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Xenia Marin

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of Shanghai


The two Chinese characters in the city's name are ' ' (Shàng - "above") and ' ' (hai - "sea"), together meaning "Upon-the-Sea".
There are disputes as to exactly how the name should be interpreted, but Chinese historians have concluded that during the Tang Dynasty Shanghai was literally on the sea, hence the origin of the name.The city also has various nicknames in English, including "Pearl of the Orient" and "Paris of the East"
During the Song Dynasty
(AD 960–1279)
Shanghai was
upgraded in
status from a
village to a
market town in 1074
During the Ming Dynasty,
a city wall was built for the first time in 1554
to protect the town
from raids by
Japanese pirates.
It measured 10
metres (33 feet)
high and 5 kilometres
(3 miles) in circumference.
1734 Shanghai had become the major trade port for all of the
lower Yangtze River region, despite still
being at the lowest administrative level in the political hierarchy.
During the First Opium War (1839–1842), British forces occupied the city.
The war ended with the 1842 Treaty of Nanjing, which allowed the British to dictate opening the treaty ports, Shanghai included, for international trade.
The Chinese-held old city of Shanghai fell to the rebels of the Small Swords Society in 1853
In 1854, the Shanghai Municipal Council was created to manage the foreign settlements.
In the 1920s and 1930s, almost 20,000 White Russians and Russian Jews fled the newly established Soviet Union and took up residence in Shanghai.
By 1932, Shanghai
had become
the world's
fifth largest
city and home to 70,000 foreigners.
Under the Republic of China (1911–1949), Shanghai's political status was finally raised to that of a municipality on 14 July 1927.
The Battle of Shanghai in 1937 resulted in the occupation of the Chinese administered parts of Shanghai outside of the International Settlement and the French Concession.
After 1949, most foreign firms moved their offices from Shanghai to Hong Kong, as part of a foreign divestment due to the Communist
On 27 May 1949, the People's Liberation Army took control of Shanghai.
Shanghai sits on the Yangtze River Delta on China's eastern coast
The vast majority of Shanghai's 6,340.5 km2 (2,448.1 sq mi) land area is flat, apart from a few hills in the southwest corner, with an average elevation of 4 m (13 ft).
The city has many rivers, canals, streams and lakes and is known for its rich water resources as part of the Taihu drainage area.
Shanghai has a humid subtropical climate and experiences four distinct seasons.
The city is also susceptible to typhoons in summer and the beginning of autumn, none of which in recent years has caused considerable damage.
Like virtually all governing institutions in mainland China, the politics of Shanghai is structured in a dual party-government system,[44] in which the Communist Party Chief, officially termed the Communist Party of China Shanghai Municipal Committee Secretary (currently Han Zheng), outranks the Mayor (currently Yang Xiong).
The 2010 census put Shanghai's total population at 23,019,148, a growth of 37.53% from 16,737,734 in 2000.
Sleeping over night due to jetlag
98.8% of Shanghai's residents are of the Han Chinese ethnicity, while 1.2% belong to various minority groups
Shanghai Municipal Statistics Bureau, there were 152,050 officially registered foreigners in Shanghai as of 2009, an increase of 50% from 100,011 in 2005
The three largest foreign nationalities were Japanese (31,490), American (21,284) and Korean (20,700).
only show officially registered residents and that the actual number of foreign citizens living in Shanghai is likely much higher
The life expectancy of Shanghai's registered residents in 2010 reached 82.13 years (79.82 for men and 84.44 for women), the highest in mainland China and higher than all but a few countries in the world
In the same year, the maternal mortality rate in Shanghai was 9.61 per 100,000, while the infant mortality rate dropped to 5.97 per 1,000 from 6.58 in 2009
Due to the combination of high life expectancy and low fertility rate, there is a serious aging problem among Shanghai's registered residents: as of 2009 only 8.3% of the total were under the age of 14, while 22.54% were over 60.
Taoism has a presence in Shanghai in the form of several temples, including the City God Temple, at the heart of the old city, and a temple dedicated to the Three Kingdoms general Guan Yu.
The Wenmiao is a temple dedicated to Confucius. Buddhism has had a presence in Shanghai since ancient times.
Longhua temple, the largest temple in Shanghai, and Jing'an Temple, were first founded in the Three Kingdoms period.
Another important temple is the Jade Buddha Temple, which is named after a large statue of Buddha carved out of jade in the temple.
A predominant religion in Shanghai is Mahayana Buddhism, and Taoism is also followed by many Shanghai residents
Islam came into Shanghai 700 years ago and a mosque was built in 1295 in Songjiang.
Shanghai has the highest Catholic percentage in Mainland China (2003)
Christianity in Shanghai includes Eastern Orthodox minorities and, since 1996, registered Christian Protestant churches.
During World War II thousands of Jews descended upon Shanghai in an effort to flee Hitler's regime. The Jews lived side-by-side in a designated area called Shanghai Ghetto and formed a vibrant community centered on the Ohel Moishe Synagogue
Shanghai has one of the best education systems in China
Shanghai has more than 930 kindergartens, 1,200 primary and 850 middle schools. Over 760,000 middle schools students and 871,000 primary school students are taught by 76,000 and 64,000 teaching staff respectively
Shanghai is a major center of higher education in China with over 30 universities and colleges.
In 2010, Shanghai took the top spot in the latest round of the most comprehensive assessment of the world's state schools. According to Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) results, Shanghai students, including migrant children, scored highest in every aspect (Math, Reading and Science) in the world. The study also claimed that public-funded schools in Shanghai have the highest educational quality in the world.
Shanghai has an extensive public transport system, largely based on metros, buses and taxis. Payment of all these public transportation tools can be made by using the Shanghai Public Transportation Card.

Shanghai's rapid transit system, the Shanghai Metro, incorporates both subway and light railway lines and extends to every core urban district as well as neighboring suburban districts.
Shanghai has four major railway stations: Shanghai Railway Station, Shanghai South Railway Station, Shanghai West Railway Station, and Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station. Three are connected to the metro network and serve as hubs in the railway network of China.
Shanghai is one of the leading air transport gateways in Asia. The city has two commercial airports: Shanghai Pudong International Airport and Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport.
Shanghai is a major hub of China's expressway network.Traffic in and around Shanghai is often heavy and traffic jams are commonplace during rush hour. There are bicycle lanes separate from car traffic on many surface streets, but bicycles and motorcycles are banned from most main roads including the elevated expressways
Parks & Resorts
Shanghai's parks offer some reprieve from the urban jungle
Yu Garden, People's Square Park, Gongqing Forest Park, Fuxing Park, Zhongshan Park, Lu Xun Park, Century Park, and Jing'an Park.
The Shanghai Disney Resort Project
Public awareness of the environment is growing, and the city is investing in a number of environmental protection projects
Air pollution in Shanghai is low compared to other Chinese cities, but the rapid development over the past decades means it is still substantial by worldwide standards.
The government has moved almost all the factories within the city-center to either the outskirts of Shanghai or the neighboring Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces in the last two decades. In addition, several parks have replaced factory land in the city-center. As a result, Shanghai's air quality has been steadily improving since the 1990s
many migrants from other areas of China not mentioned above have come to Shanghai for work,
Most Shanghai residents are the descendants of immigrants from the two adjacent provinces of Jiangsu and Zhejiang who moved to Shanghai in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, regions whose population, in general, also speak
Wu Chinese
Shanghai boasts several museums of regional and national importance
Besides literature, Shanghai was also the birthplace of Chinese cinema and theater
The talent and passion of Shanghainese filmmakers following World War II and the Communist revolution in China contributed enormously to the development of the Hong Kong film industry

Shanghai is home to several professional soccer teams, including Shanghai Shenhua of the Chinese Super League, one of the China's most popular and successful.
The Shanghai Sharks of the Chinese Basketball Association developed Yao Ming before he entered the NBA.
Shanghai also has an ice hockey team, China Dragon, and a baseball team, the Shanghai Golden Eagles, which plays in the China Baseball League.
Shanghai started hosting the Chinese Grand Prix
While no vaccinations are required for a trip to China (except for Yellow Fever if you're arriving from an infected area), it is recommended that you see your physician and preferably a doctor at a travel medicine clinic at least 4-6 weeks before you are scheduled to depart. There are some recommended vaccines and it's important that you take the necessary precautions and be up-to-date on your routine vaccines; such as measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus and polio.
Water and Food Safety:
It goes without saying you should be careful with food and water. Only drink bottled water and use it to brush your teeth. Your hotel will provide several bottles a day free of charge.
If you have an extremely sensitive stomach, then you may want to avoid raw vegetables. Peeled fruit and cooked food should cause you no problem. It's always best to take in your surroundings - if the restaurant is crowded (especially with locals) then the food is going to be fresh. If you stumble into a small place in the countryside and no one else is there, think twice.
While many familiar drugs are available in China, navigating the language and communicating
If you don't have a passport, you will need one to leave the United States. The non-expedited passport fee for people over 16 years old is $100. The fee for people under 16 is $85. In addition, you will need a US standard passport photo, which will cost anywhere from $8 to $15.
The current cost for a visa for entry to China is $130. The type of visa issued will depend on the amount of time you will be in China and the number of trips you will make outside of China. Regardless of the type of visa, the fee for US passport holders is the same.
Air Fare
The exact cost of airfare will depend on the place of departure and the Chinese city in which you will arrive. For example, New York to Beijing ranges from around $900 to $1,500 for an adult economy class round-trip fare. Los Angeles to Shanghai fares range from $600 to $1,900 for the same type of ticket.
Transportation in China
The cost of getting from the airport to your hotel and back is fairly low. It is usually between $3 and $7. There is also an airport departure tax of around $3 that must be paid before leaving the country.
Hotel prices will vary depending on the quality of the hotel. Local hotels can be found for less than $20 per night. Well-known international hotels in large cities can start at around $180 per night.
How much your food will cost will depend on where you eat. Street vendors, frequented by many Chinese people, can charge as little as $2 for a meal. Meals in well-known western hotel restaurants are much more expensive.
Public Safety
Safe city overall
Large police and security service presence throughout the city serves to deter most crimes.
However, petty crime does occur with regularity, which includes pick pocketing, credit card fraud, and various financial scams, often targeting foreigners.
Violent crime is less common
Violent crime are most likely to occur in the bars and clubs of the nightlife districts.
Be Careful with luggages, can get stolen

Religion: 98% Buddhist and Taoist, 1% Christian, 1% Muslim and other denominations
• Never accept a compliment graciously
• Never make someone lose face(embarrassing someone)
• Never get angry in public
• Never address people by their first names first (last name always comes first)
• Never take food with the wrong end of your chopsticks (offensive)
• Never drink alcohol without first offering a toast
• Never let someone else pay the bill without fighting for it
• Never show up empty handed (small gift)
• Never accept food, drinks, or gifts without first refusing a few times
• Never take the first "No, thank you" literally

• luggage and bags: If you plan to take the metro to your hotel, pack fairly lightly so you can easily maneuver your bags. You can easily pick up an extra bag/suitcase here if you buy lots:-)

Clothing/Shoes/Weather Gear: Comfy shoes/closed-toe shoes. If you don't bring an umbrella, no worries--they'll be all over the streets for cheap. You can get almost anything here, even lots of familiar Western brands (H&M, Zara, Marks & Spencer) though larger sizes can be more challenging.

Toiletries and Medical Supplies: Ladies: if you use tampons, this is the one major thing I'd rec. bringing. Mostly unavailable...you will only be able to find them in import grocery stores often with a very hefty price tag and limited variety. Always carry packs of tissues (restaurants don't always give napkins, bathrooms may not have tissue), though you can buy these at any convenience store here. Always good to bring your basic/preferred toiletries and meds. so you don't have to spend time trying to find them, translate etc.

Leave 5/8/2014

Departing from boston Gen Edward logan Intl airport May 7, 2014 at 11:55pm-3:30pm Emirates Airlines with 1 stop an overnight stop arriving 2 days later.
Returning from Shanghai Pudong International Airport on may 14, 2014 12:05am-2:30pm with 1 stop
The cost for the hotel and flight would be $1291.80 per person

Before entry and departure all vistors must fill out a Health Declaration Card. Upon entry, all visitors need to accept the body temperature scanning.

• wake up around10 am get dressed eat breakfast. The Shanghainese tend to have savory food for breakfast, and a common Shanghai staple is the 2 RMB (liang kuai qian) egg pancake. Another South-east Asian favorite to look out for is youtiao, a stick-shaped donut normally eaten with soy sauce, but equally good with sugar. and head out to see the bund
• The Bund- it runs along shanghais waterfront on the Huangpu river its 1500 meters (.93 milies) in length and was once apart of the british settlement of shaghai.
• Steamed dumplings, one of the most typical foods in Shanghai

• Oriental pearl tower you take an elevator up to the top to get a wonderful view of shanghai and pudong. There are there levels that you can visit one of the levels has a glass floor that you can look down and see below you.
• best local restaurants in Shanghai, and used to be the focal point of Wujiang Lu, the best street snack road in Shanghai.

This the yuyuan garden means happy garden and is one of the highlights of shanghai.
It is believed to have been built in the Ming dynasty.
It is the center of shanghais old city.
There are many antiques and an exquisite jade rock.
The surrounding are also has a wonderful shopping area.

Huangpu river cruises run from 10am until 9pm and the cruises after 6pm are most popular.
This allows passengers to appreciate the contrast of modern skyscrapers with the classical European buildings which are beautifully lit.
Cruises including dinner are available for about 200 Yuan/person or just take in the sights for 100 Yuan/person.
The cruises last for 40 minutes to 1 hour.

Crab shell cake is one of the most famous snacks of old shanghai

Tangyuan is sometimes called glutinous rice balls is a shanghai local food and is also a traditional Chinese foodthis is a Chinese dessert.

After the cruise we head back to the hotel pack and get to the airport by midnight.
Day 3 - May 12th

• Day 2 - May 11th
Day 1 - May 10th
Holiday INN Express Shaghai Sanlin
Freebies from The hotel:
Free breakfast
Free wifi access in the room
Free parking
Other Shanghainese cultural artifacts include the cheongsam (Shanghainese: zansae), a modernization of the traditional Manchurian qipao. This contrasts sharply with the traditional qipao, which was designed to conceal the figure and be worn regardless of age.
The 1949 Communist Revolution ended the cheongsam and other fashions in Shanghai. However, the Shanghainese styles have seen a recent revival as stylish party dresses.
In the recent times Shanghai has gotten its own fashion week called Shanghai Fashion Week
Not all Chinese dialects are mutually intelligible. To avoid dialectal
discordance, know the region of the patient’s birthplace before
requesting an interpreter
Shanghai has a rich collection of buildings and structures of various architectural styles.
The Pudong district of Shanghai displays a wide range of skyscrapers, many of which rank among the tallest in the world.
May 14th Day 5
There's are plenty of shops in the Old town Bazzar and restaurant near the gardens like Starbucks to enjoy a whole day here!
Full transcript