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History of Hair and Hairstyles

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by

Maria Carro

on 16 January 2015

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Transcript of History of Hair and Hairstyles


January 13th
Maria Carro
Ms. Rochon

History of Hair and Hairstyles
ERAS
1980's
FEMALE STYLES
Shoulder pads
Mini skirts
Leg Warmers
Huge earrings
Fingerless gloves
Units
Stretch-Stirrup Pants
Oversized tops
MALES STYLES
Parachute Pants
Michael's style
Members only jacket
Side Ponytail
The "I'm-Closer-to-God-Than-You Bangs"
The Asymmetrical
http://www.liketotally80s.com/top-80s-fashion-trends.html
http://www.liketotally80s.com/1980s-hairstyles.html
http://hair-and-makeup-artist.com/period-hair-makeup/1970s/womens-1970s-hairstyles/
http://hair-and-makeup-artist.com/period-hair-makeup/1920s/womens-1920s-hairstyles/
http://hubpages.com/hub/WomensFashionsofthe1920-FlappersandtheJazz-Age
http://www.fashion-era.com/flapper_fashion_1920s.htm
http://closetjane.blogspot.ca/2012/11/style-era-roaring-20s.html
http://www.stylisheve.com/1920s-hairstyles-for-men/
http://www.hairfinder.com/info/haircolor-history2.htm
http://www.collegefashion.net/beauty-and-hair/beauty-by-the-decade-the-1920s/
http://www.beauty-and-the-bath.com/beautiful-victorian-hairstyles.html
http://victorianeracnr.blogspot.ca/2011/01/fashion.html
http://www.richeast.org/htwm/VICTORIAN/PAPER.HTM
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/history-of-hair-dye.html
http://www.collegefashion.net/beauty-and-hair/beauty-by-the-decade-the-1950s/
http://hair-and-makeup-artist.com/period-hair-makeup/1950s/womens-1950s-hairstyles/
http://www.acsu.buffalo.edu/~mwaltos/lis506/project/1950s/fashion.html
http://www.forgeofinnovation.org/springfield_armory_1892-1945/Themes/People/Women/Hairstyles/index.html
http://www.marieclaire.co.uk/blogs/544203/1940s-fashion-the-decade-captured-in-40-incredible-pictures.html
http://www.thelifenostalgic.com/how-to-dress-1940s-style-for-him/
http://hair-and-makeup-artist.com/period-hair-makeup/1940s/womens-1940s-makeup/








Big hair
The Rodent or Water Fowl
Mullet
hairstyle
Wet Look and Pompadour
Jheri Curl Hair
Tight revealing pants
The brighter and bolder the better!
MAKE-UP
Bright eyeshadow
Neon lips
Coloured eyeliner
Doll face blush
Black Mascara

Big Bangs
Crimping
Big perm
Hairstyles
Fashion
Hairstyles
Fashion
Colouring
Temporary Colour
Punks
Pink, purple, red, blue

Tools and aids
1970's
Female styles
Hairstyles
Male style
Hairstyles
Make-up
Eye Shadow
Tools and aids
Multi-purpose hairdryers

could do it all, including the super orange Supermax made by Gillette.
Colouring
Around a third of American women coloured their hair
Long Straight
The Shag
The Wedge
The Afro (perming)
Cornrows
The Pageboy
Flicks
Stack perms
Mohicans
and
punks
Home dyes:

were big business with kits like Clairol’s Quiet Touch.
Highlighting
was popular, and could be achieved by using a tail comb to weave the hair onto foils ot a heated double-sided flat iron could be used on the foil packets to speed up the activation time.
Frosting

was used to create a natural sun-kissed highlighted look on brown and blonde hair, created by either simply painting on the highlighter using a narrow brush, or by using a few foils.
Perming

Hair care products increased
Targeted at specific
hair types or conditions
.
Emphasis on “
natural
”, e.g. Clairol’s Herbal Essences (founded 1972).
The
two-step process
of using a shampoo and a conditioner.
Blues, green and purples
Finishes in
matte
or have a pearlescent or iridescent sheen
In ressed powder, liquid and creams
Eyeliner
Worn on the upper and/or lower lids
Favoured by
punks
, goths and the new wave army.
In pencil and liquid formulations with an
applicator
White eyeliner
worn directly behind black eyeliner on the upper eye lid was popular with some teenagers.

Tube-with-wand
mascaras
Black, brown, blue, green and grey. And turquoise, raspberry and lavender.
Mascara was worn on both upper and lower
lashes.
Mascara
Deep fruit colours and
pastels
, peaches and pinks (with many products using fruits and flowers in the product’s descriptions)
Red lips
made a comeback
Lipsticks with
gloss
and sheen were fashionable.
Experimentation with
flavoured
lip products.

Not
heavily
lined
with pencil
Lipstick


More
prominent,
ending up as more defined stripes on each cheek

Cheeks and Blusher


Left
natura
l or with a touch of
clear gloss.

The
French Manicur
e, created in the mid-’70s by Jeff Pink, founder of Orly.

Rounded tip, though square nails started to come into

False nails
via beauty salons. If not, women who wanted super long nails would
super glue
nail clippings to the end of their nails!
Nails and nailpolish

Most likely
red
or
black
Applied as if on a
roller coaster,
creating a “smack in the mouth” look.
Safety pins and razor blades were worn in piercings as much as in clothing.
Chains would be draped from ear piercings to noses or lips. Tattooing also went against socially acceptable conventions,
Designs featured punk iconography like skulls, the grim reaper and ghoulish caricatures.
Lipstick
Applied with a paint roller, leaving a bold stripe along the cheek bones.
It wasn’t used to add a defined beauty to the cheeks.
Blusher
Used to create a pale base.
Foundation
Piercings
Punks
Facial Hair
Moustaches
Long and full
Sometimes creating a mutton chop.
Side boards

Different styles: from the shaped Van Dyke to a full natural beard.
Beards
Thick and full
Popular: the horseshoe.
Surfer hair
Dreadlocks
Long hair
Also:
The Mullet
The Afro
Jheri Curl
The Shag
Fashion
Hot pants
Flares
Platform shoes
Midi
Long White Socks
Jeans
Fashion
Printed t-shirts
Canvas shoes
Short leather jacket
Bobs
Plain bob:
a straight fringe and hair ending just below the ears.
The shingle:
where the hair is thinned at the back to the nape with a razor, exposing the hairline The front of the hair was longer and kept in place with grips or slides.
Orchid bob:
a short bob with two definitely flicked-up side curls that sit on the cheeks. The rest of the hair was sleek and smooth.
Coconut bob
: very short with a solid straight fringe and no parting. The hair length sat around the middle or top of the ears.
Moana bob:
this style had a fringe that with a distinctive parting that ran parallel to the forehead. The rest of the hair was swept back over the crown.
Charleston cut
: a softer-looking and longer bob.The hair came to just below the ear lobes and had large, soft waves in it.
Eton crop:
also called the “boyish bob”. A very short bob, shaved at the back and cut above the ears.
Windblown bob
: a series of waves brushed forward
Top to bottom: The shingle; Orchid bob; Moana bob; Eton crop
Plain bob
Charleston cut
Windblown bob
Mimic
short hair by putting long hair up.
Female Hairstyles
or
1920's
Styles associated with flappers
Neutral
tones of beige, sand, cream, navy and black
Soft fluid jersey fabrics cut
Simple
shapes
Made for
comfort
and ease in wear
Revolutionary and quite modern
Originator of the
LBD
- that little black dress.
'Coco' Channel
The
Mary Jane ankle strap button shoe

Fingerwaves
- After the hair was bobbed, it was waved with fingers!
Boyish look

A flat chest was preferred to a large one, Lastex girdlesflattened the abdomen.

Suspenders
were employed in place of the corset.

Rayon stockings
became popular as a substitute for silk stockings.

Colorful silk tights
also came back into fashion for those who could afford them.

Males style
Relied heavily on athletic uniforms
The fashionable athletic were tennis and golf
High socks
Pair of linen knickers, a bow-tie and a V-necked sweater

Cloche hats
were bell shaped and often had embellishments such as flowers, ribbon, feathers.
Female Style
It had to be almost perfect to pull off this effortless and timeless look
The Felt Fedora and a nice suit
Leather Helmets:
Because of the popularity of WWI fighter pilots.
Art Deco
Backless Dresses
High collars in the front

Very low cut backs

One side fastening wrapped

Shawl fur collars.
Coats
Top layers longer
Combed back
Greased with tonic
Slicked-back hairstyles
Ocean Type waves hairstyles
slicked-down ripple hair effect
Usually parted at the center of the hair or slightly off center.
Dark red lipstic
k was the hot ticket (only color available)
Mascara
came in a cake of wax that you added water to in order to create a paste you’d brush onto lashes with a small brush.
The most iconic beauty was dark lipstick that outlined and emphasized the cupid’s bow of the upper lip.
Lin
e the lips emphasizing the bend in your upper lip.
Create an outline that is shorter than the width of your mouth.
Apply
matching lipstick
.
How to do it
Apply a
dark eyeshadow
on the eyelids. Sweep a little up and outward beyond t he edges of your eyes (almost in a “cat eye” look) for a little dramatic flare.

Line the upper and lower lashes with a
black eyeliner
, smudging the bottom lines for a more blended look.

After giving your eyelashes some lift with an eyelash

curler
, apply a few sweeps of
mascara
to your upper
and lower sets of lashes.
Make-up
Tools
Electric tongs
Bobby Pin or Kirbigrip
Spanish Mantilla
Browband
Wigs
Victorians
Female styles
Hairstyles

Pompadour
French Twist
Victorian
braided
Victorian
updo
Corset
Crinoline
Bonnet
Lacet
Fashion
Fan
Caps of firmly woven wool which were close-fitting
Males style
Fashion
Hairstyles
Short
hair
Sideburns
sometimes long
Side parted
Combed hair up and away

Pompadour

Wave to the fron
t of their head.

Make-up
Heavy make up was seen as promiscuous and audacious and was only really worn by actresses and prostitutes.
Alabaster white
skin was extremely in vogue during this era
Little power
to keep the face from looking too shiny
The
eyeshadow
and
lip colour
were extremely
natural
and in nude coloured shades.
Colouring
Expose
coloured hair to the sun for bleaching it.
Mixture of alum, honey, and black sulfur would be used to
lighten
the hair.
Hats which had an
open top
for sun exposure.
Blond
hair gave women an
angelic look.

To darken the hair color, people used
silver nitrate
during this time. As a result of excessive and overuse of silver nitrate, a
purple shade
of hair color was created. It is this shade of color that led to the invention of the first
synthetic hair color.

Perm curls
Conair Hairstyling Tools
Crimper
Contouring was really popular
Plum the lips a little
Bushier eyebrows
Apply a heavy matte-pink blush directly under the cheekbone
TIPS
Colouring
Young women changed their haircolor to
suit their sense of style
and flash as the Flapper Age burst forth.

Was stigmatized as something only “
loose girls
” did.

They bleech their hair with hydrogen peroxide
Tall hats
Tools and aids
Ornaments
Hair rats
(a bundle of false hair) to plump up the sides of an otherwise flat hairdo.
Falls and switches
(false locks of loose hair) used to add length and complexity to a simple updo.
Hot irons
1950's
Female style
Italian cut
Curled and waved short hair
Long hair and ponytails
Pageboy
The Gamine Look
Bouffant
Colouring
Experimentation
with colour
Coloured sprays and paint-on colours
Temporarily
match
one’s hair with the outfit.
Temporary
gold and silver
streaks
Use of tinted
metallic
powders to sprinkle on or liquids to paint on
One-step
products
Tools and aids
False hair
Peter Pan Collars
Headbands
Pin curls
Application of
setting lotion
Hair dried off under a hooded dryer
Wound in
alternating
directions
Kept in by using
hair pins
or small metal clips
Hairspray
Or perming
Swimsuit
The New Look
Below-mid-calf length
Rounded shoulder line.
Full-skirt
Pointed bust
Small waist
Easy-care fabrics
Male style
Bermudas
Ivy League style
(cardigans)
Dark suit
Pink
Side Part
Long Pompadour
Crew Cut
Make-up
More feminine look
Defined
eyebrows
Rosy blush

Defined arch
in the upper lip
Lipstick in a
matte red,
coral, or pinkish-red
Shimmery
shadow across the eyelids
Top lashes lined
dark
and solid
Curl
eyelashes
Thick
coat of black mascara to the top lashes and a very
light
coat to thebottom lashes
1940s
Female Styles
Male Styles
Make-up
Tools and aids
Colouring
Blonde colour
Ginger Rogers
Safer ways
Vegetable dye
Blondes use lemon
Brunettes use vinegar
Classic updo – straight up with
curls
on top
Victory Roll
1) Drew Barrymore lookalike in glasses
2) Smooth swept-back rolls
3) Waved
pompadour
straight off the face
4) short page boy style with a bow
5) Classic 1940s look
Hairstyles
Fashion
Squared shoulders
Small waist
Skirt above the knee.
Swimsuit and Bikini
Metallic trend
Preppy Chic Style
Skirt suit
Driving globes
The flattop style
The Crew Cut
Side part hairstyle
Slicked back hairstyle
Pants tended to be pleated
Worn higher on the waist
Fitted sweaters
Sweater vests
Waistcoats
Sailor suit
Fashion
Hairstyles
Red
lipstick
Matte
If shine, a dab of petroleum jelly was applied
Lasted a long time
Lip shape was deep, rounded and full
Foundation

Healthy
glow”
Sun
-kissed glow was popular
Pressed powder in a compact
Smoky eye shadow:
Burn a candle under a saucer
Produce a sooty residue which could then be mixed with petroleum jelly
After the war:
Blues and greens
eye shadows
Eye liner
started to be seen on the upper eyelids
Mascara:
Liquid, paste and solid cake formulations, with a little brush.
During the war,
burnt cork
could be used too
Cheek colour:
Rouge
Lipstick
Men used
Vaseline,
grease or lard
Hair grips or bobby pins
Combs and slides
were made from Bakelite to look like tortoiseshell
Bibliography
1.- Victorians
2.- 1920's
3.- 1940's
4.- 1950's
5.- 1970's
6.- 1980's

Female styles
Male styles
Make-up
Tools and aids
Make-up
Colouring

Ribbons
Tied around the head and finished with a
bow
on the top of the head or to the side.
Rats
made of old stockings stuffed with either more old stockings or hair taken from the woman’s hairbrush
Beer or sugar water
was used as setting lotionfor women
Turban
Hairspray
Gel
Hair dryers
Air dryer was invented
Long hair------ Short hair
Light/non make-up------ Red lips

Sexy/rebel------Classy
More femenine look
Experimentation with colour

Classy male hairstyles------ Big male hairstyles
Highlights

Long hair------Big hair
Bigger in all ways
More colourful

Wild hair colour
Many young women in Europe and North America dyed their hair a rich
burgundy or plum-red
in the last half of the decade trying to emulate Molly Ringwald
In powder, gel and cream formulations in compacts, pots and sticks
Quite
natural
All colours
My hairstyle
50's Pin-up
Tools
Bobby pins
Elastic
Hairspray
Hair gel
Headband


1.-Make a traingle since the top of the hair to the hairline
2.-Mark the curl with a hot iron or a straightener
3.-Roll the bangs in a tight curl and keep it with bobby pins
4.- Make a tall pony tail really tight using hair gel
5.- Cover the elastic with your hair and bobby pins
6.- With the pony tail make a lose tall bun
7.-Put the headband on AND READY!
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