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AS Sociology: Theory and Methods lesson 1

Positivism Vs Interpretivism Introduction

Amanda Lane

on 17 September 2013

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Transcript of AS Sociology: Theory and Methods lesson 1

Lesson Objective: To understand why different types of sociologist use different methods when conducting research. You've got issues....! There are 3 general issues that all sociologists undertaking research have to deal with: Practical, Ethical & Theoretical. P
T ractical thical heoretical Fill in the table with definitions and examples to illustrate each point Methodology Is a very long word, with a very simple meaning.... It basically means the method you chose to do your research. However, the method you chose is dependent on your Methodological Perspective This means the way in which you approach your research. There are 2 conflicting methodological perspectives: The Interpretivists The Positivists issues that impact on how well the research is conducted. moral issues that impact on the research. can we gain an accurate picture of society with our research? (RVR) The Positivists G
S ain mperical vidence & nowledge cientifically The Interpretivists easearch S
G ubjective heorists eeky ever nteractions Quantitative data
Patterns of behaviour
Sociology as science Qualitative data
Meanings of interactions
Sociology NOT a science Reliability Validity Representativeness If the research was conducted again, would it produce the same results? What affects the results being different? Does the research paint an accurate picture of what is actually going on? What factors can affect the accuracy? Can the results be generalised to the rest of the population? What factors affect its generalisability? R V R Why do sociologists conduct research? Discuss!
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