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Ancient Greek Theater
Transcript of Ancient Greek Theater
-wore tall boots with heels
-wore masks to express age, gender and a characters emotions Plays "Ancient Greek Theater." Ancient Greece. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2013.
Neelan, Mary. Antigone: Curriculum Unit. 2010. N.p.: The Center for Learning,
"Theater and Drama in Ancient Greece." Theater and Drama in Ancient Greece. Ed.
Scott R. Robinson. N.p., 1 May 2002. Web. 27 Feb.2013.<http://www.cwu.edu/~robinsos/ppages/resources/Theatre_History/
Theahis_2.html>. Ancient Greek Theater Thespians Why Create Theater? Costumes and Theater Design What is the chorus exactly? The two faces represent the two main genres of Greek theater: comedy and tragedy. The faces originated during the time of Greek theater. They are symbols of the ancient Greek Muses, Thalia, the Muse of comedy, and Melpomene, the Muse of tragedy. The term, thespian, was derived from the creator of theater. Thespis, who is known as the "Father of Drama," created drama in Greece in the 6th century. He introduced the very first - and only - actor to the theater. Definitions Theater Hiccups Playwrights Aeschylus (525-426BC)
-introduced a second actor to theater
-wrote trilogies which were centered around a specific theme Euripides (486-406BC)
-wanted to make the characters more realistic
-wanted to make the chorus less prominent Sophocles (496-406BC)
-added yet another actor
-made chorus of 15 people
-wrote trilogies with separate themes, but were connected in plots -provides musical accompaniment
-sets the mood of the show and develops theme -gives background information
-made up of a group of elders -adds beauty through song and dance -Theatron: where audience sat
-Orchestra: where actors and chorus performed
-Thymele: statue of Dionysus in a prestigious location in the middle of the orchestra to honor the god
-Skene: building used as dressing room
-Proskenion: backdrop in front of the skene
-Parados: entrance used by the actors and chorus -women were not allowed to act so men had to play women's roles as well -no lighting or curtains -no intermissions -Hamartia: tragic flaw
-Hubris: excessive arrogance that leads to one's downfall (pride)
-Prologue: monologue or dialogue before the actual play usually to add dramatic irony
-Catharsis: emotional roller coaster in show Aeschylus:
Written 458 B.C.
• The Choephori
Written 450 B.C.
Written 458 B.C.
• The Persians
Written 472 B.C.
• Prometheus Bound Bibliography Euripedes
•Alcestis (438 B.C.)
•Medea (431 B.C.)
•Heracleidae (c. 430 B.C.)
•Hippolytus (428 B.C.)
•Andromache (c. 425 B.C.)
•Hecuba (c. 424 B.C.)
•The Suppliants (c. 423 B.C.)
•Electra (c. 420 B.C.)
•Heracles (c. 416 B.C.)
•The Trojan Women (415 B.C.)
•Iphigeneia in Tauris (c. 414 B.C.)
•Ion (c. 414 B.C.)
•Helen (412 B.C.)
•Phoenician Women (c. 410 B.C.)
•Orestes (408 B.C.)
•Bacchae (405 B.C.)
•Iphigeneia at Aulis (405 B.C.) Sophocles:
The Women of Trachis
Oedipus the King
Oedipus at Colonus.