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Scarlett McIntosh

on 8 September 2013

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Transcript of Notes:

Short Story Elements:
This is the time and place of a story.

Setting can be great importance in establishing not only the physical background, but also in creating the atmosphere/ mood of story.
This is the personality of a character. The storyteller develops a character through "indirect methods of characterization".

Short Story Elements!
By: Scarlett McIntosh
Plot is the action or sequence of events in a literary work. It is a series of related events that build upon one another.
Plot includes:
*what the character say, does, or think.
*what happens to the character
Everything that the narrator described about the characters.
The exposition is often before the plot begins, a section of "exposition" is provided, which i the introduction that presents the background information to help readers understand the situation of the story.
Rising Action:
Rising Action is the series of struggles (conflicts and complications) that builds a story towards its climax.
How in "The Interlopers" it explains that Ulrich von Grandwitz and Georg Znaeym were enemies.
Point of greatest intensity, interest, or suspense, in a narrative that will somehow determine the outcome of the story. it is the turning point that changes everything in the story.
Ex. In "The Necklace" when she loses the necklace is the climax.
Ex. In "The Interlopers" when they get stuck under the tree is the rising action.
Falling Action:
The part of the story that shows the "working out" of the action that occurred during climax. this leads up to resolution.
Ex. In "The Necklace" when she spent all the time working to pay off the necklace was the falling action.
Also called the "denouement". This is the portion of the story where the problem is somehow resolved. bring story to a close.
Ex. When they saw the wolves in "The Interlopers"
Ex. Where the characters were in "The Necklace" also including the time frame of the story.
Ex. When the narrator described the characteristics of the characters in "The Interlopers".
How to show you are giving characterization:
showing a character acting or speaking.
giving a physical description of a character.
by revealing a characters thoughts.
Types of characters:
Static- They remain same throughout entire story.
Dynamic- They change in some important way throughout story.
Rounded- A developed character(we got to know them)
Flat- A undeveloped character.
Protagonist- This is the chief character in a work on whom our interests centers. Usually the main character in a story.

Antagonists- This is the character or force that opposes the protagonists. Usually the enemy in the story.
Point of View:
Point of View is the angle or position of which a story is told. First-person POV and Second-person POV and the two basic types of point of view.
First-Person: In this view, the story is told by one of the characters in their own words, using "I".
Third-Person: Through this view, the story is told by someone outside the story, using "he" or "she". They may be working in a "omniscient" or "limited omniscient" view.
Omniscient- This narrator is a all-knowing observer who can describe all the characters actions, thoughts, or feelings.
Limited Omniscient- This storyteller shares thoughts and feeling of only one person or a select group of characters.
Theme is the main idea or basic literary work. Themes are universal truths about life. It is usually just a statement about life that we know and accept to be true.
Theme can be express "directly", but most of the time they are "implicit".
Ex. In "The Necklace" the theme was must work for what we want.
Ex: The POV in "The Interlopers" was Third-Person omniscient.
Mood is the feeling a text arouses and creates in the reader/audience. It is the attitude the reader has toward the story.
Ex. In "The Interlopers" we felt happy that the characters were no longer enemies and had made up.
Suspense is when a story makes the audience feel tense about the outcome of the events. Suspense is greatest when focused on a character the reader cares about.
Ex. In "The Interlopers" when they saw the wolves.
Foreshadowing is when the writer plants clues or hints to what happens next in a story. This also helps prepare reader for outcome of story.
Ex. in "The Interlopers" when they see the wolves, we suppose they die.
This is putting yourself in someone else`s place and imagining and understanding how that person feels.
Ex. In "The Necklace" when we felt bad for the character paying back all her debt for a fake.
Poetic Justice:
This is a term linked to irony that describes a character getting what they deserve. This rewards virtue and punishes vice.
Ex. In "The Necklace" she had to pay back a fake necklace for being kinda greedy.
Figurative Language:
Any language that is used to create or special feeling or feeling in writing. It is meant to be figured out.
Examples of Figurative Language:
a comparison of two unlike things using "like" or "as" to build a clearer understanding or meaning.
Ex. ("My love is like a burning inferno.")
a comparison of two unlike things WITHOUT the use of "like" or "as" to build a clearer understanding or meaning.
Ex. ("Variety is the spice of life!")
when the author speaks of or describes an animal, object, or idea as if it were a person.
Ex. ("The moon smiled down at me.")
the combination of contradictory terms put into a single term
Ex. the term "jumbo shrimp"
This is the use of words to create a certain picture in a readers mind. The reader can experience the sensation in their imagination.
There is imagery of:
Ex. "It smelled like roses."
Tone is the overall feeling or effect created by writers words. Tone reveals writers attitude to his own subject matter.
Ex. In "The Necklace" the tone of the story at the beginning is very sad.
Flashback is the device when a work presents material that occurred prior to opening scene of work.
Ex. In "The Interlopers" when they thought back to all the feuds they had.
This is a indirect reference to a familiar person, place, or thing event that the writes expects us to recognize.
Ex. "That`s almost as sad as the titanic."
This is a story in which people, things, and actions represent an idea or generalization about life.
Ex. N/A
This is when a moment a clear understanding causes a character to change. It is the sudden grasp of reality achieved in a quick flash of recognition.
Ex. In "The Interlopers" one of the characters had an epiphany about his relationship with his enemy.
Ex. In "The Necklace" when the characters talked to one another.
This is a conversation carried on by the characters in the story.
This is something in a literary work that maintains its own meaning while at the same time representing something broader than itself.
Ex. The dove means peace.
This is act of feeling compassion for someone or something.
Ex. In "The Necklace" when we felt bad for the character paying back all her debt for a fake.
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