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Aryan Sefidi

on 11 October 2013

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Transcript of Mesotopamia

Irrigated agriculture started from the Zagros foothills with the Samara and Hadji Muhammed culture, in about 5000 B.C.E.
Their crops needed irrigation therefore they built major cities, such as Ur and Uruk along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
Sumerian temples were their form of "banks" and later developed into the first large-scale system for loans and credit.
Actually one of the first people to create wine and beer.
The land increased in salinity as time passed, resulted in urban decline.
Near (Geography)
Between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (Tigris-Euphrates Valley, a land of little rain)
Mountains of Eastern Anatolia (present day Turkey)
Near the Fertile Crescent
Hot, arid climate
South: marshy areas and wide, flat, barren plains
Used irrigation, channeled floodwater into fields
3000 B.C.E.- learned to construct canals for water supply
Grew barley and date palms
Used reeds along river to construct supplies

Law Code of Hammurabi identified 3 classes:
1. Upper class: Royalty, high-ranking officials, warriors, priests, merchants, some artisans and shopkeepers
2. Dependent farmers and artisans; the primary work force
3. Slaves, primarily employed in domestic service
Women lost social status and freedom with the spread of agriculture
Most of food production depended on the physical labor of the men, so bearing and raising children became the primary role of women
Women had a few rights, but men were in charge of politics
For entertainment, people played instruments like harps, and listened to music. Storytelling was common as well, and the popular stories were written down by scribes.
Religion was polytheistic, worshiping 2,100 different deities, associated with a specific city or state
There were temples for worship and prayer
First to be recorded
Universe originated from endless sea
Religion united them
Different parts had minor regional differences
Sumerian people move in: don't have strong central government
Divided into city-states with governors who worked for Mesopotamia's government
Sumerians taken over and Akkadian empire is established (2330 BC)
Assyrians take over (1900 BC)
Hammurabi, the Babylonian king takes control (1792 BC) - first Law Code (mentioned in Social slide)
Babylon loses power after Hammurabi dies, later taken over by Persian Cyrus the Great (550 BC)
Cyrus allows Jewish slaves to return to Israel
Darius I takes over and divides land into states called satraps
Greeks take over during Darius' rule (490 BC)
Alexander the Great took over: Mesopotamia position as a world power over
After Alexander's death, Mesopotamia becomes part of Greek empire.
Oldest examples of writing
Lots of sculptures and paintings
Used the same numeral system as us (60 minute days, 7 day week)
Invented technologies such as metal working and glass sculpting
Origins of philosophies such as ethics and logic
Architecture includes the use of bricks to create temples

By Andre Hou, Caroline Lee, Katie Page, Aryan Sefidi, and Madison Utley
Full transcript