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Psychology Presentaton by: Liderick, Amber and Corie

Corie White

on 22 April 2010

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Transcript of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia Symptoms of Schizophrenia Distorted Perceptions of Reality People with Schizophrenia live in a world distorted by hallucinations and delusions.

These people may tend to feel frightened, anxious, and confused.

Due to their unusual realities they experience various behaviors.

At times they seem distant or preoccupied and do not move for hours.

Other times they move constantly, are occupied and alert. Hallucinations What are Hallucinations? Disturbances of perception that are common
in people suffering from schizophrenia These perceptions can occur without any connection to
an appropriate source.
Where do Hallucinations occur? Hallucinations can occur in any sensor form through, auditory, visual, tactile, gustatory and olfactory.

The most common type of hallucination for schizophrenia is hearing voices.
Delusions What are Delusions?
What are Delusions? Delusions are false personal beliefs that are not subject to reason or contradictory evidence. Include: Distorted Perceptions of Reality Hallucinations Delusions Disordered Thinking Emotional Expression Disordered Thinking Schizophrenia often affects a persons ability to "think Straight" this may make conversation very difficult and can contribute to social isolation. Emotional Expression People with schizophrenia often show "blunted" or "flat" affect A person with schizophrenia may not show the signs of normal emotion, perhaps may speak in a monotonous voice Motivation can be greatly decreased, as can interest in or enjoyment of life Diagnosis of Schizophrenia cAN Children have SCHIZOPHRENIA? children over the age of 5 can develop schizphrenia; however, it is very rare to develop before adolescence the psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia hallucinations and delusions are extremely uncommon before adolescence. Schizophrenia As An Illness first signs of schizophrenia Consequences of Illness do people fully recover from it? consequences of Illness? Even when treatment is effective there are still consequences... like: lost opportunities stigma medication side effects All of these aspects can be very troubling to a person with schizophrenia First signs of schizophrenia The first signs of schizophrenia often appear as confusing, or even shocking, changes in behavior. The sudden onset of severe psychotic symptoms is referred to as an "acute" phase of schizophrenia. psychosis is a state of mental impairment marked by hallucinations Obvious Less Obvious Social Isolation withdrawal unusual speech unusual thinking unusual behavior All of these can be seen along with, or following psychotic symptoms Do people Recover? Some people who only have one or many psychotic episode during a lifetime lead relatively normal lives during the interim periods. however, individuls with "chronic" schizophrenia or continuous patter of illness, often do not fully recover normal functioning. for these individuals they require long-term treatment, such as medication to control symptoms. Other Resources and Places of Institutions The National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI) 200 North Glebe Road, Suite 1015 Arlington, VA 22203-3754
Website: http://www.nami.org National Mental Health Association (NMHA) 1021 Prince Street Alexandria, VA 22314-2971
Website: http://www.nmha.org National Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia and Depression (NARSAD) 60 Cutter Mill Road, Suite 404 Great Neck, NY 11021
Website: http://www.mhsource.com Future Outlook and Research The outlook for people with schizophrenia has improved over the last 25 years.
Although progress has been made toward better understanding and treatment of schizophrenia, continued investigation is urgently needed.
Wide-range of research efforts, including basic studies of the brain, will help with the understanding of schizophrenia better.
20 to 30 percent of people with schizophrenia recover substantially over years or decades.
Social Support and Psychosocial Treatment Patients support system may come from several sources (family, friends, shelters)
Family and community are main sources of support. Laws protecting patients from involuntary treatment. Someone close to a person with schizophrenia. Antipsychotic medications (Clozaril, Risperdal, Zyprexa) Psychological interventions WHAT IS SCHIZOPHRENIA? Schizophrenia is a brain disease (chronic, severe and disabling). 1 percent of Americans develop during lifetime; more than 2 million/year affects men and women equally:
Men: late tees, early twenties
Women: Twenties - Thirties hear internal voices not heard by others. believe that other people are reading their mind, controlling their thoughts or plotting to harm them. These symptoms leave them fearful and withdrawn Their speech and behavior become disorganized so they may be incomprehensible or frightening to others no more than 1 in 5 people recover completely No known causes and What causes Schizophrenia? It runs in families, appears that multiple genes are involved. Likely to be associated with an imbalance of chemicals in the brain. Which are: dopamine and Glutamate Also caused by... Abnormalities in brain structure. subtle, not characteristic of all with schizophrenia, not only in people with schizophrenia. Treatment of Schizophrenia Include: Antipsychotics psychosocial treatments rehabilitation Individual psychotherapy cognitive behavior psychotherapy family education self help groups community and social support Medications used as sources of treatments are.. Abilify Clozaril Haldol geodon Lidone loxitane Mellaril Moban Navane Orap (for Tourette's syndrome) Permitil Prolixin Risperdal Serentil Seroquel Stelazine Taractan Thorazine Trilafon Vesprin Zyprexa The End by: Linderick, Amber, Corie Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of intervention on top of medication for the negative symptoms of schizophrenia Also.. The development of effective treatments for negative symptoms has the potential to remediate the functional disability associated with schizophrenia and..
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