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American Indian Cultural Areas
Transcript of American Indian Cultural Areas
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/ Ojibwe)
Wyanadot (Huron) Big Cypress National Reserve. "Florida Panther." National Park Service. Web, 15 Nov. 2012. <http://www.nps.gov/bicy/forteachers/hardwood-hammocks.htm> Southeast Some Tribal Groups
Seminole American Indian Cultural Areas Badlands National Park. "Bison." National Park Service. Web, 15 Nov. 2012. <http://www.nps.gov/badl/naturescience/Bison.htm> Great Plains Some Notable Authors
Virginia Driving Hawk Sneve
Charles A. Eastman
John Joseph Mathews
N. Scott Momaday
Luther Standing Bear
James Welch Organ Pipe National Park. "Saguaro Cactus in Bloom." National Park Service. Web, 15 Nov. 2012. <http://www.nps.gov/orpi/naturescience/saguaro-cactus.htm> Southwest Some Tribal Groups
Zuni Northwest Coast Some Tribal Groups
Yurok Umatilla National Forest. "Wildflowers." United States Department of Agriculture. Web, 15 Nov. 2012. <http://www.fs.usda.gov/umatilla> (C) Bernadette A. Lear, ENGL 297, 2012 Great Basin Bryce Canyon National Park. "Odd Hoodo in the Snow." National Park Service. Web, 18 Nov. 2012 <http://www.nps.gov/brca/photosmultimedia/Winter-scenes.htm> Some Notable Authors
Greg Sarris Plateau Some Tribal Groups
Yakima Nez Perce National Historical Park. "Camas Flowers>' National Park Service. Web, 17 Nov. 2012. <http://www.nps.gov/nepe/naturescience/wildflowers.htm> Arctic & Subarctic (2 Regions) Some Tribal Groups
Eskimo / Inuit U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. "May 2012 National Home Page Stories." U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Web. 17 Nov. 2012. <http://www.fws.gov/phmay2012.html> California National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. :Big Sur Coastline." NOAA. Web, 17 Nov. 2012. <http://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/stories2008/20080212_thankyou.html> Folktales
Sedna (mistress of sea animals / underworld) Some Notable Authors
Mary TallMountain Geography
Greenland "A vast desert of cold ice, treeless tundra, and rocky islands and beaches ... this land is a difficult one, though with a stark and fantastic beauty of its own" (Bastian and Mitchell 9). Associated Words
Canoes / Kayaks
Caribou / Moose
Whales Notable Authors
Duane Niatum Geography
Northern California Associated Words
Caribou / Moose
Seals / Sea Lions
"Meeting of the Wild Animals"
"Raven Lights the World" More than 100 Tribal Groups
Wintun Associated Words
Fish / Shellfish
? "Conditions allowed the native peoples to flourish ... California was marked by a great complexity of tribal groups and languages ... Their spearation by mountain, valley, and coastland .... fostered divergence" (Bastian and Mitchell 14). Some Tribal Groups
Parts of CA, OR, ID, WY, CO Associated Words
"Blood Clot" Some Notable Authors
Sarah Winnemucca Some Notable Authors
Janet Campbell Hale
D'Arcy McNickle Folktales
"Creation of the White and the Red Races" Geography
Columbia and Fraser River Basins
Parts of BC, MT, WA, WY Associated Words
Trout "The Columbia, the Frasier, and their tributaries were the lifeblood of this landlocked region. Numerous small villages were located on their hospitable banks, travel and trade flourished, and were inevitably accompanied by cultural interchanges" (Bastian and Mitchell 17). Some Tribal Groups
From Rocky Mountains to Mississippi River Associated Words
Bison / Buffalo
"Old Man Coyote Makes the World"
"Two Bullets and Two Arrows"
"Iktome Sleeps With His Wife"
"Life and Death of Sweet Medicine" Some Notable Authors
Paula Gunn Allen
Leslie Marmon Silko
Laura Tohe Folktales
"Emerging into the Upper World"
"Man Who Married the Moon"
"Putting a Saddle on Coyote's Back" Geography
Arizona & New Mexico
Parts of UT, CO, & TX
Parts of Mexico Associated Words
Corn / Maize
Yucca Some Notable Authors
Linda Hogan Geography
Gulf of Mexico Associated Words
Corn / Maize
Pumpkins / Squash
Wattle & Daub Folktales
"Mud Diver Story" Some Notable Authors
Gerald Vizenor Associated Words
Forest / Woodlands
Wild Rice Folktales
"A New Way to Travel"
"Glooscap Grants Three Wishes"
"The Man Who Brought His Wife Back" Works Cited Bastian, Dawn E., and Judy K. Mitchell. Handbook of Native American Mythology. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2008. Print.
Waldman, Carl. Atlas of the North American Indian. New York: Facts on File, 2009. Print. Geography
Eastern Seaboard & Great Lakes
Northeastern & Midwestern States
Parts of Southeastern Canada "The ocean tempers and moistens the prevailing westerly winds and the mountain varrier blocks the vapor-laden breezes, creating abundant rainfall ... nourishing a lush evergreen forest with some of the tallest trees in the world ... For Northwest Coast Indians, the ocean, rivers, and forests offered up plentiful fish and game" (Waldman 41). "The rivers and streams of the Great Basin drain form the flanking uplands into the vast central depression, disappearing into 'sinks.' Since the mountains to the east and west block the rain clouds, rainfall is low and evaporations is high .... Because of aridity throughout the basin, vegetation is sparse ... Without many large mammals, Great Basin Indians primarily were hunters of small game, such as rabbits, rodents, snakes, lizards, and birds, and gatherers of seeds, nuts, berries, roots, and insects. ... Great Basin life was an unreleenting quest for food, water, and firewood ..." (Waldman 38). "While rivers, rain, and oases make life possible in this hot, arid region of desert and mountains, the availability of water fluctuates and is always a concern. ... Because farming in the Southwest was labor-intensive, requiring irrigation and flood control, the peoples gradually tranformed into increasingly sophisticated, sedentary village-dwelling farmers with a diet centered on maize, beans, and squash" (Bastian and Mitchell 21). "Few, if any, of these peoples could trace their ancestry within the region back more than several hundred years. ... The region became a melting pot as drought elsewhere and increasing population pressure in the Woodlands causes tribes to converge from all four directions ... By 1700 the horse was available throughout the Plains, and the native poeple rapidly became peerless riders, trainers, and breeders, enabling them to adopt a nomaic lifestyle organized around the buffalo hunt. In fact, the buffalo became the focus of Plains Indian culture, the center of their social life and daily routine. Its flesh provided them with food, its hides with clothing and shelter" (Bastian and Mitchell 19). "Despite the great physiographical diversity, the culture has one constant: the forest, both deciduous area and coniferous. And for the Indians of this area, the trees of the forest were the primary material for shelter, tools, and fueu, and the aimals of the forest, esepcially, deer, were the primary food source" (Waldman 34) "Early explorers who penetrated the Southeast found a Native society that was one of the most advanced north of Mesoamerica, by which it was strongly influenced. The Southeastern Indians were accomplished builders and skilled craftsmen, farmers, fishermen, and hunters, who were knowledgeable in the use of herbs and medicines as well as conservation of natural resources" (Bastian and Mitchell 23)