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Transcript of Migrant Workers
What are the local and global issues concerning the exploitation of migrant workers?
How can we define migrant workers?
To broadly define, a migrant worker is simply one who works outside of his/her home country.
What are the perpetual issues of migrant workers?
Hazardous working conditions
1. Poor nutrition
2. Low-income status
3. Unfamiliarity with culture
4. Lack of sanitation
5. An unawareness
Migrant Workers in Southwest Florida
"Today, Immokalee is comprised primarily of Hispanics and Latinos, who make up 73 percent of the population; “some other race” is 41.3 percent; whites are 27 percent; and blacks are 22.1 percent. Only a third of Immokalee’s residents is a high school graduate or higher, compared with a national average of 85 percent. A third of families are also below the poverty level; nationally that figure is 10 percent."
-New York Times
A Closer Look...
"The study concentrates on the Homestead–Immokalee corridor of South Florida where, during the peak of the harvest from October to May, more than 20,000 Mexican farmworkers participate in the agricultural industry. The study found that in 2010, farmers in Florida sold agricultural commodities for more than $7.6 billion, creating a positive direct and indirect impact on the state's economy."
Gaytan, Jose A., Mexican Migrant Farmworkers’ Impact on South Florida: A Case Study in the Context of US-Mexican Relations" (2013).Open Access Dissertations.Paper 968.
Is it really worth it?
What's being done?
Coalition of Immokalee Workers
Fair Food Program
Campaign for Fair Food
Taking a global stance
According to the International Labour Organization:
-As of 2014, there were an estimated 232 million international migrants in the world.
The rural workforce in China surged to 261.6 million as of 2012. The number of migrant workers who left the countryside in search for jobs in cities reached 163.36 million, accounting for 12.6 percent of China's total population.
Migrant workers comprise 94% of all its workers and 86% of its total population of 2 million.
The International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) estimates that around 500,000 to 1 million additional foreign construction workers will be required to help build an estimated US$220 billion worth of hotels, stadiums, other facilities, and infrastructure by 2022.
There is a total of 5.31 million migrant workers as of 2012, and this makes up 40% of the workforce.
The largest of cities generate enormous amounts of income, yet perpetually impose high taxes in accompany with low wages on the copious amounts of migrant workers in its country.
Lack of agreement
Business and consumer needs
Ideas of success
Inform the public on the dangers and harsh conditions in which migrant workers endure.
This will result in:
Living conditions improved
Increase political involvement and awareness in order for better policies to be put into place.
Lower the cost of living
Create worker's rights
Well-known businesses shall come together and find ways to benefit the migrant workers by managing to provide them with a larger income.
Paying more for products
Awareness of the origin of products
Establish more non-profit organization groups, emulating the Coalition of Immokalee Workers.
Aid in access to food, places to sleep, heal, etc.
Provide free supplies
Expand the Coalition of Immokalee Workers
With the government's more interactive involvement, the lives of the migrant workers will better drastically. This involvement will lead to an enforcement, and that enforcement will need to be monitored in order to best improve their lives.
What to do?
Create new policies.
Improve and stricken existing policies.
Random inspections by the National Center for Farm Workers.
Ensure a higher income housing facility.
Implement laws ending the workers' abuse.
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"The Migrant/Seasonal Farmworker." The Migrant/Seasonal Farmworker. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
Rubi, Debora. "Finding a Home to Florida's Migrant Workers." News Reporting and the Internet. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
Fahnestock, Julie. "Justmeans." Fair Wages for Florida's Tomato Farm Workers: CIW's Fair Food Agreement Is Transforming the Food Industry. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
Agunias, Dovelyn R. "Top 10 of 2013 – Issue #10: Qatar's Treatment of Migrant Workers Is Under the Spotlight Ahead of 2022 FIFA World Cup." Migrationpolicy.org. N.p., 10 Dec. 2013. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
"About CIW." Coalition of Immokalee Workers. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
Mascia, Jennifer. "Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Immokalee, Fla." Mark Bittman Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Immokalee Fla Comments. N.p., 15 June 2011. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
Bauer, Mary. "Migrant Tomato Workers Face Chronic Issues." Southern Poverty Law Center. N.p., 15 Apr. 2008. Web.
Bier, David. "Low-Skilled Immigrant Workers Are Vital Contributors To The Economy." Forbes. Forbes Magazine, n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
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"The Centre on Migration, Policy and Society (COMPAS)." COMPAS: The Economics and Politics of Migrant Rights. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
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Eliminate Encouraging Factors
Promote economic development and good governance in countries where workers are emigrating, particularly Latin America to get rid of the push-pull factors that encourage illegal immigration.