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BALLET

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by

Alexia Pérez

on 5 March 2015

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Transcript of BALLET

FILMS
-Black swan
-The red shoes
-The company
-Center stage
MOST
IMPORTANT
PLAYS

BOOKS
HOLDING ON TO THE AIR
-by Suzanne Farrell
and Toni Bentley
COMPANIES
DANCERS
-
Anna Pavlova
(1881-1931)
, Russia. Famous for Dying Swan.
-
Galina Ulanova
(1910-1998)
, Russia. Famous for Romeo and Juliet
-
Alicia Markova
(1910-2004)
, Britain. Famous for Giselle.
-
Suzanne Farrell
(1945-)
, USA. Famous for Don Quixote
-
Nadia Nerina
(1927-2008)
, South Africa. Famous for La Fille Mal Gardée.
POSITIONS
ORIGIN
-Originated in Italy, during the Renaissance (XV-XVI cent.)
-Arrived to France thanks to Louis XIV.
-At first, dancers wore masks and ballet shoes had hills.
-The vocabulary comes from french
words.
-Russia has become one of the most ballet influenced countries.
-In the XX cent., Serge Diaghilev
created the Ballet Russes.
BALLET
Turn your toes out to the side with your heels touching. Remember to turn out from the hip, not your knees.
SECOND POSITION
Turn out your toes on the same line as first position but stand with your feet apart (about 1.5 length of your foot). Remember to center your weight equally over each foot.
THIRD POSITION
Cross one foot halfway in front of each other. This position is seldom used in adult ballet and used only if you have difficulty assuming fifth position.
FOURTH POSITION
FIFTH POSITION
Your feet should be turned out, fully crossed. Ideally, the goal is to work for each feet to be touching each other firmly.
FEET
ARMS
FIRST POSITION
Maintaining the curved shape, arms are brought up so that the tips of the fingers are in line with the navel or no higher than the sternum.
SECOND POSITION
Arms are out to the sides, angled down and forward, with palms facing forward. Elbows are slightly lower than the shoulders, and wrists are at the level of the elbows.
THIRD POSITION
One arm stays as in second position in front of the navel, and the other is round and above your head.
FIFTH POSITION
Arms are extended above your head, slightly frontwards, as arms maintain a gently curved line. Shoulders must be kept down.
FIRST POSITION
THE SWAN LAKE
-Premiered in 1877 in Moscow, Russia.
-Tchaikovsky's masterpiece work.
-Originally titled
The lake of the swans.
-It is considered to be the greatest ballet of all time.
STORY
Odette is a princess who was cursed by Von Rothbart to become a swan by day, but human by night. A prince named Siegfried, sees the swan form of Odette transforming into a beautiful woman and falls in love. They go to a ball together but she leaves very soon to transform back into a swan in the morning. The prince looks for her and finds another woman, named Odile, who looks like Odette. This is planned, of course, by Von Rothbart, and when Siegfried falls in love with Odile, Odette is cursed to be a swan forever. Realizing his mistake Siegfried seeks forgiveness, but Odette is eternally bound to be a swan, so they both kill themselves and ascend into heaven together.
SHORT VIDEO
ROMEO AND JULIET
-Premiered in 1938 in Russia.
-Composed by Sergei Prokofiev.
-Based on Shakespeare's play.
-Many people believe that Prokofiev's Romeo and Juliet is the greatest ballet score ever written
GISELLE
-It premiered in 1841 in the Royal Music Academy Theater.
-It is a ballet filled with emotion and beautiful dances.
STORY
It is about a young peasant girl named Giselle, who meets a nobleman dressed as a commoner and falls in love with him, not knowing that he is of noble birth. When another man who loves Giselle, named Hilarion, outs the nobleman, Giselle realises that she cannot be with him, upon which she goes mad and dies of a weak heart. In the second act, when Hilarion goes to grieve at Giselles’ grave, he is greeted by spirits of dead women called Wilis, who throw him into a river and kill him. When the nobleman comes, the Wilis sentence him to death as well, but the spirit of Giselle saves his life, and she then departs at peace to the afterlife.
THE NUTCRACKER
-Premiered in 1892 in Moscow, Russia.
-It is based on Hoffmann’s ``The Nutcracker and the Mouse King´´.
-Performed in many ballet companies.
-It is one of the most famous plays.
-
In UK: Royal Ballet, English National Ballet
-In Russia: Mariinsky Ballet and Bolshoi Ballet
-In France: Paris Opera Ballet
-In Italy: La Scala Ballet
-In US: American Ballet Theater, New York City Ballet.
-In Germany: The Hamburg Ballet.
-In the Netherlands: Dutch National Ballet
It is the autobiography of Suzanne Farrell, one of the greatest dancers of all times along with Toni Bentley, which is one of the greatest writers of ballet books.
She details her dance career with lots of anecdotes about herself and other well-known dancers with the New York City Ballet.
ONCE A DANCER

-by Allegra Kent
DANCING ON MY GRAVE
-by Gelsey Kirkland
It is an autobiography and it ranks as the most interesting book written by a ballet dancer ever. She was a principal dancer in the New York City Ballet.
WINTER SEASON: A DANCER'S JOURNAL

-by Toni Bentley
It is a beautifully written book by dancer Toni Bentley describing a year with the New York City Ballet.
Anna Pavlova
Galina Ulanova
Suzanne Farrell
THANKS FOR WATCHING!
-Julia H. and Alexia P. :)
Feet are turned out but apart.If they are directly opposite each other, it is called a closed fourth position . If they are not, it is called an open fourth position.
-Atlanta Ballet
-Listverse
-Ballet diaries of an adult ballet dancer
-Deballet
-Ballet Connections
CITING SOURCES
Full transcript