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NSTP - Chapter 5

Raine anne M

on 20 March 2014

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Transcript of DRUG ADDICTION



Speed up the functions of the CNS.
A lot of people use the following stimulants everyday:
Group 5
Balabbo, Raneliza Tabarangao, Avegail
Edrosolo, Lyka Beatriz
Sultan, Rose Nicole
Irupang, Carmela Joy
Tabon, Jeet Syra

One of the problems that is seriously affecting the Filipino youth today is Drug Addiction.

Addiction is a complex disorder characterized by compulsive drug use. People who are addicted feel an overwhelming, uncontrollable need for drugs, or alcohol, even in the face of negative consequences. This self-destructive behavior can be hard to understand.
Refer to the use of any drug, which may be detrimental to the user's Physical, Emotional, Social, Intellectual or Spiritual well-being.
"Substance Abuse"
There are 3 main types of Drugs

Slow down, or depress, the functions of the central nervous system.
This includes:
2. Opiates and Opioids

Including Heroin [known as 'H' , 'hammer' , 'smack' and 'gear'] , Morphine, Codeine, Methadone, and Buprenorphine
3. Cannabis
[Also known as 'green' , 'smoke' , 'weed' , 'pot' , 'dope' , 'cone' and 'mull'] , including Marijuana, Hashhish, and Hash oil.
4. Minor Tranquilizers/ benzodiazepines
5. Some solvents and inhalants like vapours from petrol, glue, chrome paint, ang lighter fluid.
(cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr
It can make you feel relaxed. Some may cause Euphoria and a sense of calm and well-being.
It can affect coordination, concentration and judgement
Used to 'wind down' or remove anxieties, stress or inhibition
It can cause unconsciousness by reducing breathing and heart rate.
Nausea, vomiting, and, in extreme cases, death
Speech may become slurred and their movements sluggish and uncoordinated.
Caffeine: coffee, tea and cola drinks contain caffeine
2. Nicotine
3. Ephedrine
Increase heart rate, body temperature and blood pressure
Reduced Appetite, Dilated pupils, Talkativeness, Agitation, and Sleep Disturbance
Anxiety, Panic, Seizures, Headaches,Stomach cramps, Aggression and paranoia.
Can cause heart problems such as Arrhythmia.
are drugs that distort the user's perceptions of reality
Dilation of pupils, loss of apetite, increased activity, talking/laughing, jaw clenching, sweating, and nausea/stomach cramps
Panic, paranoia,and loss of contact with the reality. In extreme cases, this may result in dangerous behavior
Commonly Abused Drugs
Common signs of Drug Addiction
A. Physical
Bloodshot eyes or pupils that are larger or smaller than usual
Changes in appetite, sleeping patterns. sudden weight loss or gain
Detoriation of physical appearance and personal grooming habits
Unusual smells on breath, body or clothing
tremors, slurred speech, or impaired coordination
B. Behavioral
drop in attendance and performance at work or school
Unexplained need for money/ financial problems. May borrow/steal to get it.
Engaging in secretive or suspicious behaviors.
Sudden change in friends, favorite hangouts, and hobbies
Frequently getting into troubles
C. Psychological
Unexplained change in personality or attitude.
Sudden mood swings, irritability, or angry outburst
Periods of unusual hyperactivity, agitation/giddiness
Lack of motivation; Lethargic or "spaced out".
Appears fearful, anxious, paranoid with no reason
Causes of Drug Addiction
Effects of Drug Addiction
Initial stage of drug addiction:
Irregular breathing
Increase in heart rate and blood pressure
Long-term Effect of drug addiction is more serious.
Some of the dangerous disease caused by drug addiction:
Lung disease
Heart disease
Brain damage
Children of alcoholics or drug users generally have Low Self-esteem and see their parents escaping from problems using drugs
Influences and activities outside the home environment include inappropriate classroom behavior and association with peers involved in the use of drugs.
People who have low self-esteem, often depressed, and those who feel they have no control with their lives
Drugs are easily accessible
The lack of a healthy, nurturing home environment or the presence of a chaotic lifestyle in childhood has been shown to increase the use of drugs as users seek to obtain a feeling of acceptance and importance.
=> Is a toxic substance.
It is a central nervous system depressant that is rapidly absorbed from the stomach and small intestine into the bloodstream.
Alcohol affects every organ in the drinker's body and can damage a developing fetus. heavy use can increase risk of certain cancers, stroke, and liver disease
=> is a powerful stimulating drug which produces many effects including increased energy, increased alertness, euphoria and decreased appetite. Amphetamine can be physically and mentally addictive.
=> substances abused by body builders and other athletes.
Aggression,para-noia as well as devastating long-tern effects like infertility and organ failure
=> is a bitter, white crystalline xanthine alkaloid that acts as a stimulant drug.
When consumed in excess can produsce palpitation, insomia, tremors and significant anxiety
=> a depressant drug that comes from Indian hemp plants. It is commonly known as 'Marijuana'
This may lead to infertility, paranoia, and lack of motivation
=> drug that tends to stimulate the nervous system. It can be snorted in powder form, smoked when in rock form, or injected in liquid form
Irregular heart beat.
Heart attack.
Chest pain.
Respiratory failure.
Seizures and headaches.
Abdominal pain and nausea.
=> this tends to create a sense of euphoria and an expansive love or desire to nurture others
In overdose, it can increase body temperature to the point of being fatal.
=> these drugs are dangerous because they can alter the perceptions of the user

=>These usually contained in household cleaners like Ammonia, bleach and other substances emit fumes.
Brain damage, even to the point of death
=> Additive substance found in cigarettes,
=> Also called Narcotics . this drug sharply decreases the functioning of nervous system.
=> PCP is a synthetic drug sold as tablets, capsules, or white or colored powder. It can be snorted, smoked, or eaten.
User can feel extremely paranoid, aggressive and have unusual physical strength
=> This substances quell or depress the nervous system. Often refer as Tranquilizer/Sleeping pills
People who get into drug abuse do not have the power to control it. They reach the condition where non-consumption of these drugs make them feel restless, depressed and anxious.
Drug addiction is one of the causes of increased crime rate in society. It does not only affect people, but also the families and friends of the user.
Drug Addiction is said to have resulted to the breakdown of many families, and they even lose their friends.
How to Avoid/
Drug Addiction
1. Say no to illegal Drugs
2. Do not take more than you are directed to.
3. Communicate with your doctor
4. Do not "finish" pain medication
5. Never take pills for fun
1. LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide): Also known as 'trips' , 'acis' and 'microdots'
2. Magic mushroom (psilocybin): also known as 'mushies'
3. Mescaline (peyote cactus)
4. Ecstasy (MDMA/methylenedioxymethamphetamine): also known as 'E' , 'XTC' and 'Eccies'
5. Ketamine: also known as 'K' and 'special K'
=>used in medicines for bronchitis, fever and asthma

Institutions w/c are Engaged in Drug Treatment & Prevention
A. Government Agencies/Organizations
1. Department of Health (DOH)
2. Dangerous Drug Board (DDB)
> makes policies, strategies and programs on drug prevention and control
3.Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA)
4. Quezon City Drug Treatment & Rehabilitation Center
> responsible for efficient and effective law enforcement of all the provisions on any dangerous drugs.
> provides free counseling and drug test
B. Non-Government Agencies/Organizations
1. Seagull's Flight Foundation Inc., Tagaytay City
> non-stock, non-profitable organization dedicated to the treatment & rehabilitation of substance dependents and other behavioral problems & disorders
2. Home Sweet Hope-Nazareth Foundation House- A Bob Garon Therapeutic Community
> This is a residential unit in w/c 'residents' live together in an extended family environment. It features discipline with love & respect, and constructive criticism. It teaches those users with low self-esteem to deal with life's problem without turning to any form of escape like drugs, alcohol, gambling and other substance abuse
The End
>also known as 'speed' , 'ice' and'crystal meth'
4. Amphetamines & Methamphetamines :
5. Cocaine
> also known as 'coke' and 'snow'
6. Slimming tablets
> e.g. Duromine and Tenuate
7. Dexamphetamine
prescribed to treat attention-deficit in children and narcolepsy, which is an uncontrollable urge to all asleep
Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002 or R.A. no. 9165
>is a consolidation of senate bill no. 1858 and house bill no. 4433. This act repealed the R.A. no. 6425, known as Dangerous Drugs Act of 1972. This act was signed by former Pres. Gloria M. Arroyo on January 23, 2002
Under this act, the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) remains as the policy-making and strategy-prevention & control.
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