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Mansa Musa 2222222222222222

Josh
by

Vi Tran

on 13 December 2012

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Transcript of Mansa Musa 2222222222222222

Niani Timbuktu Cairo Alexandria Mecca Mansa Musa By Vi, Meredith, Josh, and Noah Mali Mansa Musa was born for success in 1280 being Sundiatita's grandnephew. He was the most successful and influential emperor of Mali, a land that at its peak expanded to about the size of western Europe. With success, comes riches. Mansa Musa was easily the richest man on Earth and was best known for his copious amounts of gold. Being heavily Muslim, Mansa Musa brought Islam into society and made it more prominent in Mali. And unlike many of the rulers at the time, he did not force people to convert, but influenced them. Under his rule, Mali was a prosperous empire and was feared by enemies. Mansa Musa ruled with a stern but fair hand. For instance, he let the original leaders of Mali rule as long as they were loyal to him. Through his ruling, he brought stability as well as peace and safety to the Mali. Niani, Mali 1324 Mansa Musa and his large entourage, of 8,000 to 60,000 depending on the source, prepared for Mansa Musa's hajj. Among His Entourage... -Friends
-Family
-Doctors
-Servants
-Princes
-Tribal chiefs
-Governors
-500 Slaves Timbuktu 1324 Mansa Musa heavily influenced Timbuktu. Because of him... -Timbuktu became apart of Mali
-It also became a center for trade, culture, and Islam
-Attracted merchants from other African kingdoms
-A university was founded
-New area for Islamic scholarship
-Attracted Muslim scholars He also spread Islam through western Africa and attracted many Muslim scholars as well as exposed Mali to new religious knowledge. He also built many mosques and Muslim schools after his pilgrimage to Mecca. Because of this, Mali was introduced to Sudano-Sahelian architecture. Cairo Gold! July 1324 Mansa Musa's Legacy Islam requires a Hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca, and Mansa Musa was no exception. His Hajj was talked about for years after it occurred and affected many societies for generations to come. -Established Mali as an economic global power
-Intellectual capital of the world
-attracted students from Europe and Asia
-Partially responsible the awareness of the Sundano-Sahelian Architecture
-Helped spread Islam
-Created one of the most powerful militaries in Africa
-His Hajj caused an inflation and indirectly supplied financial support for the Italian Renaissance
-Established schools
Gold was divided into 100 loads each weighing up to 300 pounds. Additionally, all of the 500 slaves had a staff of gold weighing about 5 pounds. In fact, so much metal came on the pilgrimage that it caused inflation in Cairo and the economy was permanently altered. The Sahara Desert Museum
Exhibit Gold 1324-1325 During Mansa Musa's hajj, large quantities of gold were brought and spent without limitations. Drachmas Golden Staff Jeliw 1324 In 1280, Mansa Musa was born. In 1312, Mansa Musa came to power. In 1324, Mansa Musa left Mali, under his son's rule, to go on his hajj to Mecca. On Mansa Musa's hajj to Mecca in 1324, he started at Niani, then he stopped at Timbuktu, Cairo, and Alexandria, finally arriving in Mecca. The Qur'an The Qur'an represents Mansa Musa's Muslim influence on the rest of Mali through Islam. Alexandria Mecca 1325 -Mansa Musa thought of himself as superior to the Sultan
-At the end his visit, the Sultan gave him a large quantity of gifts as an going away gift. Gifts from the Sultan -large amounts of Drachmas
-baggage camels
-choice riding camels with saddles and harnesses
-large amounts of food
-post-feeding stations Negative Effects in Cairo Mansa Musa presented some problems for Cairo as well. For one, Mansa Musa's copious cargo of gold actually caused inflation and lowered the price of gold from twenty five to barely twenty two drachmas, permanetly 1324 Gao Mansa Musa's gold also caused inflation in Alexandria. These drachmas were part of the sultan's gift to Mansa Musa when he was in Cairo. This is one of the golden staffs from the slaves on Mansa Musa's hajj. This is one of the instuements used by a Griot. In 1325, Mansa Musa soon died after finishing his hajj, but he will always be known as one of the most successful emperors ever. Mansa Musa's Effect on Egypt After Mansa Musa's visit in Egypt, he left an impression on the country due to his copious amounts of gold and unlimited spending. Mali was soon known as an empire of riches. Because of this, many became aware of Mali because it was the place to go to trade merchandise. Here, Mansa Musa goes through the 6 steps of a pilgrimage.
First people would shower and get changed into a ihram, or white cloth.(Kinda like a dress)
Next they do nothing but pray and read the Qur'an.
On the second day they all go to a mountain and pray on its side. They all stand and sit, and this is known as the Day of Arafat
Next they throw pebbles at buildings that resemble Satan and slaughter animals in the name of Abraham.
Finally they all walk around a tent and pray. Mansa Musa's popularity also led to the creation of many maps featuring the emperor. Questions?
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