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Wikipedia - The Information Life Cycle

Contexts Final Presentation - Fall 2012

Kara Scott

on 4 December 2012

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Transcript of Wikipedia - The Information Life Cycle

Create Find Use Transform Understand Curate 5 Pillars of Wikipedia How is information on Wikipedia Transformed? Wikipedia is an encyclopedia.

Editors should interact with each other in a respectful and civil manner.
Wikipedia does not have firm rules. Wikipedia is written from a neutral point of view.
Wikipedia is free content that anyone can edit, use, modify, and distribute. Who: Anyone*
What: ?
When: Anytime
Where: Anywhere
How: ? How (The Easy Answer) 3 Ways to create content Scratch
Article Wizard
User Space How (The Better Answer) Talk Pages Revision History What The Rules Neutral point of view
No self-documentation
There are no rules! What Wikipedia: the Information Life Cycle How is the Information on Wikipedia understood? Is Wikipedia understood to be an encyclopedia?

If not, what is it?

How has the perception of Wikipedia changed since its invention? Links Searches Organizational Systems Discuss improvements
Controversial issues
"Frankenstorm" Immediate Archive
Prevent vandalism Unique Content Gender Bias
Duchess Kate's wedding dress vs 90 Linux distribution articles Three types:
Red links Gender Bias
Duchess Kate's wedding dress vs 90 Linux distribution articles
Imagined Community
Top 10 versions Criticisms - Lack of an authoritative author

- The rise of the amateur

- Lack of true editorial board

- Never complete

- Constantly changing Principle Findings Can we trust the 'Wisdom of Crowds'? - Democratization of information

- Use of Web 2.0 tools

"By treating Wikipedia as a positive phenomenon and an accurate source of information, the five US newspapers have helped to legitimize the online encyclopedia...Readers who see such citations are likely to embrace Wikipedia as a valid source of information themselves." --Messner & South, 2010 Transformation occurs in the space between creation and curation.
Information is constantly removed, added, and edited by users.
The process of change on Wikipedia is not always a steady refinement towards perfection.
Due to any users’ ability to modify the site’s informational content, existing information can be lost, corrupted, or intentionally dishonest. •Creating an article does not imply a user is responsible for most of the information.
•“The creation process is continuous and can go on for a very long time…when, if ever, can an article be considered complete?”
•This constant state of incompleteness distinguishes Wikipedia from traditional print encyclopedias. Reverts and Edit Wars •Reverting to previous versions of an article is a common tool for combating online vandalism, as well as a frequent weapon utilized in heated debates.
• Through mutual reverts to previous versions of text, a page can undergo rapid transformation back and forth between different informational content.
•The higher the level of controversy associated with the topic, the less likely the article will reach a state of consensus. Janitors of Information •There is a hierarchy of truthfulness pertaining to references on Wikipedia, with established forms of media highly superseding participatory forms of online media.
•There is a common trend of “professionalization,” in which editors frequently return to older articles they worked on earlier in their voluntary career as a Wikipedian and supplement the content with improved references. Information Trolls Standard Booleans
Wikipedia unique tools
External search engines Lists
Featured Content http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia_talk:Articles_for_creation/Enver_Carim Wikimedia's Mission: Empower and engage people around the world to collect and develop educational content and either publish it under a free license or dedicate it to the public domain.
Disseminate this content effectively and globally, free of charge. Pew Internet and American Life Project Terms of Use Is Wikipedia an Encyclopedia? Users Are Free To: - By end of the 19th c. the encyclopedia was standardized.

- Contents arranged alphabetically

- Articles written by specialists Read and print articles and other media free of charge.
Share and reuse articles and other media under free and open licenses.
Contribute to and edit Wikimedia's various sites and projects. "[Wikipedia] revels in its lack of authority..."--Andrew Keen Under the Following Conditions: Responsibility - You take responsibility for your edits (since Wikimedia only hosts your content).
Civility - You support a civil environment and do not harass other users.
Lawful Behavior - You do not violate copyright or other laws.
No Harm - You do not harm our technology infrastructure.
Terms of Use and Policies - You adhere to the Terms of Use and to the applicable community policies when you visit our sites or participate in our communities. With the Understanding That: You License Freely Your Contributions - you generally must license your contributions and edits to our sites or Projects under a free and open license (unless your contribution is in the public domain).
No Professional Advice - the content of articles and other projects is for informational purposes only and does not constitute professional advice. Common trolling behavior:
Repeatedly inserting text that violates policies.
Registering derogatory user names.
Renaming articles to random names.
Inserting intentionally misleading, wrong, or irrelevant information.
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