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Transcript of The Amendments
No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
The Second Amendment [II]
The Third Amendment [III]
The Fifth Amendment [V]
“No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.”
Monday, September 25, 2017
The First Amendment [I]
The Sixth Amendment [VI]
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.
The Fourth Amendment [IV]
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
The Seventh Amendment [VII]
In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
The Eighth Amendment [VIII]
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
Bill Of Rights
1st 10 Amendments.
- written by James Madison
- 12 amendments were proposed in 1789. Of those, 10 were quickly ratified in
- Articles of Confederation (1777) gave the states too much power...
- Constitution was created (1788) to give power to a centralized government.
- BoR was created to provide protection for individual liberties and to place limits on government power.
The Ninth Amendment [IX]
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
- means that just because there are specific rights written in the Constitution, it doesn't mean that they are the only rights
The Tenth Amendment [X]
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.
Prohibits federal courts from hearing cases lodged against a state by a citizen of another state
- very wordy
- meant to fix Electoral College
- essentially makes VP be of the same party as President
- Except as punishment for criminal offense, forbids forced-slavery and involuntary servitude.
- if you're born here, you're a U.S. citizen and a citizen of the state you were born in
*** Banished Slavery ***
- All persons born in the United States... excluding Indians not taxed.... are citizens and are to be given full and equal benefit of all laws.
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
* women did not yet have full citizenship *
- gives Congress the right to tax citizens based on income
- allows for voters to elect
- State Legislature previously chose Senators (indirect Democracy)
Alcoholic beverages cannot be made, shipped out, shipped in, sold, or bought.
- moved the beginning and ending of the terms of the President and Vice President to January 20, and of members of Congress to January 3
- Congress will meet at least once a year and the date is Jan. 3
- soon to be VP will become President in case of elected/soon to be President dies
- 18th Amendment is repealed
- gives power back to the states regarding alcohol
- No person can be elected as President more than twice
- no person shall be President for more than 10 years
- Washington D.C. is not a state, yet it shall have equal representation in the electoral college as if it were a state,
meaning those in D.C. can vote for the President and V.P.
- there will be no taxing or payment regulations regarding voting
- previously, in many southern states if you were poor and could/would not pay the poll tax then you could not vote
- if President dies, resigns, or is incapacitated, V.P. becomes President
- The now President will choose a V.P. to be approved by congress
- and then confusion ensues
- If you're 18, you can vote
- If the salary for Congress members is changed, then the salary change will not take effect until the next election.
"The Constitution preserves the advantage of being armed which Americans possess over the people of almost every other nation where the governments are afraid to trust the people with arms." ~James Madison
- a formal charge or accusation that a person has committed a crime
* Some states required land ownership to vote until 1856