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Transcript of Vienna
Secessionist & Political Architecture
Red Vienna Architecture
Period by the socialist reformers' desire to alleviate public housing shortages, a grinding social problem of the years between world wars.
In the 1st century, the Romans ruled the area as a military camp, Vindobona.
The Romans stayed until the 5th century. Settlements stayed around the Roman walls. After the 5th century, the Lombards controlled the area along with the Slavs and Avars later.
The most popular earliest known architecture in Vienna was known as Gothic Buildings. Dating all the way back to the 1300's
Buildings that resembled enormous hallways and aisles of the same height.
The most popular of this style is the first incarnation in the St. Stephan Cathedral
The 19th century was a time for rebellion against the pomp and formality of older architecture styles
Otto Wagner published
Moderne Architektur, He argued for the return of more natural and functional architecture forms
As a result to Otto Wagners argument the Art Nouveau (or specifically to Vienna Secessionist) was established.
Joseph Hoffman & Adolf Loos
These men promoted the use of glass, steel and aluminum in the architecture world in Vienna
Most of contemporary Vienna found their work shocking.
Michaelerplatz Building was Loos' most controversial design, it was said to have total lack of ornamentation
Modern Day Architecture
History (Medieval Times)
Duke Henry II made Vienna the capitol of Austria in 1155
In 1156, Vienna became the seat of the duke. This is when
, a Roman Catholic monastery, was founded for the Irish monks that Duke Henry II brought over from his previous residence.
In 1221, Vienna became a city and a stable port. This produced a stable economy in Vienna, and made the city a middleman in trade since all merchants that came through had to trade in the city.
Momument of Duke Henry II
First Incarnation, St. Stephan's Cathedral
The secession architects just benefits from technology and materials that became avalible after the Industrial Revolution
Red Vienna Socialist Housing
An apartment house in Vienna, Austria
Built by Freidensreich Hundertwasser with the help of architect Joseph Krawina
It is known as an expressionist landmark
Designed as modern architecture and one of Vienna's most popular tourist attractions.
Second tallest building and fouth tallest structure in Austria
Designed by Gustav Peich, Boris Podreca and Rudolf Weber
The tower has both residential and commercial purposes
The structure is a fully glazed cylinder supported by a steel compostie structure
St. charles Church
Built in 1715
Emperor Charles VI would dedicated the church to the Italian Bishop St. Charles who minister for the Milanese Plague Victims.
Inside the church is Greek influence
St. Francis of Assisi Church
Named after an Italian Catholic friar and preacher
Located in Mexicoplatz in Vienna's second District
Built between 1898 and 1910
Study in Akademie Vienna from 1853-1860
In addition spent two years at a workshop with a sculptor name Josef Cesar and
received a scholarship to go to Dresden
Germany to work with Ernst Julius
"Goddess of Wisdom"
Stands in front of the
Parliment Wien building
Statue was Bulit 1893-1902
presented in 1889
Located at the
Vienna was home to Viennesse Classicism, classical music such as Beethoven and Haydn that originated in Vienna
Originated in the late 19th century and is still currently played
Name comes from the musicians Josef and Joannesn
By World War II, the city of Vienna was controlled by 4 powers, USA, UK, France and the Soviet Union (Russia).
This ended in 1955 when all four powers gave up their share of Austria and Austria declared permanent neutrality.
Name devirived from Latin for Ireland; "Scotia Major".
Provided a library, a hospice and senior home, architects, priests and it educated men.
Also was involved with the University of Vienna
Represents the last Holy Roman Emperor:ruled Bohemia, Hungary, Germany, and Austria.
Created between 1824-1846
These 4 composers worked in Vienna between 1750-1825
Franz Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig Van Beethoven, Franz Shubert.
Born in Salsburg, moved to Vienna when he was 25
Famous works- Flute Concerto No. 2 in D major- k.314
Piano Concerto No. 24 in C minor- k.491
17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827
Born in Germany.
Vienna is the last great capitol of the 19th century balls
They usually last from 9pm to 5 am
Entertainment includes opera singers, dancers and usually held in beautiful venues (ie: Hofburg Palace)
: evening dress;
Males: white tie and coat tails
Females: floor length evening gowns
: Annual Austrian Social event. Occurs on Thursday after Ash Wednesday
Held in the State Opera Building
First Opera Ball held in 1935
Life Ball (AIDS Charity Event)
Sigmund Freud and Dreams
• Born Sigismund Schiomo Freud; May 6, 1856 –September 23, 1939
• An Austrian neurologist who became known as the founding father of psychoanalysis
• In creating psychoanalysis (a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialog between a patient and a psychoanalyst
1. He developed therapeutic techniques such as the use of free association (in which patients report their thoughts without reservation and in whichever order they spontaneously occur)
2. He discovered transference (The process in which patients displace onto their spontaneously occur) establishing its central role
• In his later work, Freud drew on psychoanalytic theory to develop a wide-ranging interpretation and critique of religion and culture
• Freud’s work has, suffused contemporary thought and popular culture to the extent that in 1930 W. H. Auden wrote, in a poem dedicated to him: “to us he is no more a person/now but a whole climate of opinion/ under whom we conduct our different lives”.
Technisches Museum Wien:
• German for Vienna Technical Museum
• Museum opened in 1918
• Exhibition categories include:
1. Mature and knowledge
5. Heavy industry: Mining iron and steel
7. Mass Production
• Luxury goods
• Everyday life
8. Communications and information media
9. Musical instruments
11. Basic research
The Naturhistorisches Museum
The Kunsthistorisches Museum
The Judisches Museum Wien
• A museum of Jewish history, life, and religion in Austria
• Highlights the past and present of Jewish history
• First Jewish museum in Vienna
• Founded in 1896
• It was the first Jewish museum in the world of its sort
• Supported and run by the “Society for the Collection and Preservation of Artistic and Historical Memorials of Jewry”
• German for natural history museum and museum of art history
• Earliest collections were begun over 250 years ago
• Today collections on display cover 94,000 sq. ft.
• As of 2011 the museums house approx. 30 Million objects and is still growing.
• Museums opened in 1889 at the same time
• The two museums have identical exteriors and face each other
• Both buildings were built between 1872 and 1891 according to plans drawn up by Gottfried Semper and Karl Freiherr von Hasenauer.
University Of Vienna
Location: Hofburg vienna in a courtyard
Duke Rudolph IV in 1365
92,000 students enrolled
Catholic and protestant theology, law, economics, social science, education,
mathematics, physics, and much more...
“The Golden Age, 1815-1914, Vienna Vienna” by William M. Johnston
Born in Saltrio close to Milan on 1790 and died in 1858 in Milan. Went to the Academy of fin arts in Milan. went to Rome in 1804 to study how to become a sculptor under Canova. Became a professor at the academy for sculpting.
Was called to Vienna by Prince Maximilion Franz of Austria in 1787 where he met Motzart and became very popular there.
Franz Schubert (1797-1828)
Born in Vienna
Stareted off as a teacher, later became a freelance composer
Famous works- Fifth symphony
Franz Joseph Haydn
is remembered as first area symphonist and composer
who essentially invented the string quartet
influenced Mozart, Beethoven and many others