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Legal systems of the world

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amdouni fares

on 18 April 2018

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Transcript of Legal systems of the world

Legal systems of the world
Civil Law
Religious Law
Common Law

This law also named :
Civilian Law
Roman Law
Civil law Is a is a legal system originating in Europe .
it differs from a common-law system, which relies on prior decisions to determine the outcome of a lawsuit .
Most European and South American countries have a civil law system.

Civil Law (Legal System)
The common-law system prevails in England, the United States, and other countries colonized by England. We should know also that The common-law system is used in all the states of the United States except Louisiana ! Also used in Canada, except in the Province of Quebec
also C.L is a legal system founded not on laws made by legislatures but on judge-made laws, which in turn are based on custom, culture, habit, and previous judicial decisions throughout the world.
Common Law
What exactly religions law is. For many religions, religious law is thought to be a higher body of understanding in which reality and knowledge is defined by God and is applicable to all human beings. This is, of course, a rather simplistic view of .religious law as there are many different religions, each trying to establish their own concepts and ideas as to what religious law should include.
Religious law as both a source of law and as an influencing factor on the development of traditional law is a topic that cannot be ignored. In some cases, religious law is central to the traditional laws of the country, typically in Islamic or Jewish countries. In other areas, such as the UK, religious law is rooted in the history of the law, although more traditional methods of interpretation and precedent have taken a more important role in modern society.
.Religious law is derived from two primary sources: the civil law tradition as followed by Catholic, Anglican and Orthodox religions and the more customary basis such as Sharia law that is more akin to common law principles.
Religious Law
HISTORICALLY
The civil law system is derived from the Roman Corpus Juris Civilus of Emperor Justinian I
and we can say also a civil law is the group of legal ideas and systems ultimately derived from the Code of Justinian, but heavily overlaid by Napoleonic, Germanic, canonical, feudal, and local practices,[3] as well as doctrinal strains such as natural law, codification, and legal positivism.
Legal systems in Europe
C.L : have drawn their inspiration largely from the Roman law heritage and which, by giving precedence to written law, have resolutely opted for a systematic codification of their general law. It is the most widespread system of law in the world.
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