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Harvard Business Review
How to lower the cost of enterprise sales?
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Scottish Resilience Development Service (ScoRDS)
Perth, PH1 1RX
Tel. 01738 602 141
W - www.scords.gov.uk
Sun, 28 Dec
5 new msgs
This section contains the ScoRDS Prospectus, a full list of courses, and a guided tour around the VRC. It's a good place to start if you're new to the VRC.
This section has short courses with core information about resilience in Scotland (structures, people, guidance) that every professional needs to know, such as...
Introduction to Integrated Emergency Management
Roles and responsibilities of responders.
tiny little writing!
Use Case Diagram
Data Flow Diagram
Limitation & Risk
2. Problem Statement
Limitation & Risk
2.2 non-Functional Requirements
The general requirements of IEMS system are:
1. Simple and easily to be managed interface.
2. A fast and smooth system.
3. Analyzing the consumers shopping behavior.
On the other hand, the IEMS's data requirements are:
1. formal logo in each page of the system.
2. Standard backgrounds and foregrounds.
3. Standardized headings and fonts.
4. Icons representing the main functions of the system.
3. System Design
4. Context Diagram
5. IEMS's Logo
Use Case Diagram
Data Flow Diagram
4. Related Work
Waitorse grocery websites
eGrocer is a specialist grocery retailer in the Kedah state of Malaysia  that wants to
transform its single store business into a thriving online brand. Presently, the majority
of eGrocer business comes in the form of grocery retail. By establishing a local reputation for stocking the fresh non-perishable grocery products and understanding
customers' requirements, eGrocer gets a lot of customers as a result of word-of-mouth recommendation by satisfied customers. However, the location for eGrocer store is away from the main shopping district and so it does not attract a lot of people who were just passing. In the offline model, eGrocer buys stocks it expects to sell. When the eGrocer model goes online, it is able to sell a greater range of grocery products, cross-sell and up-sell a number of items to a national market. Therefore, the system provides a user-friendly web pages and effective advertising medium to promote grocery products at cheaper costs. Additionally, eGrocer can build online community features that bring together shoppers from around the world to chat, share ideas, and learn about new products. The online community features enable eGrocer to have an alternative route for potential customers to come into the site. The System
Development Life Cycle (SDLC) methodology is used to develop the online grocery
Finally, in  Climate coLab website has a design colored shelving system
for grocery products based on carbon foot print, to help consumers make better-informed choices. The proposal is to develop a database/interface which could be used to develop an in-store shelving system or on retailer's websites (which could allow consumers to filter/group grocery products) based on their carbon footprint into four
basic color groups: green, yellow, orange and red (with green having the lowest GHG impact and red the highest). It is suggested that this color coding could
help promote the message that for a lower-carbon diet, “green” products should be
used dominantly, freely, whereas “red” products should be selected consciously/sparingly. The carbon intensity/impact of people’s diets can widely vary,
depending on its composition (including factors such as level of meat consumption, origin of goods, locality of produce). There is, therefore, significant opportunity to actively reduce the greenhouse impact of the food sector by promoting a more conscious and environmentally-friendly approach to selection of food products. However, it is often the case that consumers are poorly-informed of the carbon impact of their food choices.
Intelligent e-supermarket system (IEMS) is going to have a huge rate of acceptance form the majority as it reduces the time and efforts for its customers. Moreover it simplifies the shopping process by presenting all the needed goods with their categories and segments, which gives customers the ability to know new products or services they couldn’t notice form the crowded retails. It helps people who are busy all over their day and don’t have any time to shop. Anyone who are outside the city can do order so they go to pick their orders without any terrible once they arrive, and the same things goes for new people who don’t know where the supermarkets are and what are the available product on them. For foreigners they can transform the RO to any currency they know so that provides them with a confidence. Finally, according to the asking done by the project group members to a number of people, it shows that the system gets a huge rate of acceptance in our society for their intensive need of such system.
5. Future Work
The future work of (IEMS) is going to be the implementation for the system. According to the plan and the design of the project, our team is going to implement it using the appropriate software to perform well. Although, there will be frequent updates for the system to satisfy all the new functionalities being added to the system that will improve its performance among all other e-supermarket systems.
1. Hafiza Mohd Akhir, 2009, Online Grocery System. Master’s thesis, University
2. Tesco website, url: http://www.tesco.com/help/accessibility/
3. Hritchie, Grocery Carbon-Coloured Shelving. Proposal, url: http://climatecolab.org:18081/plans//plans/contestId/1300207/planId/1309101
4. Grocery Delivery Software. url: http://www.urbangrocery.net/grocery-delivery-software/
5. Ocado: An Alternative Way to Bridge the Last Mile in Grocery Home Delivery, url: http://www.sba.pdx.edu/faculty/melliep/458/ocado.pdf
6. Waitrose store, ulr, http://www.waitrose.com/
2. Conceptual Design
1. Limitation of IEMS
3. Use Case Diagram
4. Data Flow Diagram (DFD)
The location for eGrocer store is not attractive.
gets a lot of customers as a result of word-of-mouth recommendation by satisfied customers.
established a local reputation.
wants to transform its single store business into a thriving online brand.
provides a user-friendly web pages and effective advertising medium.
When eGrocer model goes online, it is able to sell a greater range of grocery productst.
builds online community features.
Go to the supermarket.
Find a parking.
looking for their needs through
a huge number of sections and shelves.
Put them in a heavy to pull and push trolley.
Get stuck in the
Wait for the cashier
to count the price.
Wait again until they
package the goods.
Carry the heavy goods
to the car.
And finally drive back
to the house.
Customers put products in other
sections or shelves.
Customers may break products
Sometimes Customers open and
use some of the goods.
when cashier queues become very long and some Customers leave the supermarket without buying anything.
Difficult to provide enough
Waste of employees' effort .
Losing a part of their
Shopping from multiple
Paying bills online.
way to get the order
Scanning the goods barcode
To get rid of crowding during the shopping.
To eliminate the time and effort
spending on shopping.
To facilitate the way of
To demonstrate all the goods
and their information
Analyzing the market and
To compare one product in
To guess which goods will be
sold most than others
To demonstrate all the sold and unsold goods
To know the prices for
un-priced products easily.
IEMS is a system for providing different options of supermarkets available in Oman in one website
To choose any supermarket to shop from, view, search or
tracking each supermarket
& analyzing products
to simplify the shopping process as much as possible and save customer’s efforts and time. as well as increasing supermarkets' profit
satisfies customers &
provide several services:
keeps its customers up-to-date with a range of new products and
looks to improve their services.
Tesco grocery website
Current shopping system
current shopping system
1. customers may not
2. some customers may not have the ability to do it.
3. customers may not have
To help the elderly on shopping easily.
To assist the supermarkets in analyzing the market and customers' needs and purchases
Barcode reading ability
Risks of IEMS System
Lack of needed equipments
Bad analysis of the requirements
Using software that not
Lack of cooperation
Doing some parts of the project based on wrong concept
Teams' members' skills
Not following the project
1. A well designed and organized system.
2. Simple interface with high accessibility.
5. Fast to send an order.
6. Fast response from the supermarket side.
7. Being notified with
new offers and sales
4. Being able to navigate the available supermarkets and view all their goods.
3. Ease of navigation
User Functional Requirements
1. need of Firefox + Java Virtual machine
2. Keeping the users’ accounts secure.
3. Securing the transaction process.
IEMS’s functional requirements
4. Availability and reliability.
5. Information accuracy.
aims to provide a website that is accessible by the widest possible audience.
They used appropriate tag to convey information.
They provide a sitemap service to get an overview what is on the site.
There is a mobile version of the website.