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Verb Tenses

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Kimberly Helms

on 15 October 2013

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Transcript of Verb Tenses

Obstacle 1
Obstacle 2
Obstacle 3
Are verbs tense?
Can we figure this out????
Using Consistent Verb Tense
by Mrs. Helms
Write these examples...
Write the examples
in your notes...
LA.8.L.8.1.d: Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb voice and mood.
Verbs are words that show action or state of being
Action: run, swim, jump, taste, fall, dream
State of being: be, appear, seem, feel

Verb tenses let us know when the action happens
There are 3 simple tenses:
Present tense: I ace tests sometimes, but not enough.
Past tense: I aced the test yesterday.
Future tense; I know I will ace the test tomorrow.

forms indicate more complex time frames…

Present perfect
indicates an action that began in the past but is continuing into the present

means the action continues for a while.
Present perfect indicates action
that took place at no specific time
in the past or that began in the
past and continues into the present.
WRONG: I got home late and Mom fusses at me for not calling to let her know where I will be.
I got home = past tense
Mom fusses = present tense
Where I will be = future tense

BETTER: I got home late and Mom fussed at me for not calling to let her know where I had been.
I got home = past tense
Mom fussed = past tense
Where I had been = past perfect tense

: Adam breaks the dish when he tossed it to Omar who is standing at the sink.
Six Verb Tenses
Present tense
: I eat pizza often.

Past tense
: I ate pizza last night.

Future tense
: I will eat pizza later today.

Present perfect tense
: I have eaten pizza many times.

Past perfect tense
: I had eaten pizza just before you arrived.

Future perfect tense
: I will have eaten pizza at least a million times by the year 2014.
Six progressive verb tenses
(Progressive means the action continues for a while)
Present progressive: I am eating pizza.

Past progressive: I was eating pizza when you called.

Future progressive: I will be eating pizza at 8:30 tonight.

Present perfect progressive: I have been eating pizza all day.

Past perfect progressive: I had been eating pizza for three hours when Mom said my eyes looked like pepperonis.

Future perfect progressive: I will have been eating pizza for five hours nonstop when bedtime rolls around.
___ 1. The teacher explains the diagram to those asked questions during the lecture.

___ 2. While Barbara puts in her contact lenses, the telephone rang.

___ 3. Yesterday, we walked to school, but later ride the bus home.

___ 4. By the time negotiations began, many pessimists have expressed doubt about them.

___ 5. After Capt. James Cook visited Alaska on his third voyage, he is killed by Hawaiian islanders in 1779.
Have the second verb agree with the first.
Controlling Shifts in Paragraphs
You will notice several shifts in tense in the following paragraph. Find the six faulty shifts in tense. Fictional narratives should describe action in the PRESENT tense...

In "The Use of Force" William Carlos Williams describes a struggle involving a doctor, two parents, and their young daughter. The doctor must obtain a throat culture from the girl, who was suspected of having diphtheria. This ordinarily simple task is hindered by the frightened and uncooperative patient, Mathilda Olson. Adding to the doctor's difficulties were the parents, who had to struggle with their own conflicting emotions. They want their daughter helped, but they did not trust the doctor to do the right thing. Sensitive to the parents' uncertainty, the doctor became more and more frustrated by Mathilda's resistance. Williams gives considerable attention to how each of the Olsons react, but it is clear that his main interest was in the doctor and his responses. (adapted from a student essay)
Right or wrong?
1. I was terribly disappointed with my grade because I studied very hard.

2. The moderator asks for questions as soon as the speaker has finished.

3. Everyone hopes the plan would work.

4. Harry wants to show his friends the photos he took last summer.

5. Scientists predict that the sun will die in the distant future.
then, fix it...
"Perfect" needs a helping verb such as have.
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