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Transcript of Northern Arctic
Ecozone Effect on Northern Arctic Industries and Population Environmental Issues What is
Needed to Protect this Ecozone Northern Arctic
Ecozone Impact on Ecozone Impact on Earth Vegetation and Animal Life Climate Change Greenhouse gasses warm up the Arctic twice as fast as the rest of the world -makes permafrost less reliable
-loss of sea ice
-higher water levels in future
-change of plant and animal life -The Arctic tree line would move northwards
-Mosses and Lichens, a food source for caribou and reindeer are less abundant due to invasive species
-Based on climate factors; more insects,
habitat loss and food availability would affect animal life
-affects marine mammal distribution which affects polar bears -more shipping in the Arctic creates more
-mining and oil development will increase the
-wind carries persistent toxic chemicals into the
-radioactive waste from the cold wars
-many factories, cars and energy plants which
produce high amounts of CO2 Why we need your help - First Nations people are losing homes due to permafrost
- More tourists because of melting ice
- Increased shipping lanes over the Northwest Passage as ice melts
-Possibly more mining and oil wells from easier transport routes Characteristics of Northern Arctic Area: 1 371 340 km²
Landforms: Plains and upland areas
Long winters (-30°C) and short summers (5°C); precipitation 200mm; short growing seasons
Permafrost and tundra soils
20,451 total population
GDP $0.38 billion from hunting, tourism and some mining Major Cities A. Iqaluit, Nu
B. Gjoa Haven, NWT
C. Cambridge Bay , NWT
D. Resolute, NWT What is the Northern Arctic Ecozone? The Northern Arctic is one of Canada's 15 terrestrial ecozones
It is the second largest ecozone in Canada. Problems In the Northern Arctic The earth is affecting the Northern Arctic by: They are affected because: Please do your part and help the Northern Arctic Ecozone More Funding More Ecological Awareness More funding would be required to: Create sanctuaries/ national parks for endangered animals in the Northern Arctic
Give the inhabitants there economical help and support to cope with the changes
Prepare tourism sites that help show the land's beauty and yet spread awareness about the damage done to the land How we can inform others about the impacts on the Northern Arctic: Informing student bodies about the situation - future textbooks referring more on the affects of environmental issues
- more in school assemblies on the issue Promote awareness by having advertisements
Bring the problem to worldwide organizations and worldwide meetings such as Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy (AEPS) an agreement by the eight Arctic countries Diverse and numerous amounts of wildlife and vegetation in the Arctic
Animals include the polar bear, snow hare, arctic fox, muskox, moose, reindeer, beluga whales, walruses, seals, narwhals and the canadian inuit dog
Vegetation includes: moss, small lichens, few stunted trees, and small flowers like the Purple Saxifrage; not much can be grown in the Northern Arctic Mining Industries (especially diamonds)
Personal Support industries: fishing (marine life is crucial to the Inuit) , hunting, trapping
Arts and Crafts Industries and Resources National Parks Quttinirpaaq NP
Ukkusiksalik NP Global Warming is changing human activities in the Northern Arctic by: To create permits to a limited number of ships that cross the arctic each year
Reduce the amount of mining done in ecozone Animals and Vegetation Other Ways in the Future: People and Culture People that live here are mostly Inuit, Inuvialuit, or other First Nations People
Main languages are
Inuktitut and English
Before the Northern
Arctic was settled, the
Inuits were hunters and
lived in igloos in
the winter and tents in the summer
Afterwards, the population increased too much and many had to move into the towns established by the government by the 1950s Greenwood, Barbara. The Kids Book of CANADA. Toronto: Kids Can Press Ltd, 2007. Pages 52-56.
Preserving Canada’s Arctic North. Adam McLeod (Dream Healer). 2011
Lands Dictorate (2009-02-05). “Northern Arctic Ecozone.” Parks Canada [Online]. Available: http://www.pc.gc.ca/apprendre-learn/prof/itm2-crp-trc/htm/ecozone02_e.asp.
Bernhardt, Torsten. “Northern Arctic.” The Canadian Biodiversity Web Site [Online] Available: http://canadianbiodiversity.mcgill.ca/english/ecozones/northernarctic/northernarctic.htm. Bibliography Government of Canada (2012-10-15). “Northern Canada.” Invest in Canada [Online]. Available: http://investincanada.gc.ca/eng/explore-our-regions/northern-canada.aspx.
The Weather Channel (2012). “Average Weather for Iqaluit, Nunavut.” The Weather Channel [Online]. Available: http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/CAXX0202.
“Arctic.”. “Encyclopedia Americana.”. 20 Oct. 2012. Bibliography Thank You For Watching Put together by: Michael Ng
Zi Yu Cai