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Left Realism and Criminology

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by

Molly Paechter

on 5 February 2016

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Transcript of Left Realism and Criminology

Definition

Left realism is the leftist approach to law and order. It is different to right realism, as it focuses on tackling the causes of crime as well as punishment
Relative deprivation
Marginalisation and social exclusion
Subculture
Social Exclusion
Definition:
'happens when people or places suffer from a series of problems such as unemployment, discrimination, poor skills, low incomes, poor housing, high crime, ill health and family breakdown'.

Relation to Deviance:
People who feel excluded may then turn to crime as a way of dealing with their situation or as a way of being able to take part in society.


Influence of left realism on government policy
Left realists believe the public should be more involved in determining police priorities and policing style. Policy about police strategies will be influenced by governments that take this approach.

Example: Nottinghamshire police Neighbourhood Priority Survey allows members of the public to input what they think should be a priority for the police to tackle in terms of crime and anti-social behaviour.
Bibliography
https://www.boundless.com/sociology/textbooks/boundless-sociology-textbook/social-change-21/social-movements-140/relative-deprivation-approach-771-1936/
http://www.educationscotland.gov.uk/crimeandlaw/causes/social%20exclusion.asp

Relative Deprivation
Definition:
The experience of being deprived something (wealth, status, opportunity etc.) that you believe you are entitled to.
Relation to Deviance:
If you are affected by relative deprivation you may act in devious ways to achieve what you believe you are entitled to.



Left Realism and Criminology
Influence of left realism on government policy
Left realists believe that vulnerable groups should be protected from being victims and perpetrators of crime as they recognise that inequality is a cause of crime.
Example: “Challenge it, Report it, Stop it- the Government's plan to tackle hate crime” 2012 – focuses on preventing, increased reporting and access to support, and an improved response.
Influence of left realism on government policy
Another example of protecting vulnerable groups from crime is young people getting involved with gangs and gang violence
Example: HM Government “Safeguarding children and young people who may be affected by gang activity” 2010 – support and interventions
Influence of left realism on government policy
“Ending gang and youth violence- a cross-government report” 2011
Family-nurse partnerships for vulnerable pregnant young women who were involved in crime
MST / Multi systematic therapy – by 2014 will be reaching around 1200 troubled families in 25 areas
Gang injunctions
Gang Action Groups- The Enfield and Haringey Gang Action Groups (GAG) were set up in 2009 following several gang related murders involving groups of youths from different gangs in both places. Every month representatives from police, probation, youth offending services, housing, children’s services, education welfare, schools and community representatives meet together to discuss about 30 of the highest risk gang members aged from 14 to 25. Cases can be referred to the GAG by any agency and are selected on the basis of the risk of the individual as either a perpetrator or victim of gang violence.
Richard Kinsey
Richard Kinsey was born in Cheshire in 1948. He was an author to many books such as, 'Losing the Fight Against Crime' and 'Police Powers and Politics' (alongside Robert Baldwin).

His work was mainly produced in the late 1970s to 80s whilst working as a lecturer at the University of Edinburgh.
Whilst working, he helped form a brand of analysis called Social Realism, which became particularly influential on policies covering child criminals.
Kinsey was also active within the National Council for Civil Liberties during the miners' strike of 1984/5.
Subculture
Definition:
a subculture is a group of people within a culture that differentiates itself from the parent culture to which it belongs

Relation to Deviance:
Criminal subculture differentiates itself by solving problems that might be caused by relative deprivation and social exclusion illegally, becoming involved in it may lead to criminal behaviour
http://www.neighbourhoodprioritysurvey.co.uk/
https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/97849/action-plan.pdf
https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/288804/Safeguarding_children_Gang_activity.pdf
Influence of left realism on government policy
Rehabilitation of prisoners is an effort to tackle prevent crime and what causes people to reoffend
https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/449347/reducing-reoffending-in-adults.pdf
Norway is an example of a country that prioritizes rehabilitation over punishment in its prison system, which has proven successful in that case as it has one of the lowest recidivism rates in the world at 20%.
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