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Nepal

Final project
by

Bjorn Strand

on 3 May 2011

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Transcript of Nepal

Nepal http://www.flickr.com/photos/ilker/2494733608/ by Bjorn Strand Period 2 Nepal is the only nation in the world that has a non-rectangular flag. Flag The blue stripe on the outside of the flag represents the peaceful nature of Nepal. the red on the inside is a traditional Napalese color. the moon and the sun mean that the nation will last as long as the moon and the sun. and the two triangles represent two peaks of the Himalayan Mountains, and the country's 2 main religions, Hinduism and Buddhism. Religion Hinduism 80.6% Buddhism 10.7% Muslim 4.2% Kirant 3.6% other 0.9% In Nepal Buddhism, and Hinduism have only subtle academic differences, and followers of both religions worship at the other's holy places I think this is why there have been few religious disputes in this country. http://www.corbisimages.com/Enlargement/ME013250.html http://getinnepal.com/blog/culture/adventure-nepal-a-glimpse-into-nepals-attractions/ http://www.smh.com.au/world/nepal-bans-former-king-from-goddess-ceremony-20100922-15mzt.html For the most part Hindu's are more relaxed and don't have to say any mantra's or anything, they just need to adhere to their family laws. This seems to me like the reason most of the country is Hindu however they do share some rituals with Buddhists, such as writing prayers on strips of cloth, and hanging them from ropes this is meant to let the winds carry these prayers to the gods. Many devout Buddhists still do traditional chants and dances Both religions also consider the cow to be sacred,and I think it's due to the mixing of the two religions. Currency The currency in Nepal is called the Nepalese Rupee,when I saw this I realized how closely Nepal is related to India. The exchange rate from NPR to US dollars is 1 Nepalese Rupee = 0.01 Dollars The exchange rate from US dollars to NPR is 1 Dollar = 70.75 Nepalese rupees http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bank_note_of_republic_of_nepal.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Nepal_One_Rupee_obverse.jpg Language Nepali is the official language 50 other languages are also spoken though Nepali is spoken by about 47.8% About 12.1% of the people speak Maithili Other languages that are spoken are 7.4% Bhojpuri, 5.8% Tharu, 5.1% Tamang, 3.6% Newar, 3.3% Magar, and 2.4% Awadhi. Some common phrases are Hello.
Namaste. (Nah-MAH-stay)
Hello. (formal)
Namaskar. (Nah-MAH-skar)
How are you?
Sanchai cha? (San-chai-CHA?) or Kasto cha? (Kas-tow CHA?)
Fine, thank you.
Sanchai cha,Dhanyabaad. (San-chai-CHA) or Ramro cha. (Ram-row CHA)
I don't understand.
Maile buhjina. (Mai-le Bu-jhi-na)
Where is the toilet?
Toilet kata cha? (Toilet ka-ta cha?)
The Nepali alphabet is closely related to Devanāgarī which is a 52 letter alphabet that combine to form vowels. It is a combinaiton of sanskrit, and hindi, and it reads form left to right. Economics Nepal is one of the least developed, and poorest nations in the world. 1/4th of it's population lies below the poverty line. It's main industy is agriculture, which accounts for 1/3rd of its GDP They grow pulses, jute, sugarcane, tobacco, and grain there the industries they have are tourism, carpets, textiles, small rice, jute, sugar, oilseed mills, cigarettes, cement and brick production. Current issues the most obvious issue in Nepal right now is overall poverty. There are people there who literally live hand to mouth. This issue is very hard to solve in a country that 's main industry is agriculture, because argiculture is very much hand to mouth if you don't have money. This is why this is still such a huge problem there. The second biggest current issue in nepal right now is sex traficking. Nepal is a center of prostituition, and the trade of sex slaves from both CHina and India. This Extremely inhumane, and demoralizing practice doesn't only destroy culture, it becomes the culture. if Nepal isn't careful, they will go the same way as Thailand, and pretty soon they too, will be known for their prostitutes, and brothels. music One type of traditional music in Nepal is the Dohari style, it is sung almost like rap, in the sense that there is a beat in the background. It is used often in dating or courtship, but it is also a sort of game. Usually boys, and girls will devide into 2 teams and sign to each other, and the first team to run out of rhymes loses. here's an example, sorry about the bad translation, it was translated directly, and so that it would rhyme. "Boy-Hey girl you are beautiful with long hair
Give your life to me and of you I will take care.
Girl-How can you ask for my life I am worried
I have two child and I am already married.
Boy- Come with me I will take care of your child and you
I will always love you, don't worry we won't have child anew
Girl-Hey don't talk nonsense,I am not your and never be
Beware, of my husband's kick who is sitting behind me"
This song is an example of classic Nepali music combined with the Western idea of music videos, the result is below. Information Technology Telephones - main lines in use:

820,500 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 85

Telephones - mobile cellular:

7.618 million (2009)
country comparison to the world: 77
The amount of technology being used today in Nepal is as follows. Internet hosts:
43,928 (2010)
country comparison to the world: 91

Internet users:
577,800 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 116
To me this just demonstrates how underdeveloped Nepal currently is. Things that we take for granted in our every day lives are still new and uncommon over there. ART Hinduism Buddhism Tantrism Architecture Painting Literature Bronze figures Jewelry Pottery There are many different types of art presented in Nepalese culture A bronze figure http://beautifulnepals.blogspot.com/2010_07_01_archive.html An example of Nepali architecture http://beautifulnepals.blogspot.com/2010_07_01_archive.html A HIndi painting A combination of Hindi, and Buddhist painting http://beautifulnepals.blogspot.com/2010_07_01_archive.html http://www.antique-arts-asia.com/catalog/Nepali+painting+NeP3?currency=CHF Food Nepali food is simple, but it is full of spices so it is very tasty. There are 2 main meals consisting mostly of rice every day. People may eat snacks in-between meals. QUICK DAL (LENTIL SOUP)
INGREDIENTS
1 cup red lentils (soaked overnight)
1 tablespoon ghee or butter
½ teaspoon Cinnamon Powder
Salt to taste

Optional:
3 tablespoon onions (chopped)
2 tablespoon tomatoes (chopped)
½ teaspoon turmeric powder
½ teaspoon garlic paste
Optional Garnish
few leaves of cilantro (Dhanai to sprinkled after done)


PREPARATION

1 Boil lentils with all ingredients in 2 cups water until cooked
2 Garnish and serve hot with rice
Here are some Recipes for foods common in Nepal http://consultmrlaird.com/global_chef_usa RAJMA CURRY (KIDNEY BEAN RAJMA)

INGREDIENTS
1 can kidneybeans
2.5 tablespoon onion
1.5 tablespoon tomato
1 tablespoon oil
Salt to taste

Optional (to taste)
chilli Powder
t urmeric
curry Powder
g arlic


PREPARATION

1 Fry onions to light golden brown with all spices.
2 When onion is light golden brown add Tomatoes and fry for few seconds.
3 Empty the can of Kidney bean to the fried onions and tomatoes.
4 Cook until well heated. Serve hot http://jayawagle.blogspot.com/2009/05/cooking-rajma-red-kidney-beans-in.html QUICK MUSHROOM CURRY (CHAIU KO TARKARI)

INGREDIENTS
1 lb mushroom
1 onion (chopped)
1 tomatoes (chopped)
1 teaspoon vegetable oil
1 teaspoon garlic

pinch of garam masala, hot pepper, turmeric
salt to taste


PREPARATION

1 Heat the oil, add spices and garlic
2 Sauté onions till slight golden brown and then add tomatoes. Heat for a while.
3 Add mushroom cut in slices and heat for a while
4 When mushrooms are half done add water and cook for a while.
5 Serve with rice or roti (or tortilla).
http://www.flickr.com/photos/shaisharma/419717122/ Family Life Most people will work outside in the fields almost all year long, just to stay alive. This means they still devide jobs into men and women. The men work outside, while the women take care of kids, and cook. People in Nepal still believe that kids are gifts from the gods, therefore most people have many children. older poeple stay at home and "share their wisdom." A fairly typical example of the women, and children at home, while the men work out in the fields. http://flickrhivemind.net/Tags/lamjung A typical Nepalese village http://bloggers.com/posts/suman-4176 Clothes Traditional Nepalese dress included the classic saffron silky Hindu jackets and robes. This is still commonly worn on holidays and among rural people. But urban people are now wearing standard Western style slacks and collared shirts. Being a developing country Nepal still shows great contrasts, between, traditional, and western, and rich, and poor, all right next to each other. A man wearing common law inforcement gear http://www.ehow.com/about_5471730_kind-clothes-do-wear-nepal.html A group of young people wearing traditional Napalese clothes http://bhabana-surkhet.blogspot.com/2009_12_01_archive.html History This as a brief timeline of important events in napalese History "1768 Prithivi Narayan Shah unites Kathmandu upon conquering 3 states, Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Patan. His unification of the country is the most prominent timeline in Nepal's history. Prithivi was the ruler of Gurkha district who became famous for taking the bravery act of battling with other rulers to unify Nepal so as to better govern the country." "1923 Nepal becomes Independent. Nepal and Britain sign an agreement of friendship / treaty" "1960 Upon failing to perform by the Multi Party System, King Mahendra takes absolute power of the country. Bishesor Prasad (B.P) Koirala becomes the first PM of Nepal, the main political leader of Nepali Congress Party. " "1980 Multi-Party government is allowed while Panchat System stands side by side." "1992 Nepali Congress and King Rule Nepal with opposition political parties. Freedom of speech, and human rights are much better during this time yet the new government still fails to do much to improve in many aspects of the country such as poverty eradication, development plans etc. " "2000 King makes Girija Parsad Koirala as the Prime Minister of Nepal. His toughest challenge is to take a role in a Government that have had 10 elections in 10 years brining new faces in the government such as PM, Co-PM, Ministers, Co-Ministers and so on. " "2001 Royal Massacre occurs. A report without proper investigations claims that the entire Family of King Birendra is dead; those survived as his Brother and Brother's family. Reports that majority of Nepalese do not digest claims that the would-be King (The Price Dipendra) shoot everyone in his family when a quarrel started about his choice of Bride not fitting the Royal Profile. Many equally believe that re investigating the death of this King and his entire family, is believed to be another top priority by the new government as and when the new government is made by the people of Nepal." "2001 King Gyanendra is crowned." "2005 King gave Deupa six months to do something to stop violence, perhaps bring Rebels to the tables and he failed. So king sacked him within six months of his appointment. " "2006 In May : With pressure from all political parties raging weeks of protests in numbers, Gyanendra gave up his absolute power. Girija Prasad Koirala is appointed as the Prime minister while Maoists revels call a three-month ceasefire to talk with Government and move towards bringing peace in the country and abolishing Monarchy In nearly 3 years, for the first time, Government holds a peace talk with Maoist leaders. In Mid 2006, Maoists talk with PM to have Maoists part of the interim Government. In November, The rebels and Government sign a peace deal, ending a 10 year bloody war in the country with the agreement that UN supervision be brought to Nepal" "2007 Nepal Parliament approves abolition of monarchy as part of the peace deal with Rebels. Rebels then join the interim Government." "2008 By the interim Government consisting of Nepali Congress, Nepali Communist Party and others including the Rebels call for General Election to be held in April 2008. Violence still escalates in Terai region of Nepal where, Terai movement groups known as the fraction of the Maoists wants Terai to be an independent state with its own head of Government." "2011 Government basically shut down and unable to function. " Climate In the North there are cool summers, and harsh winters, in the South there are subtropical summers, and mild winters Precipitaiton levels in Nepal http://www.bestcountryreports.com/Precipitation_Map_Nepal.html Yearly Temperatures in Nepal http://www.bestcountryreports.com/Temperature_Map_Nepal.html Geography Nepal is a landlocked piece of land between china and India. it is extremely mountainous ,and contains some of the highest peaks in the word. Here are some of Nepal's geographical stats. "total: 147,181 sq km
country comparison to the world: 93
land: 143,351 sq km
water: 3,830 sq km
total: 2,926 km
border countries: China 1,236 km, India 1,690 km
lowest point: Kanchan Kalan 70 m
highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m" A political map of Nepal http://www.ezilon.com/maps/asia/nepal-physical-maps.htm An example of terrain http://www.gobackpacking.com/Blog/2008/04/28/final-thoughts-annapurna-sanctuary-trek/l Nepal in perspective http://enepal.asia/nepal.htm Gestures/Manners -If someone talks to you it is polite to say hello, or Namaskar.
-Namaskar, is like a praying gesture.
-You may accept handshakes from either gender, however, it is rude for a man to shake a woman's hand. -If someone asks you a question, don't say "I don't know the answer." You must come up with a way they could find the answer.
-Never call an elder by their name.
-slurping is polite. -Pointing is impolite.
-Never compliment a girl, it is seen as flirting, and is rude.
-Calling someone fat is a compliment. Namaskar http://www.trekearth.com/gallery/Asia/India/East/Orissa/Melchikya/photo313145.htm How pointing is seen in Nepal http://blog.turntablelab.com/2008/09/ Holidays Prithvi Narayan Shah's Birthday Jan 10th Basanta Panchami Jan/feb Democracy Day Maha Shivaratri Feb/Mar Bisket Jatra (new year) April 14th Janai Purnima Jul/Aug Teej Aug/Sep Indra Jatra Sep Dasain Sep/Oct Tihar Oct./Nov Constitution Day Nov 9th A major celebration in Nepal is the coming of age rite of passage. For boys this means shaving their heads except for a special tuft, and wearing a special loincloth, for girls this means that she starts to wear a thick cotton thread with words said over it that help protect her virginity. Another large celebration is Basanta Panchami, or the ushering is of spring. The season is welcomed in by degnitaries playing a traditional song of spring. The Largest celebration in Nepal is Nawavarsha, or the Nepalese New Year. It falls on the first day of the lunar calenda. It is celebrated with games, visits to holy grounds, parades, and eating good food. Nepal has many very interesting holidays, both political, and religious, however, it is evident to me that the religious holidays are much more important than the political ones. Demographics Population 28,676,547 (2005)
Growth Rate 2.2%
Population below 14 Years old 39%
Population of age 15 to 64 57.3%
Population above 65 3.7%
The median age (Average) 20.07
The median age (Male) 19.91
The median age (Females) 20.24
Ratio (Male:Female) 1, 060:1,000
Life expectancy (Average) 59.8
Life expectancy (Male) 60.9
Life expectancy (Female) 59.5
Literacy Rate (Average) 53.74%
Literacy Rate (Male) 68.51%
Literacy Rate (Female) 42.49% http://schools-wikipedia.org/wp/n/Nepal.htm Education Levels of education

• 1st to 5th Grade : Primary School : 5 years of studies
• 6th to 7th Grade : Secondary School : 2 years of studies
• 8th to 10th Grade : Upper Secondary School 3 years of studies
• 11th to 12th Grade : Higher Secondary School: 2 years of studies
• Bachelor's Degree : 3 to five years course depending on the type of course.
• Master's Degree : 2 to 3 years course depending on the type of course
Literacy rate in adults has increased by 5% in the past 2 years Education in Nepal is still sorely lacking, however with everyone earning their "School Leaving Certificate" after the tenth grade, the country still has a 48.2 percent literacy rate http://www.infonepal.com.np/festivals.htm Entertainment A common form of entertainment in Nepal, especially Kathmandu is Casinos. A second method of entertainment in Nepal is cultural programs, or big get togethers where people wear traditional clothes, and do traditional dances almost like a local circus group. Nepali Folk Dancers http://www.usefilm.com/image/1259082.html Other forms of entertainment are as simpel as watching tv, going to the theater, if you are in a bigger city, or listening to the radio. Government Nepal is technically a federal democratic republic, however it's current government does not function. Right now the "chief of state," Ram Baran is essentially holding down the fort until they do have a functioning government. The origional plan was that they would have a constutution by May 2010, however the deadline was changed to May 2011, so they still have no functioning government. Architecture
1. Pagoda style
2. Stupa style
3. Shikhara style Pagoda http://www.rontravel.com/Travel_Photo_Pages/Pictures_Nepal_Happy_Cannibal.htm Stupa http://woodardphotos.net/nepal_trip.htm Shikhara http://www.asiaexplorers.com/nepal/patan-budget-travel-guide.htm A government building http://www.galenfrysinger.com/nepal_1964.htm Many government building in Asia were built to look western, because it was thought of as modern, or progressive. now many years later many government buildings are stuck with that old european look, just like this one. Global contributions Nepal was a sort of Nirvana during the sixties, that all sorts of people wanted to visit because there they would be "free" to do what they wanted. now this is a bad thing, but, good or bad, it did contribute something to American Culture. There were songs written about it, and books too. I think it might have just sparked even the tiniest grain of curiosity in the mind of many Americans that inspired them to be curious about other places, and to be curious about how people live in those exotic hideaways. So it goes to show, as backwards as we think coutries like Nepal are, you can learn something from everybody. Works Cited
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