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APUSH: The Battle at Antietam
Transcript of APUSH: The Battle at Antietam
The South What was the length of the Battle of Antietam? What was the outcome? Sharpsburg, Maryland When and Where: When: Day 1: September 16, 1862
Was the initial encounter Day 2: September 17, 1862
"The bloodiest day in American military history" Day 3: September 18, 1862
Finalized the overall result of the battle. Where: Sharpsburg, Maryland
Washington County The Battle of Antietam primarily took place at:
Miller's Cornfield, the West Woods, Sunken Road, & Antietam Creek September 16-18, 1862 The Battle of Antietam was less than a month after The Second Battle of Bull Run. The Battle took place 4 days before Lincoln passed the Emancipation Proclamation (Sept. 22, 1862). Day 2 of The Battle of Antietam President Abraham Lincoln
General George B. McClellan
General Joseph Hooker
General Ambrose Burnside Jefferson Davis
General Robert E. Lee
General A.P. Hill ~ General Hooker's men attacked General Robert E. Lee on the left side.
~This battle started the Battle of Antietam ~ Is considered the bloodiest day in American military history. ~ Stonewall Jackson's forces held their position during the chaos at Dunker Church, despite having less men. ~ Sunken Road ~ General Burnside managed to expose the Confederate's right side. ~ A.P. Hill came from Harper's Ferry and drove back Burnside's forces, and saved the day for the Confederates. Winners of the Battle The Emancipation Proclamation Numbers & Figures Total:
Total Dead: Union Confederate 87,000 45,000 2,108 1,546 9,540 7,752 753 1,018 12,401 10,316 Overall Death Toll: 22,717 - The Battle itself could of been considered a tie, but overall the North/Union was considered the strategic winner. - As a result, Lincoln had the victory he needed to pass the Emancipation Proclamation. - The Union Victory provided Lincoln with the Victory he needed to deliver the Emancipation Proclamation - The Emancipation Proclamation declared all slaves in the rebelling states, free. - Changed the war from a politically fueled war to a war motivated by morals.
- This gained foreign support and made the war difficult to abandon. *The death toll is an estimate, it ranges anywhere from 22,000-24,000 Bloody Lane Union Field Hospital Antietam National Cemetery Citations "Battle of Antietam." U*X*L Encyclopedia of U.S. History. Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker and Sarah Hermsen. Vol. 1. Detroit: UXL, 2009. 133-134. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 3 Dec. 2012.
Saving America's Civil War Battlefields: Civil War Trust. HIstory Channel, Google, n.d. Web. 3 Dec. 2012 <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/antietam.html?tab=facts>.
“The Battle of Antietam.” 2012. The History Channel website. Dec 5 2012, 12:58 http://www.history.comhttp://www.history.com/videos/the-battle-of-antietam.
"The Battle of Antietam." National Park Service. National Park Service, n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2012. <http://www.nps.gov/anti/historyculture/upload/Battle%20history.pdf>.