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Music Vocabulary

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by

Sonya Edens

on 7 February 2011

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Transcript of Music Vocabulary

Music Vocabulary What does a staff look like? A staff is the 5 lines and 4 spaces we use to identify pitches (highs and lows that we hear) What is the difference between a barline and a double barline? A barline is just ONE vertical line. In between the barlines is called a MEASURE. A measure is used to keep the beats organized. This is a double barline A double barline has 2 vertical lines that represent the end of a song. Does this look the same as a double barline? What is the difference? 2 dots are added so now it is a repeat sign. A repeat sign tells you to go back and repeat. If you are asked to identify a measure, this is how you can do it. This drawing has a point on each barline to show where the measure is. You can also circle it. What is a time signature? A time signature has 2 numbers. The top number tells us how many beats are in a measure. The bottom number tells us what kind of note equals one beat. We use symbols to tell us how loud or how soft to play or sing the music. Piano in Italian means "softly". When we play or sing something softly, we are very quiet. We use the letter "p" for "piano" Forte in Italian means "loud". We use a fancy letter "f" for "forte" Sometimes when we are singing or playing an instrument, we need to get louder or get softer. That means we will gradually get louder or softer. This is a Crescendo. It means to get louder. Don't get confused! It DOES NOT mean "loud". It means GETTING LOUDER. The key word is "getting" This is a Decrescendo. It means getting softer. Again, it DOES NOT mean "soft". It does mean "GETTING SOFTER" UH OH! I'm afraid your math teacher is going to get mad at me! Let's look at the Crescendo symbol again. What does that symbol mean in math? Hopefully, you said "less than". That is because in math, you are reading the first part of the symbol. The first part you see is the point. In music, we look at the entire symbol, as we read from left to right, the sign gets bigger so we get louder! This is a bass clef. The line in between the 2 dots tells us that line is the note "F". Some people call the bass clef the F clef.

This is a treble clef. The one we use in class the most. Some people call the treble clef the G clef. Listen to this scene from the Lion King. It has many crescendos and decrescendos. Can you hear them? Staccato is used on a note so we have hear a distinct seperation from the notes around it. A dot appears below or above the note, giving it a short sound. Legato is the opposite of staccato. Legato gives a smooth, connecting sound. It looks like this... An accent gives more emphasis on a note. It looks like a decresendo sign. The difference? An accent is placed below or above one note. A decrescendo is placed below a bunch of notes. Ritardando in Italian means to gradually slow down. This is easy to remember. It looks like this... Rit. THE END!
Have a Musical Day!
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