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10 Most Important Events leading Up to Confederation
Transcript of 10 Most Important Events leading Up to Confederation
1864 George Brown, leader of the Clear Grits, suggested the formation of a coalition government (Which is the joining of one or more political parties in and emergency) in order to get past political deadlock. 5. Threat of American Takeover
1865 From 1861 to 1865, the Americans fought a civil war. The Northern states fought the South, but in the end, the North won. However, Britain had supported the South. The British North American colonies were worried that America would attack them as revenge against Britain. Also, the Americans believed in Manifest Destiny (Where they believed they should own all of North America. This concerned the BNA colonies because it gave the Americans another reason to attack them). 2. The Charlottetown Conference
September 1864 The Maritime colonies originally organized this conference to discuss a Maritime Union, but Canada East and Canada West sent delegates to convince them that a union of all the colonies would be better. The Maritime delegates were persuaded to come to another conference at Quebec later in October. 3. The Quebec Conference
October 1864 Delegates from every colony came to Quebec to discuss a union of every colony. In this conference, the politicians agree that they must have a powerful central government. They work out a plan called the Seventy-Two Resolutions. 6. End of the Reciprocity Treaty
1865 The Americans announced that they were going to end the Reciprocity Treaty between itself and the BNA colonies. The Treaty stated that certain goods would be able to pass between their borders with no tariffs. Once this was ended, the BNA colonies had nobody to trade with except themselves. They believed a union would allow easier inter colonial trade. 7. Fenian Invasion
1866 On May 31, 1866, a group of Irish Americans called Fenians attacked Canada West. They intend to free Ireland from British rule, but first to take down their colonies and create "New Ireland". However, they are fought off for the time being. The raids frightened citizens and they thought that Confederation would increase defense. 8. The London Conference
1866-7 Delegates from the BNA colonies travel to London, England to discuss a Confederation bill. They take the best features of the British and American governments and combine them. 9. British North America Act
1867 The BNA Act is introduced in the British government. It is the revised version of the 72 Resolutions. July 1st is when it is to come into effect. The Act is now known as the Constitution Act 1867. The Act is the official creation of the Dominion of Canada. 10. Confederation
1867 Confederation is won and the Dominion of Canada is created on July 1st, 1867. 4. Canadian/American Tension
1864 During the American Civil War, a group of soldiers from the Southern states attack the Northern states then escape into the BNA colonies. The Northern states took this as a sign of opposition. The BNA colonies were worried that they'd be attacked, so a union would make them stronger.