eventually led to Wilde’s imprisonment in 1895 for homosexual offences. He was sentenced to two years’ imprisonment with hard labour, which left him on his release in 1897 bankrupt and weakened. Relying on the generosity of friends, he went ot live in France, adopting the name of Sebastian Melmoth. While here he wrote his famous poem, The Ballad of Reading Gaol.
Wilde died in exile in France in 1900. When The Picture of Dorian Gray first appeared in 1890 it was greeted not with praise but scandalized protest; Wilde’s own Preface to the book, containing the line, ‘There is no such thing as a moral or immoral book. Books are well written, or badly written. That is all,’ proved the best retort.
'The Picture of Dorian Gray'
Metal, Progressive, Melodic Death Metal. Formed in 2010, NJ, USA
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TPODGbandNJ
No Honor Among Thieves (Album: American "Christianity")
You're so exasperated by what consumes you
Pushing victims to the front lines of this war you wage.
All you are, all you fear, will pass with time, will pass with time
You're so exasperated by your self righteousness
Pushing victims to the lines of a war you wage

Take my life!

There is no honor amongst thieves, no honor among us all
We take what we want and leave nothing.

Take this life make it yours!
Take this life make it yours!

There is no honor among the thieves, there is no honor among us all
There is no honor among the thieves. We take want and leave nothing.

My chains are gone.
"No matter who you are, convictions are crucial. Think about it—no matter what you believe in, no matter what motivates you, the important thing is that something motivates you. Without a greater impetus, a great driving factor, humanity would be in a permanent form of stagnation. There would be no political or religious reform—no scientific progress or literary development. There would also be no The Picture of Dorian Gray—a young and progressive metalcore band erupting out of the depths of New Jersey. Combining awe-inspiring symphonic and electronic elements along with skull-splitting heaviness, American “Christianity” is a dynamic release that uses energetic and ambitious moral obligation as an impetus to create an immense and immersive release that will take hold of the listener by the ears and shake them into submission.
American “Christianity” at first strikes the listener with bold, blistering and blunt heaviness. Jarring, spine-shaking grooves hammer at the listener’s backbone, while visceral, throat-rending screams rip holes in their flesh. “The Deceived and the Deceiver” is a keen example of this—using metallic riffs with pulsating, pounding percussion to keep the listener’s feet tapping and head bobbing, while at the same time leading them blindly to their fate—as the track reaches its apex in one of the most simultaneously brilliant and destructive breakdowns the genre has to offer. All the while, the toggled low, bellowed growls and piercing, rasping screams take turns swinging at the listener’s eardrums like sledgehammers, slowly wearing away at their sanity. “No Honor Among Thieves” is just as crushing and sinister, but in a more direct way, bypassing the band’s penchant for the riffy and metallic in favor of going straight for the throat, ripping out the listener’s jugular with a series of low-down-and-dirty groove-ridden breakdowns that rip flesh from bone and drain the listener’s life force from their veins. (...)
Most often, transmedia stories are based not on individual characters or specific plots but rather complex fictional worlds which can sustain multiple interrelated characters and their stories. This process of world-building encourages an encyclopedic impulse in both readers and writers. We are drawn to master what can be known about a world which always expands beyond our grasp.

Transmedia storytelling practices may expand the potential market for a property by creating different points of entry for different audience segments. Similarly, the strategy may work to draw viewers who are comfortable in a particular medium to experiment with alternative media platforms.

Because transmedia storytelling requires a high degree of coordination across the different media sectors, it has so far worked best either in independent projects where the same artist shapes the story across all of the media involved or in projects where strong collaboration (or co-creation) is encouraged across the different divisions of the same company. Most media franchises, however, are governed not by co-creation (which involves conceiving the property in transmedia terms from the outset) but rather licensing (where the story originates in one media and subsequent media remain subordinate to the original master text.)
BBC. (2014).
Victorian Britain
. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/timeline/victorianbritain_timeline_noflash.shtml

Evans, E. (2011).
A British Revolution in the 19th Century?
Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/empire_seapower/revolution_01.shtml

Jenkins, H. (2007).
Transmedia Storytelling
. Retrieved from http://henryjenkins.org/2007/03/transmedia_storytelling_101.html

Marvel (2007). Marvel Illustrated: Picture of Dorian Gray. Marvel Illustrated: USA

McNamara, R. (n.n.).
Victorian Britain
. Retrieved from http://history1800s.about.com/od/thebritishempire/tp/Victorian-Britain-01.htm

McNamara, R. (n.n.).
Timelines of the 1800s
. Retrieved form http://history1800s.about.com/od/1800sglossary/a/1800stimeline.htm

Poetry for Dorian Gray. Retrieved from https://www.fanfiction.net/s/5811850/2/Poetry-for-Dorian-Gray

Riddle, R. (2010). The Picture Of Dorian Gray. Retrieved from http://www.booksie.com/poetry/poetry/rebecca_riddle/the-picture-of-dorian-gray

The British Empire: Nineteenth Century Timeline
. Retrieved from http://www.britishempire.co.uk/timeline/19century.htm

Wilde. O. (1891).
The Picture of Dorian Gray
. 1994 Ed. Penguin Books LTD: London, England
British Empire was the term used to describe the far-flung colonies controlled by Great Britain. In some ways it reached its peak of power in the 19th century, during the long reign of Queen Victoria.
The most valuable British possession in the 19th century was India. But the British government also controlled outposts including Hong Kong, colonies in Africa, Canada, Ireland, and even an entire continent, Australia.
The beginning of the British Empire can be traced back to the 1500s, when British ships began striking out for the New World. Colonies along the east coast of North America were established in the early 1600s. And Canada and the 13 American colonies became important foreign holdings.
In the last 1700s the British began taking over much of India, though, of course, they lost their American colonies (except for Canada). But while the loss of the 13 colonies which became the United States seemed a great blow, British ships and merchants were establishing economic colonies elsewhere.
Captain James Cook explored the Pacific, and colonies were start in present day Australia. And other colonies, such as Gibraltar, Malta, and Trinidad, were acquired as the result of wars.
By the middle of the 19th century, Great Britain controlled lands all across the globe, and eventually it was said “the sun never sets on the British Empire.” British troops fought the Crimean War and also wars in Afghanistan designed to challenge Russia's quest to extend its own empire. By the late 19th century the British seemed to adopt the concept of empire as a goal in itself, and the “race for Africa” sparked a rivalry between European nations to control part of that continent.
Context of Production - The Victorian Era
Cracks in the empire became evident early, of course, with the breaking away of the United States. In the late 1850s a rebellion in India shook the British rulers. And the 19th century was marked by a series of rebellions in Ireland.
A rebellion in Ireland in 1916, and Britain’s reaction to it, led to a guerrilla war which led to most of Ireland gaining its freedom in 1921. And Britain’s largest colony, India, became free in 1947.
In the early 20th century Britain admitted that a number of colonies were essentially governing themselves, so they began considering them as members of the Commonwealth of Nations rather than the British Empire. As decolonization progressed, the former colonies joined the Commonwealth, which today represents more than 50 independent nations.
1837 - Victoria comes to the throne after the death of William IV
1838 - Slavery is abolished in the British Empire
- London-Birmingham line opens and the railway boom starts
1843 - Church of Scotland splits over separation of church and state
1845 - Irish potato famine begins
1848 - Irish nationalist John Mitchel is arrested for treason
1854 - Britain and France declare war on Russia and the Crimean War begins
1857 - Members of the Bengal army mutiny in India
1859 - Devon and Cornwall are linked by a revolutionary new bridge
1859 - Charles Darwin's 'On the Origin of Species' is published
1869 - William Gladstone disestablishes the Church of Ireland
1869 - Suez Canal opens, linking the Mediterranean and the Red Sea
1870 - Irish Land Act gives rights to tenants
1870 - Women obtain limited rights to retain their property after marriage
1872 - Voting by secret ballot is introduced
1876 - Victoria is declared empress of India
1881 - Second Land Act reforms Irish property law
1882 - Two British government officials are murdered in Dublin
1883 - Married women obtain the right to acquire their own property
1889 - New local government authorities take up their duties
1894 - Parish councils are created
1899 - Second Boer War begins in South Africa
The first book published (1890) and the 1994 edition
Transmedia Disseminations

The Picture of Dorian Gray
Cinematographic Disseminations
The Picture of Dorian Gray
Released in March 1945 by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, the film is directed by Albert Lewin and stars George Sanders as Lord Henry Wotton and Hurd Hatfield as Dorian Gray. Shot primarily in black-and-white, the film features four inserts in 3-strip Technicolor of Dorian's portrait as a special effect (the first two of his portrait's original state, and the second two after a major period of degeneration).
Cinematographic Dissemination
Dorian Gray's Portræt
is a Danish silent film directed by Axel Strom, starring starring Valdemar Psilander, Clara Pontoppidan, and Henrik Malberg.
The Picture of Dorian Gray
is an American silent film, directed by Phillips Smalley, starring Wallace Reid, and with a screenplay by Lois Weber.
The Picture of Dorian Gray
is an American silent film directed by Eugene Moore, starring Harris Gordon, Helen Fulton, Ernest Howard, and W. Ray Johnston
The Picture of Dorian Gray
is a British silent fantasy film directed by Fred W. Durrant and starring Henry Victor, Pat O'Malley and Sydney Bland.
Das Bildnis des Dorian Gray
is a German silent fantasy film directed by Richard Oswald and starring Bernd Aldor, Ernst Pittschau, and Ernst Ludwig.
Az Élet királya
is a Hungarian silent drama film directed by Alfréd Deésy, featuring Béla Lugosi.
El Retrato de Dorian Gray (1969)
is a Mexican soap-opera produced and directed by Ernesto Alonso, starring Enrique Álvarez Félix as Dorian Gray.
YouTube Users
There are many disseminations of The Picture of Dorian Gray on YouTube, many of which are videoclips created by YouTube users who enjoy mixing different versions of Oscar Wilde's book.
Jessica Taylor, a YouTube user chosen at random, mixed various scenes from the 2009 film, creating a video of his own version of The Picture of Dorian Gray. She also recorded the song Hurricane as the soundtrack of the videoclip, which is performed by 30 Seconds to Mars ft. Kanye West. Therefore, Taylor has become a director, producer, and editor, proving the fact that
'Transmedia storytelling practices may expand the potential market for a property by creating different points of entry for different audience segments. Similarly, the strategy may work to draw viewers who are comfortable in a particular medium to experiment with alternative media platforms'. (Jenkins, 2007)
Henry Jenkins is the Provost’s Professor of Communication, Journalism, and Cinematic Arts at the University of Southern California.Jenkins is the principal investigator for Project New Media Literacies (NML), a group which originated as part of the MacArthur Digital Media and Learning Initiative.
Transmedia Storytelling (2007) - by Henry Jenkins
Dorian Gray
, aka
The Evils of Dorian Gray
The Secret of Dorian Gray
, is a film adaptation directed by Massimo Dallamano, starring Helmut Berger. The film stresses the decadence and eroticism of the story and changes the setting to early 1970s London. The sexual liberation of the late 1960s and early 1970s provides a fitting backdrop for Dorian's escapades in this version, and also the general clothing and fashion style of the era is extrapolated into a 1970s version of the aesthetic, decadent world of the 1890s novel.
Cinematographic Disseminations
Cinematographic Disseminations
The Picture of Dorian Gray (2004)
. Directed by David Rosenbaum; starring Josh Duhamel.

The Picture of Dorian Gray (2006)
. Directed by Duncan Roy; starring David Gallagher as Dorian Gray.

The Picture of Dorian Gray (2007)
. Directed by Jon Cunningham.

The Picture (of Dorian Gray) (2009)
. Directed by Jonathan Courtemanche; starring Hanna Dillon, Lawrence Evans, and Miles Heymann

Dorian Gray (2009)
. Directed by Oliver Parker; starring Ben Barnes as Dorian Gray; Ben Chaplin as Basil Hallward; Colin Firth as Henry Wotton
The Picture of Dorian Gray
, made for television, directed by John Gorrie, starring Peter Firth.

Le Portrait de Dorian Gray
, directed by Pierre Boutron; starring Patrice Alexsandre.

The Sins of Dorian Gray
, made for television, directed by Tony Maylam; starring Belinda Bauer as a female Dorian Gray; this version sees Dorian Gray as an actress and photographic model who becomes immortal during an audition.

League of Extraordinary Gentlemen
, a
directed by Stephen Norrington, produced by (and starring) Sean Connery. Starring Stuart Townsend as Dorian Gray.

, aka
Pact with the Devil

, directed by Allan A Goldstein; starring Ethan Erickson as Louis/Dorian. Transposing Oscar Wilde's classic tale of narcissism and hedonistic indulgence to late-twentieth-century Manhattan, Allan Goldstein tells the story of Louis, a photographer's assistant, who is a beautiful young man with beautifully simple dreams - until he meets the manipulative Henry Wooten. Henry convinces him that he has the face of tomorrow, but only today to live for.
Cinematographic Disseminations
A Television Mash-up Series
Penny Dreadful (2014)
Penny Dreadful is a British-American horror TV series. The title refers to the penny dreadfuls, a type of 19th-century cheap British fiction publication with lurid and sensational subject matter. The series draws upon many public domain characters from 19th-century Irish and British fiction, including
Dorian Gray
from Oscar Wilde's
The Picture of Dorian Gray
Mina Harker
Abraham Van Helsing
from Bram Stoker's
, and
Victor Frankenstein
and his
from Mary Shelley's

Gastonia - Dorian Gray
Es mi verdad
Es mi ilusión
El secreto que guarda es mi perfección

Si para que morir
si un retrato ahora cuida de mí

Soy lo que nunca muere
Y lo que el tiempo hiere
Y gran belleza de…
Soy un ayer

Tuve un amor
Qué término
Pues el retrato es mi única pasión

Si para que morir
Si un retrato ahora cuida de mí

Soy lo que nunca muere
Y lo que el tiempo hiere
Y gran belleza de…
Soy un ayer
Cherry Five - The Picture Of Dorian Gray (1976)
You have sold your soul to devil, Dorian Gray.
Now you're waking dream, my dear Dorian Gray.
And your picture lies upstairs hidden by,
a purple sheet of sins and shame.
And the trivial things of life, my poor Dorian Gray,
make your head turn around and now you pay your faults.
Then you took the knife and you tore your heart, your heart.

And the blade is like the key for safety,
and your blood is getting hot and cold,
and the blade is like the key for safety,
and your blood is getting old and cold.

Now your jealous friends can laugh from the realm of hell.
Envy disappeared and joy arose for them.
With the fame, success, you burn in the red,
hot fire, of rotten woods.
And your leprous yellowish face, is turning into dust.
Seeking shelter, peace and rest into the depths of earth.
At the end you find the last punishment, the last.
'The Picture of Dorian Gray' by Rebecca Riddle (2010)

A picture of perfection,
A curious sight.
Hidden form view,
A wondrous delight.

Never aging nor dying,
Not changing at all.
Just a price to be paid,
So your life will ne'er fall.

To barter one's soul,
Is to truly give in,
to admit defeat,
And to let darkness win.
But to stay young forever?
An incredible feat,
To impress those around you,
And all those you meet.

Yet Inside you're dying,
Subject to a curse.
Pleasure and desire
Have emptied your purse.

A picture in ruins,
A curious sight.
Hidden from view,
A monstrous fright.
Your beauty and your youth first caught my eye,
Your innocence a fire to my flame,
I knew that soulful gaze could never lie,
I knew, within my heart, you felt the same.

You looked at me and wanted to repay
For precious art and feelings yet unspoken,
You kissed me with a passion to convey,
You turned about and left my self quite broken.

I watched your base obsessions ruin your soul,
I saw my art destroyed by morbid sin,
I urged you, then, to make your spirit whole,
But just enraged the evil fiend within

And loved you even when your knife
Cut through my skin and stole away my life.
'Poetry for Dorian Gray' by Aevylonya (2011)
The Picture Of Dorian Gray
(1891 Version)
by Oscar WILDE (1854 - 1900).
Unabridged audiobook.
Sourced from Librivox. Read by Bob Neufeld.
Uploaded 15th January, 2014, by YouTube user
Fab Audio Boooks
Published: December 28, 2007
Added to Marvel Unlimited: November 06, 2008
Writer: Roy Thomas
Penciller: Sebastian Fiumara
Cover Artist: Gerald Parel
YouTube Users - Cartoons
'The Picture of Dorian Gray
Uploaded 27 October, 2009,
by Mariozeldakirby
'Reduced Dorian Gray Goanimate'
Uploaded 11 May, 2011,
by Sparater
A poem written from the point of view of Basil, Dorian's friend.
Full transcript