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War At Sea

By: Brian To & Melissa Bernardo

Brian To

on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of War At Sea

War At Sea Battle Of Jutland
May 1916- June 1916 Lusitania Sinking:
May 7, 1915 Battle of Heligoland Bight:
August 28, 1914. Women's role at Sea Death Ship: Halifax
December 9, 1917 German U-Boats By: Brian To
& Melissa Bennardo • The German U-Boat (U-20) launched a torpedo at this luxury and speedy liner in the south coast of Ireland on May 7, 1915.
• Passengers were making their way back to Liverpool (United Kingdom) from New York City (U.S.A).
• 1,198 people died (out of 1,959 people) in the sinking & most of them were from Britain or Canada.
• The Lusitania sunk within 20 minutes.

Why was the Sinking of the Lusitania so important?
The Germans killed 127 U.S civilians which made the U.S extremely enraged causing them to join the World War I. • Halifax transported goods to the war zone and was the most important army garrison in Canada
• The Mont Blanc was a munition ship (carried 2000 tonnes of TNT) collided with another ship & blew up.
Mont Blanc rammed into Pier 6 -> setting wood pilings on fire -> fire spread -> huge tsunami flooded the streets -> 6 days of worst blizzard
More than 1900 people killed, 9000 injured, 1600 buildings destroyed, 12,000 houses damaged,
6000 homeless, 25,000 people with inadequate housing Heligoland Bight is in Germany's major North Sea base of Wilhemshaven.
The battle happened during a fog and haze.
Commodore Tyrwhitt led a British attack on German patrols = 1st naval battle of the war
3 German cruisers and 1 destroyer sunk.
No British ships sunk except a light cruiser (Arethusa) and 2 damaged British destroyers.
The British won the battle. • 3000 Canadian women were nurses overseas.
• Their uniforms were blue which gave them the nickname of, “Bluebirds.”
• There were many casualties so it was tough for them to care for all of those patients
• They were overwhelmed by so many deaths
• They had to clear the dead soldiers from the front lines so many of them died in the process
• In the bombing of the hospital in Etaples, France 3 bluebirds were killed
• Overall 53 Canadian nurses lost their lives • Submarine warfare was used by the Germans during WW1.
• U-boats were submarines with torpedo’s that fired at the enemies ships
• Previously in 1915 submarines were not able to be hidden and the enemy had to be warned when being attacked
(showing a flag).
• Germans sunk 160 ships/month
• Goal was to rid Great Britain of their food supplies and weapons.
• In 1917 Germany allowed the Pless Amendment that stated that submarines can stay hidden without warning.
• The loss of merchant shipping was prevented by Britain’s convoy ship system. 1916 1915 1917 Battle of Jutland May-June May • A German High Seas Fleet Commander, Reinhard Scheer wanted to send troops to attach Britain’s coast.
• Britain was aware of their plans so the Germans sent troops at the end of May in 1916.
• Britain had the advantage of the battle but they still lost three battle cruisers.
• Battle ended in June in 1916; Britain remained command of the seas while the Germans fled the battle. Timeline of Wars at Sea Lusitania Sinking December Death Ship: Halifax Mr. Swan
October 11, 2012. Works Cited www.Canadachannel.ca/HCO/index.php/4._War_in_the_Air_and_on_the_Sea
(Info and Lusitania/warning/U-boat pics)
www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/chrono/1914Sea_e.Shtml (info)
www.firstworldwar.com/battles/jutland.htm (info)
http://canadasnavalmemorial.ca/history/battles-and-conicts/world-war-i-1914-1918/ (Rainbow & Niobe Pic) http://www.xtimeline.com/evt/view.aspx?id=41323 (Battle of Jutland Pic)
(Colonial German Flag Pic)
(United Kingdom of Great Britain Flag Pic)
(The Fleets' Movement at the Battle of Jutland Pic)
(Battle of The Battle of Heligoland Bight info)
(Death Ships: Halifax info)
(Lusitania Sinking info)
(Death Ships: Halifax Pic)
(Nurses info) Illustration of the sinking of the Lusitania in 1915.
Picture from the National Defence, courtesy of the Canadian Navy. Interesting Fact of the Lusitania Sinking In 2008, divers found 4 million U.S.-made Remington .303 bullets in the wreck of the Lusitania (about 13 km off the coast of Ireland)
The exploration helped discovered the cause of the 2nd explosion on the Lusitania = explosion of munitions on board Battle of Jutland (top)

The Fleets' Movement at the Battle of Jutland, May 1916 (left) Poster of the sinking Lusitania German Warning to Passengers travelling on the ocean Who's ready for WAR? The British were leading Germany.
In August 1914, British Grand Fleet had...
20 big gun dreadnought & super dreadnought battleships
4 fast battle cruisers VS.
Germans High Sea Fleet had only...
13 German dreadnoughts
3 battle cruisers.
The Grand Fleet remained superior to the German High Sea Fleet throughout the war. August Battle of Heligoland Bight 1914 Nurse (Bluebird) Uniform A ship is destroyed at the Battle of Heligoland Bight, 1914 (above) The entire city felt the aftermath of
the Halifax Explosion in 1917 Rainbow Ship Niobe Ship
Full transcript