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Ayn Rand and the Russian Revolution

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Bethany Hinkle

on 30 November 2016

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Transcript of Ayn Rand and the Russian Revolution

Ayn Rand
Born in St. Petersburg, Russia, in 1905
Rand was 12 at the time of the Russian Revolution of 1917
O
kay, so here's what happened in Russia!

May 1887 - Lenin's brother (Alexander Ulyanov) is hanged for plotting to kill Czar Alexander III
November 1894 - Czar Alexander III dies and his son (Nicholas II) becomes the ruler of Russia
1903 - The Russian Social-Democratic Labor Party (RSDLP) meeting in which the Party splits into two factions: Mensheviks ("minority") and
Bolsheviks
("majority")
1904-1905: Russia battles with Japan (Russia gets crushed)
January 1905 - Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg
February 1917 - February Revolution (strikes, demonstrations, and mutinies)
March 1917 - Czar Nicholas II steps down, Provisional Government formed
April 1917 - Lenin returns from exile
July 1917 - Lenin forced into hiding
October 1917 - The October Revolution - the Bolsheviks, led by Lenin take over the Winter Palace and now control all of Russia
Bloody Sunday
Rand's family life was disrupted by the rise of the Bolshevik party
Rand immigrated to the U.S. in 1926 at age of 21
Rand went to Hollywood - met and married actor Frank O’Connor in 1929
Married for fifty years until O’Connor’s death
Rand died on March 6, 1982
In 1931, Rand became a naturalized American citizen; she was immensely proud of the United States, saying of her adopted nation, “the United States of America is the greatest, the noblest and, in its original founding principles, the only moral country in the history of the world.”
Important People
Czar Nicholas II
Joseph Stalin
Vladimir Lenin
The Romanovs
Hollywood's Anastasia
The Russian Revolution
October 1905 - The October Manifesto promises civil liberties and an elected parliament
April 1906 - The Fundamental Laws of 1906 (constitution) is created, reflecting the promises made in the October Manifesto
July 1914 - World War I begins
September 1915 - Czar Nicholas II assumes supreme command of the Russian Army
December 1916 - Rasputin is murdered
June 1918 - Russian civil war begins
July 1918 - Czar Nicholas II and his family are executed
November 1920 - Russian civil war ends
April 1922 - Stalin is appointed General Secretary
December 1922 - The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) established
January 1924 - Lenin dies
Time out...
What is Communism?
...sort of
Karl Marx
Father of Communism
he believed private ownership of land should be abolished
he believed in an equal distribution of wealth -- a classless system
he believed in communal life where everyone shares prosperity -- Workers of the World, unite!
Leader of Bolshevik (Communist) Party - adopted ideas of Marx
March 1918 - The Bolshevik Party changes its name to the
Communist
Party
His body is preserved in Moscow
Communist Party needs a new leader...
Published in Great Britain in 1938 and in U.S. in 1946
Based on the idea of communism & the suffering it brings
the society in the novel has no science, independence, choice, or values
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
Born on December 11, 1918, in Kislovodsk, Russia
Fought in World War II
Arrested for criticizing Stalin
spent 11 years in labor camps/exile
One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich published in New World, a leading literary journal in 1962
Based on Solzhenitsyn's own experiences
Describes a day in the life of a Stalin-era inmate
Restrictions on cultural activities reinstated in 1964 - Solzhenitsyn lost government-sanctioned publishing privileges
Won Nobel Prize for Literature in 1970
Did not travel to Stockholm for ceremony for fear of not being readmitted to the Soviet Union when he returned
Charged with treason in 1973 and exiled


1924 - Soviet Union adopts constitution based on
dictatorship
; stipulates public ownership of land and means of production

1928 - government sets goals/priorities for the entire economy
Collectivization
, consolidating individual farm land, begins
Kulaks
, formerly wealthy farmers, killed
May 1945 - Soviet troops capture Berlin

1949 - Soviet Union explodes its first atomic device; recognizes Communist government in China

1950 - Soviet Union and China sign 30-year alliance treaty

1950-53 - Outbreak of Korean war causes relations between the Soviet Union and the West greatly deteriorate

March 1953 - Stalin dies
1936-38 - Discovery of a plot against Stalin's regime headed by Leon Trotsky brings about a large-scale purge
thousands of suspected traitors to Stalin sentenced to death or imprisoned
August 1939 - Soviet Union & Nazi Germany make a non-aggression pact; Germany invades Poland, triggering World War II

April 1941 - Soviet Union & Japan sign a non-aggression pact

June 1941 - Germany invades the USSR
Boris Pasternak
1890-1960

Born into a wealthy family
art, music, literature, philosophy
First passion was music
then philosophy
then decided to become a writer
poetry then novels
Family fled Russia during the Russian Revolution
Pasternak stayed
thought he could find inspiration to write

Stalin's
Censorship
Laws hindered Pasternak's works to be known publically
Secret works made him famous all over

1958 - Pasternak wins Nobel Prize for Literature
U.S.S.R. doesn't allow him to accept it
Full transcript