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The English Renaissance
Transcript of The English Renaissance
The Renaissance of England
Renaissance means the "rebirth" of ideas, philosophies, art, and religion.
It was a time of rapid change and learning within topics of morality, religion, government, and the arts.
This was the time of literary giants like Shakespeare, Milton, and Donne.
Poetry, Drama, Humanist works, and religious writings defined literature of this period.
Literature especially flourished during the Elizabethan era.
Societal Roles in England
The Renaissance Man
The Legacy of the Renaissance
Shakespeare's plays are still very popular and a performed frequently.
Many of his plays have been adapted into movies and literature.
Since Sir Thomas Moore wrote
, similar adaptations have been attempted. An example is the movie the Matrix.
The Monarchy and the Church
In 1485, Henry Tudor or Henry VII took the throne.
The son of the late King, Henry VIII, then took over the monarchy.
During his rule, many grew dissatisfied with the increasing corruption of the catholic church.
Martin Luther's protests for reformation caused other radicals to split and create Protestant churches.
In response, Henry VIII established the Church of England for his own personal gains.
Henry VII's son, Edward VI, became king and under his rule radicals that sought to purify the religion, or the Puritans, continued to clash with the monarchy.
Although is poetry was great, his Dramas played a bigger role in the Elizabethan era.
During this era, plays focused on human complexities rather than religious themes.
Shakespeare made the Globe Theater well known from his plays: a total of 37
Tragedies such as
, Comedies like
Midsummer Night's Dream,
and histories of the King of England.
had a role in religion, civic, and courtly life during the Renaissance
was a time of new genres, development of instruments, and new styles of composing
By the end of the 16th century music had spread among the Catholic and Protestant churches, the high courts, wealthy amateurs and music printing, leading to more income towards composers.
Before the Renaissance, the Catholic Church flourished throughout Europe.
The "revival" of thought during the Renaissance also brought upon new ideas of religion.
The Catholic Church began to be seen in a new light, mostly corrupt, and it lost power.
A major change was the establishment of the Protestant branch.
The Rise of Humanism
Discussions buzzes of new ideas during the Renaissance.
Humanism reflected upon the worth and importance of an individual, about the spiritual value of beauty in nature and art, and the power of human reason to decide between good and bad.
Spiritual Writing and Poetry
In 1604, King James I commissioned 54 Biblical scholars to rewrite an "authorized" version of the bible, one based on the original Hebrew and Greek translations.
It likely did more to mold English prose style than any other work.
One of the first to be influence by the King James Bible was puritan John Milton and he wrote
The Renaissance originated in Italy during the 14th century and spread throughout Europe.
The movement did not reach England until 1485 when King Henry VII took power and flowered during the Elizabethan Era.
This was the time of Galileo, Da VInci, and Columbus.
Was an era of exploration in all subjects; the printing press was of huge importance for spreading ideas.
Cultural Influences of the Renaissance
Women were seen as subordinate to men; only as child bearers and to take care of the household.
Women who did not marry or lacked a dowry had to become a nun.
Men where the sole professionals in the workforce, although some women did work but were payed less than men.
Laws prohibited different levels of society to where certain clothing.
Lower classes usually wore loose-fitting clothing made of linen so that it was easier to work in.
Upper classes wore tight-fitting fabrics: silk, satin, and velvet.
A person who encompassed a wide range of interests and abilities.
Queen Elizabeth is considered the ultimate Renaissance Woman.
She was educated in Latin, Greek, French, Italian, history, and theology; also an accomplished poet and speechwriter, as well as a politician.
Another example is Italy's Leonardo Da Vinci, who was not only a painter and sculptor but also a scientist, architect, and engineer.
World Culture and Events During the Renaissance
1492- Columbus sails to the Western Hemisphere
1503- Leonardo Da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa
1521- Cortez conquers the Aztecs in Mexico
1543- Copernicus publishes his theory that planets revolve around the sun
1606- Galileo Galilee studies the sky with a telescope
1643- Louis XIV begins 72-year reign in France