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Maned Wolf

A research project about maned wolves
by

Alexandra Newman

on 19 December 2012

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Transcript of Maned Wolf

Maned Wolf By Alexandra Newman Maned wolves are a natural part of the South American ecosystem. There numbers dwindle though and there are fewer every year. There numbers now only reach 13,000 adult individuals. This may seem like a lot, but over a large period of time this could dwindle down to nothing. The maned wolf's common name is the maned wolf and its scientific name is Chrysocyon Brachyurus. The maned wolf is truly unique for evolving over millions of years. The maned wolf has its own genus. The complete classification for the maned wolf is: Eukarya Animalia Chordata Mammalia Carnivora Canidea Chysocyon Brachyurus and lastly maned wolf. The maned wolf has become endangered due to humans. Habitat loss roadkill Habitat Fragmentation Are the the reasons for why maned wolf population is going down. sadly the maned wolf population is predicted to decline by 10% over the next decade from habitat loss and roadkill. The maned wolf lives in the countries of Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina, and Uruguay. The maned wolf does not migrate. It has adapted its behaviors in unique ways to survive. It has its own territory it shares with a the opposite sex. They do not interact outside of breeding season. They also eat sugarcane, tubers, and even fruit. Fruit and vegetation actually makes up 50% of its diet. Also a maned wolf does not live in a pack. Its name is not true to its nature. The maned wolf is not actually part of the wolf, fox, or coyote genus. It has its own genus. The maned wolf lives in swamps, grasslands, and scrub forest. The grassland biome looks like a field with high grasses. The swamp biome looks like a wet, marshy field with high grasses, some water plants, and some trees. The scrub forest biome looks like a semi-dry area with grass, small trees, and shrubs. The grassland remains cool most of the year. The maned wolf's grasslands average temperature is 64 degrees. The maned wolfs grassland habitat receives a lot of rain. The grasses there need a lot of rain to survive. It's habitat receives between 25-60 inches of rain a year. The maned wolf does not have a den in its habitat that it sleeps in, although it will have a rearing den for pups in the spring. They will normally rest in thick undergrowth in their habitat. The maned wolf is a predator because it kills and eats other animals, but nothing eats the maned wolf. The maned wolf is an omnivore. It will eat small mice to fruit. It eats insects, birds, bird eggs, reptiles, small mammals such as mice, vegetation, and fruit. While the maned wolf eats many things, nothing eats the maned wolf. Many animals live in the same habitat as the maned wolf. Some animals are pampas deer, wild guinea pig, armadillos, viscuchas, and hairy-tailed akodonts (type of mouse). Some plants are banana trees, guava trees, and solanum lycocarpum. There is no predator that eats the maned wolf. It is at the top of the food chain. The maned wolf actually can benefit farmers because they eat crop pests such as rats, mice, and rabbits. Maned wolves look very interesting. The male and female do not differ very much in appearance. They have some very unique survival strategies. The female maned wolf weighs between 15-40 pound. The male weighs between 18-44 pounds. They are both three feet tall. There bodies are both 27- 38 inches long. There tail is 12-15 inches long. The average life span for the maned wolf in the wild is 13 years. While the maximum life span is 16.8 years. They might make it to that in the wild, but to me it is doubtful. This would most likely occur in captivity. The maned wolf gestation period 56-66 days. The female will then give birth to 1-5 pups per litter. The maned wolf is very interesting looking. It has been called the fox on stilts. It stand on four tall legs colored black. The maned wolf is covered in reddish -brown-orange hair. Its muzzle is black. It's tail, chin, and throat can sometimes be white. That is what its coloration is. The maned wolf has adapted physically in many ways. Here are just a few: It has long legs to see over tall grasses. The maned wolves toes splay apart on marshy ground, so that it does not sink into the marsh. It also has large ears to hear rodents and to help cool itself off. The maned wolf may have adapted physically, but it has also adapted behaviorally. Rogue maned wolves will live around maned wolf pairs to replace the male maned wolf if he dies some for some reason such as disease, old age, or gets hit by a car. People have affected the status of the maned wolf. It was not originally endangered. One of the reasons the maned wolf has become endangered is that habitat loss, and habitat fragmentation have diminished their populations. If their habitat is cut down or burned, then they could become isolated from one another. They then cannot breed and produce offspring causing the decline in their numbers. To help the maned wolf's species numbers go up there are captive breeding programs set up. It is also illegal to hunt and kill them in Brazil, Paraguay, and Bolivia. Abiotic factor play a key role in the life of the maned wolf. Without them it would die. First, soil on the grassland provides space and nutrients for the grass which the maned wolf's prey feeds on. Second, fire on the grassland keeps the grass growing there by keeping the amount of trees down. Third, water keeps the maned wolf and its prey alive. Water is a necessity to all living creatures. Fourth, weather provides rain which gives water that all animals drink. Lastly, the right temperature keeps the species alive. The first idea I have to help save the maned wolf is to a take a large portion of land and cut all the trees to create a meadow. This would attract the maned wolf's prey which would attract the maned wolf. The only down side is that the cost of mowing it would be a lot. You would have to mow it at least twice a year. The second drawback is that if you did not mow it, the trees would begin to grow back. The second idea I have is that they could flood a large area of land to create a marsh for the maned wolf. The drawbacks are that I do not know where I would get all the water. Another drawback is that the water would drain and dry up. Those are my ideas to save the maned wolf species. Hopefully with conservation this amazing species will survive for many years to come, but it is only with your help that this fascinating species will not go extinct. Thanks For Watching!
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