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The 8 Aspects of Judaism and Islam

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on 4 March 2015

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Transcript of The 8 Aspects of Judaism and Islam

The 8 Aspects of Judaism and Islam
Symbols - Judaism
Sacred Texts
Myths and stories
Judaism
- Creation story
- Abraham

Beliefs
Judaism
- Torah
- Five books of Moses

Islam
- Quaran
Judaism
1. God exists
2. God is one and unique
3. God is spiritual not physical
4. God is eternal
5. Prayer is to be directed to god alone and to no other
6. The words of the prophets are true
7. Moses’ prophecies are true, and Moses was the greatest of the prophets
8. The written and oral Torah were given to Moses by God
9. There will be no other Torah
10. God knows the thoughts and deeds of people
11. God will reward the good and punish the wicked
12. The Messiah will come
13. The dead will be resurrected

Islam

1. One God (allah)
2. Angels of allah
3. Books of allah
4. Prophets of allah
5. Day of judgement
6. Shahada

Rituals
Judaism
Islam
Shabbat
- Jewish day of rest and seventh day of the week, on which religious Jews remember the Biblical creation of the heavens and the earth

Pesach
- A day of festival and celebration commemorating the day in which Jews were liberated by God and set free from slavery
Ramandan (fasting) -

The ninth month in the Islamic calendar. It is a period of prayer, fasting, charity-giving and self-accountability for Muslims
Symbols - Islam
- Tefillin




- Menorah



- Yarnulke

The star





The Crescent

Islam
- Creation story
Ethics
Judaism
Islam
I am YHWH your God:

You shall have no other gods besides me.

You shall not make yourself a graven image.

You shall not take the name of YHWH in vain.

Remember the Sabbath day.

Honor your father and your mother.

You shall not kill.

You shall not commit adultery.

You shall not steal (a person, i.e. kidnap).

You shall not bear false witness.

You shall not covet.
- Shahadah
- Salah
- Zakan
- Sawn
- Hajj


Religious Experience
Judaism
Islam
-Pilgrimage to Makkah
- The western wall
Social Structure
Judaism
Rabbi, leader of the synagogue
Others are regular class,
all believers of a higher
power and no real hierarchy

Islam
No central authorities
Each community has
an Iman who teaches Islam law
Full transcript