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Antigone

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by

Jenna Ludwig

on 19 March 2013

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Transcript of Antigone

ANTIGONE HISTORICAL CONTEXT PLOT CHARACTERIZATION SETTING POINT OF VIEW AUTHOR'S STYLE LITERARY DEVICES THEME Antigone Creon Ismene Haemon "Seven captains marshaled at seven gates seven against their equals, gave their brazen trophies up to Zeus" The repetition of the number seven could be an allusion to another play in the Oedipus trilogy "Seven Against Thebes" so the repetition of the word seven may also be an allusion to them. This creates a violent mood as the Chorus who said this line usually foreshadows future events. The audience, who already has an idea of the main ideas of the legend, is slowly becoming more aware of the fate that awaits Antigone. "You're wrong from the start, you're off on a hopeless quest". Ismene tells Antigone about her actions and how they will not be fruitful. This line could possibly foreshadow certain events in Antigone's life, most likely a negative event. As true with most tragedies, the audience is aware throughout of the end results and the journey is what captivates them. This foreshadowing conveys the dark tone and immediately hints at what is to come. Antigone has a strong sense of family. She holds on to treating her family with respect even after the devastation that they brought upon themselves. Her drive can be considered alienating because she turns against the wishes of her uncle Creon, but her actions are vindicated because she is doing what she believes is right. She is brave and rebellious in the face of authority, and she has a strong set of morals. Creon is Antigone's elderly uncle who becomes ruler of Thebes after the deaths of Polynices and Eteocles. He is ruthless in his rule and is obsessed with law, order, and the authority of his kingship. His values place his own pride above the Gods' wishes, and because of this he suffers the death of his wife and son. Antigone's foil, Ismene is terrified of defying power. Essentially an anti-feminist and opposite to Antigone, Ismene believes a woman's place is below men. This is why she refuses to assist in Antigone's plot and is spared when the time for persecution comes. Though she says she wants to die when Antigone does, Antigone views this as empty and hollow. Haemon is not present in to play for a very long time but he is an important catalyst in the events that unfold. He is engaged to marry Antigone and defends her actions to Creon when the topic is brought up. he is clearly devoted to her in defending her, but the anger in Creon caused by the discussion may have been a cause for Antigone's sentencing and Haemon's demise. GREECE: 441 BC ~Polytheism and anthropomorphism

~Religion was taken very seriously

~Superstitions, oracles, sacred rites, and rituals played a large role in life

~Sophocle's home, Athens, was a hub of democracy, art, and literature GREEK THEATRE ~Was not intended as storytelling or
as entertainment

~Served to show the morals of myths already
known by the audience

~Was performed during annual festivals
in large open-air arenas

~Actors wore masks

~The Chorus was a group of 15 members which served as a link between the audience and the stage ~Antigone and Ismene lament her unfortunate family history
~Oedipus's killing his father and marrying his mother, and then his exile and death
~Her brothers Eteocles and Polynices' death at each other's hands
~The king, Creon (Antigone's uncle), has forbidden Polynice's body to be given ceremonial rites because he thought him a traitor against thebes ~Antigone vows to bury him, but Ismene refuses
to break Creon's law ~Creon later discovers from a guard that someone tried to give full burial rites to the body
~Shows his temper by threatening the guard who tells of the incident
~Rants about the importance of law, order, and kingship, and then vows to find whoever buried Polynices ~The Chorus uses imagery to show man's achievements and man's potential for evil

~The guard later returns with news that he has found the culprit

~To Creon's disbelief, his niece Antigone was the one caught, and he is surprised when she refuses to deny her guilt and instead defies him to his face

~Creon sentences both Antigone and Ismene to death ~Haemon, Creon's son and Antigone's fiance, tries to argue against his father

~Haemon flees the palace, and Creon feels some sympathy; he lets Ismene go and decides to imprison Antigone until her death

~Antigone is ushered into her prison by the Chorus, as Antigone makes a final speech of defiance Hubris C: "Did thou, then , dare to disobey these laws? A:Yes, for it was not Zeus who gave them forth,
Nor Justice, dwelling with the Gods below
Who traced these laws for all the sons of men Family loyalty vs. Law C: And, as I said, without delay immure
In yon cavernous tomb, and then depart A: We, taught by suffering, own that we have sinned;
But if they sin, I pray they suffer not
Worse evils than the wrong they do to me
THE THEBAN PLAYS ~Antigone was written first of three plays, though it is chronologically last
~Oedipus was King of Thebes, who ruled after defeating the Sphinx
~Unknowingly murdered his father and married his mother, Jocasta (Creon's Sister)
~Children/Half-Siblings include Antigone, Ismene, Polynices, and Eteocles ROLE OF WOMEN IN GREECE ~Women were expected to play a domestic role, and rarely participated in school or politics

~Sparta was a unique exception ~The blind prophet Tiresias warns Creon of bad omens, demanding he set Antigone free

~Though Creon refuses at first, the Chorus convinces him to listen to Tiresias ~Later, a messengers sends news from the palace to the Chorus

~It is discovered that Antigone hangs herself and Haemon commits suicide beside her

~Creon mourns for his son, and then hears that his wife, Eurydice slits her throat out of grief

~Creon wishes for a swift death "The toughtest will is first
To break: like hard untempered steel
Which straps and shivers at touch when fresh
From off the forge." "O Anarchy! There is no greater curse
Than anarchy. It topples cities down
It crumbles homes. It shatters allied ranks
In broken flight, which discipline kept whole--
For discipline preserves and orders well." Not Clear... There's many different translations,
each a little bit different When man perceives himself to be above
Full transcript