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Intro to Lights in Theatre
Transcript of Intro to Lights in Theatre
Jobs in Lighting (Review)
Purpose of lights in theatre
- Responsible for design, installation, and operation of all lights and electrical outlets. They create the design using the director's concept & vision
- Supervises lights- hang, focus and maintenance. Responsible for all lighting equipment and upkeep.
- Hang, focus, and run lights under the supervision of the Master Electrician.
shows where the lights should fall onstage. This is used to give lighting designers a better idea of how many lights are needed.
Light charts/instrument schedules
list all the lights used in a show along with its number, type, watt, color, and dimmer number
Light cue sheets
show what the lights need to look like during each specific part of a show and when and how it needs to change throughout the show
- Another way lights can give mood is through shadow designs created through devices known as "gobos"
- gobos are metal disks with different patterns cut out to insert in special slots in some lights
- gobos are always inserted upside-down and backwards
Design in Lights
Gels (color filters) are used in theatrical lighting to create different color effects onstage.
These colored lights can create different moods for the audience just like in set design
Types of lights
The purpose of lighting in theatre is threefold:
Intro to Lights in Theatre
Stage areas that carry the most important action usually need brighter and more dramatic lighting.
Comedies generally require a mix of bright lights in mostly warm colors, while serious dramas require shadows and a blend of medium to low tones in cool colors.
Emphasis and Mood
- Used mostly for footlights (shining lights up on the actor) and shining light on a backdrop for a show
- Each individual light can be changed in color to create different effects onstage
The audience has to be able to see the onstage action.
The goal for a lighting designer is to create a balance of intensity that allows the audience to see without being overly aware of the lights.
Logic and Accuracy
Lighting should accurately reflect/ reproduce obvious light sources such as the sun, moon, a fireplace, lamps, etc.
You can also imply the time of day by using color: cool blue can suggest early morning; bright amber light can suggest late afternoon in the summer.
Ellipsoidal Reflector Spotlight (ERS)
- Sometimes called a Leko/ Source 4 (brand names)
- Primarily used for stronger, more focused light onstage from a long distance. Also good for shadow designs with gobos.
- Can be "cropped" to exclude parts of the stage, can be made larger/smaller, sharper/fuzzy, etc. (most changeable)
Fresnel (pronounced fur-nel) spotlight
- mostly used for softer, wider pools of light
- can be closer to stage than an ERS, but cannot be used for shadow designs.
- great for covering entire stage in soft light and can be made sharper or more fuzzy.
- used for covering large areas of stage with bright light.
- mostly used directly overhead of the stage
- cannot be changed except for brightness and color
- used to cover individual actors/groups of actors in bright focused light.
- can move with actor, normally placed furthest away from stage for better control over light
- many followspots have the ability to change color and size