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The Ivory Trade

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Marcus Nguyen

on 15 September 2014

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Transcript of The Ivory Trade

The Ivory Impact
Elephants
Elephants have been known to have long tusks which are made of ivory. Only 2/3 of the ivory is exposed by the tusk. Elephants are found in Africa and As

Elephant tusks can cost up to $700 per Kilogram.

Due to the killing of elephants for their ivory, elephant population has been decreased by 85 percent.
Walruses
Walruses have been hunted further up north in the Arctic therefore making them harder to hunt compared to elephants. Their ivory is more valuable though as it is in their two front tusks which can be up to one metre long.
Narwhal/Sperm whale
Narwhals are hunted for their long 'Tusks/Tooth' that can grow up to 3.1 meters long. Therefore they are very valuable to the poachers but it is harmful as the full animal is killed for one single tooth.

Sperm whales have teeth very short, but they come in great supply, so the sellers do not care but still it is slaughtering a defenseless animal.


Statistics

Over 2 million elephants lived in Africa but now due to poachers killing the elephants for their ivory, roughly only five hundred thousand wild African elephants remain.

Narwhals are also near extinct as their numbers are an astounding eight hundred thousand. Narwhals are heavily endangered same with elephants. Narwhal population estimates indicate around 45,000-50,000 individuals.

At the turn of the 20th century, there were a few million African elephants and about 100,000 Asian elephants. Today, there are an estimated 450,000 - 700,000 African elephants and between 35,000 - 40,000 wild Asian elephants.



Solution
The solution is a tedious but worthwhile solution, as we can help the affected animals regrow back into their natural habits.

When we placed already major fines on those who were caught trading ivory internationally, everybody found ways to smuggle it through and the law stated of the INTERNATIONAL trade of ivory, so we need to shut that down by enforcing major crackdowns on places which are known to sell ivory.

We should also have more protection for elephants so we can prevent the start of the ivory trade process, the poaching of the animal

We need to preserve and protect these animals from the worst fate possible: extinction and/or genetic mutation which would mean the tusk will be erased from their line of evolution. But in order to do this, we need to not only raise awareness but stop the poachers from their trade because then it will backfire on them, they will have less/no profit as the tusks will get shorter and simply disappear.
The problem
The Ivory trade is the illegal poaching of animals for their ivory and illegally selling and trafficking of the ivory. the main animals that are poached for their ivory are elephants, walruses, whales and narwhals.

Even though the international trade of elephant and walrus ivory has been banned since 1972, the international trade of all ivory was banned in 1989, but there are still ways to bypass the system, for example the black market.

Also, these poor animals are being killed before death, unlike the original scheme of letting the animal die first. This is because of the recent increase in demand, poachers have started to kill the defenseless animals before their natural death and take their ivory.

The result of this slaughter is that these animals involved in the ivory trade are having their population diminished by the thousands.








Tusks being burnt to stop
poachers from being able
to sell the ivory for money and profit.

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What is Being Done Now
At this moment, people are saying the things being done to stop the ivory trade are enough, but in truth, many of the things to stop the ivory trade are not preventing it, it is just one more obstacle for poachers to go through.

For example, one solution conservationists thought might have worked was for the elephant keepers to cut off the tusks of the elephant so the elephant would have no ivory on them for poachers to get, therefore, preventing the death of the elephant from poachers. Even though this sounds like a solution, the tusks of an elephant only contain two thirds of the overall ivory in an elephant.





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