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Transcript of Psychodynamic
Inferiority complex id, ego, superego
personality shaped by childhood
defense mechanisms. Their emphasis However, the theories of these so called neo-Freudians differed in certain respects: acknowledged the conscious mind's a role in interpreting experience and in coping with the environment
doubted human motivation was exclusively sexual or aggressive
underscored social interactions to extend beyond Freud's parent complexes Modern Day Psychodynamic theory The Psychodynamic perspective lives on, primarily of the belief that much of personality originates from the unconscious. While certain theories have been discredited, others have revealed deep insight of how we are the way we are. What now? We will explore several of the most popular Psychodynamic theories that have represented themselves strongly in media and our culture. Inferiority Complex Carl Jung Proposed: Mythology
Jungian Archetypes Collective Unconscious The collective unconscious is a concept, proposed by Jung, that describes a type of universal genetic memory passed down through our ancestry. Like personal unconscious, collective unconscious influences how we act. Collective representations are considered "archaic remnants," or unlearned concepts extant within everyone of a shared society.
Furthermore, images derived from the collective unconscious are considered archetypes, which we will discuss later. Collective Unconscious The theory can be viewed as an umbrella theory that connect biopreparedness and evolutionary adaptation. Essentially, the collective unconsciousness provides one with evolutionary shortcuts. An example of this would be our innate fear of fire.
Two types exist:
Primary Inferiority occurs when a child's weakness or dependency is targeted and emphasized.
Secondary Inferiority occurs when an adult feels unable to accomplish his final subconscious goal that defines his success. Exit Slip Mythology Jung proposes that mythology represents the human psyche as an expression of the unconscious mind. An example of this is the archetype of a hero slaying a dragon, which represents the struggle of adolescence independence over parental dominance. Our feelings of helplessness and weakness from childhood make us strive for superiority and are the driving force of our behavior, thoughts, and emotions. We attempt to overcome the deficiencies we perceive in ourselves. Archetypes Other Archetypes According to Jung, there is a large number of existing archetypes and they usually contain aspects of the four main archetypes. They may also overlap and appear at the same time. Birth Order Activity Adler suggested that firstborns were "dethroned" when a second child was born.
Contemporary psychology theories suggest that birth order influences the Big Five personality traits. (Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism) Alfred Adler was one of the first to suggest that birth order influenced personality traits. First born children tend to be independent and take on leadership
ex. Oprah, Hilary Clinton, Winston Churchill
Last born children are usually the biggest attention seekers and are more outgoing. They also riskier jobs.
ex. Jim Carry, Steve Martin, Eddie Murphy Marlyn Bruno
Tiffany Wong I II III IV IV V Birth Order and Personality From an exclusively Jungian perspective, Sigmund Freud used King Oedipus as which of the following?
A. Inferiority Complex
B. Superiority Complex
C. Personification of the Id
D. Archetype Archetypes: universal models of human behavior and personalities within the collective unconscious The father: a stern, powerful authority figure
The mother: nurturing, comforting
The wise old man: provides guidance and wisdom
The hero: the champion and defender
The maiden: represents innocence and purity
The trickster: a deceiver, trouble maker
The witch: dangerous Four main archetypes:
The Self is the unification of a person’s conscious and unconscious, all that is unique about a human being. Created through a process called individuation, in which the different aspects of personality are integrated
The Shadow is similar to the id; it is the “darker” side of the psyche, consisting of repressed desires, weaknesses, and instincts.
The Animus is the male aspect in the female psyche, while the Anima is the female aspect of the male psyche.
The Persona is the way we present ourselves to the world and represents the various social masks we wear among different groups. The Von Hemmesen family has three minors born in the same year. Zachary usually finishes his homework before the other two. Samuel asks for help least frequently on his homework. Jasmine is most likely to begin a discussion of academics with her siblings. Based on Alfred Alder's theory of birth order and personality, how would the minors most likely correspond with these birth dates?
A. Zachary I. 24 September 1956
B. Samuel II. 5 November 1958
C. Jasmine III. 5 July 1954 A patient in free association recounts the following to his psychologist.
"Doctor, I remember an action figure I at the age of eight wanted of Batman. I was always mesmerized by the persona of this superhero. He was inspirational, you know. However, my mother wouldn't purchase the action figure for me. Nevertheless, I pursued the issue with her, and she chastised that I should have of right to demand the purchase upon my paycheck from an occupation."
Based on this recount and the most applicable psychodynamic perspective, the psychologist would most likely attribute the patient's present excessive strive for superiority over his peers to which of the following?
B. Primary Inferiority
C. Birth Order
D. The Anima "Naturally, every age thinks that all ages before it were prejudiced, and today we think this more than ever and are just as wrong as all previous ages that thought so."
This quotation would most likely be attributed to whom of the following?
A. Sigmund Freud
B. Alfred Adler
C. Carl Jung
D. Karen Horney Which of the following would be a characteristic of the archetype the maiden?