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wall section

hello mister
by

brooke danychuk

on 10 December 2012

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Transcript of wall section

Do you want to know how to make a correct wall section? WALL SECTION Step 1 Step 2 Another essential item to make sure the house is in great condition for a long time is the weeping tile. Step 4 & 5 :) First, you have to make the footing. The footing is very important for the leveling of the house. It is usually twice the thickness of your wall and 6" thick, with rebar place parallel inside of the footing to keep everything secure and in the right place for as long as the house is standing. It is surrounded by gravel and is placed beside the footing to prevent flooding and damage to the basement walls. Step 3 Then, the sill plate ( a wooden board that is laid horizontally ) is placed over the foundation of a building. The vertical members of the framing called studs can then be constructed perpendicular on top off the sill plate. The studs carry vertical loads such as joists, headers, an sub-floors and are typically placed 16" apart ( not always ). Afterward, the concrete wall is pored on top of the footing. it is usually 12" think. When it is placed on top of the footing, the rebar goes inside of the concrete to keep the wall in place. At the top of the wall, an anchor bolt is placed. Step 6!!! Dry wall is then secured over top of the studs to get a smooth appeal to the wall. they are usually 4' x 8' 1/2" Step 7... :D A concrete slab, built 4" think to ensure the safety of the floor and security to the house. Underneath the slab is sand, gravel, or crushed stone. It is used for the basement flooring. Step 8?....
Yeah, step 8 :P Joists are placed 16", 18", or 24" apart, from:
-wall to wall
-beam to wall
-beam to beam
*They are used to support the ceiling, roof, and the floor for the level above.
*To cover the joists, builders use dry wall. STEP 9!!! footing weeping tile concrete wall crushed stone/sand/
gravel dry wall concrete slab studs sill plate floor joist Once those steps have been completed, move onto the next. Now you have to add a sub-flooring on top of the joists to ensure there is a smooth and level floor to walk on. **Don't forget to place the headers on either sides of the joists.** header double
header - To create another wall for your lovely home, you repeat the step for the basement wall; excluding the concrete wall.
- Instead of concrete, builders use sheets of plywood on the exterior side of the wall and drywall for the interior. - The studs typically line up perpendicular to the floor joists. STEP 11!! wahoooo! **After completing the wall, then you must move on to the sealing and roof.** The joists must be built at least 40 degrees flush to one another and directing away from the house to make sure that the water from rain (etc.) is going to slide off of the roof and into the gutter and eventually onto the ground. To be up to code, your house must have supporting joists perpendicularity to the bottom joist. **They should also be merging out off of the wall at least 16".** If you would like to have a nice living area below, there must be a sheet of plywood attached to the joists above. AFTER THAT.... 1st: soffit must be flush to the wall. 2nd: facia is placed over top of the soffit. 3rd: Eaves trof if then placed over top of the fascia to ensure that water does not seep into unwanted places. On top of the plywood is tar paper and in certain areas, ice and water is placed to prevent leaks.
Then the shingles are nailed on top. On top of the plywood, there is vapor barrier, then siding. **Grade must be sloping away from the house** Your amazing wall section and roof is now complete!!!!!!!! Good job!! THE END!

By: Brooke Danychuk INSULATION - Insulation needs to be installed in the exterior walls before the drywall is put up.
- It is also put in the sealing after the drywall is put up.
- It helps keep the cold air out and hot air in or vise versa when needed.
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