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The impact of storytelling techniques on documentary editing

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fila tova

on 3 December 2014

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Transcript of The impact of storytelling techniques on documentary editing

Impact of storytelling techniques
The relation between two stages
idea
development
pitch
research
production
editing
USE OF NARRATION - "VOICE OF GOD"
voice of authority/celebrity used
person never appears on the screen
speaks directly to the audience
NO NARRATION
story based on the footage, not on the scripted text
mix of interview clips
"holes" filled in post-production
THE STORYTELLER, OR THE HOST
point of view
host as a guide leading through the story
participation in the story
SUMMARY
storytelling technique defines the form and the style
REENACTMENT
used to cover missing segments of past events
usually as a part of a film
fully scripted
on documentary editing
IDEA
EDITING
Idea defines FORM
Form defines STORYTELLING TECHNIQUE
Storytelling technique defines EDITING style
“To me style is just the outside of content, and content the inside of style, like the outside and the inside of the human body - both go together, they can’t be separated”.

Jean-Luc Godard

4 MAIN STORYTELLING TECHNIQUES
- USE OF NARRATION

- STORYTELLER/HOST

- NO NARRATION

- REENACTMENT/DOCUDRAMA
USED FOR:
Educational TV programs
Nature&Wildlife documentaries
EDITING:
illustrates the commentary
continuity
long takes
USED FOR:
EDITING:
travel documentaries
natural history
investigating documentaries
illustrates the commentary
dynamic cut
wider variety of shots
more complicated sound-mix
number of staged shots
USED FOR:
EDITING:
portraits
character-based documentaries
various types of documentaries
footage-based
more experimental
dynamic
on-screen text
graphics
effects
USED FOR:
EDITING:
historical documentaries
segments of past story
mixed with archival footage
following the script
rich use of effects
blur
colour correction
low light
shadows
filters
HOWEVER:
director decides
combination of styles
no boundaries to deliver the message to the audience
THANK YOU!
Bibliography

Baker, Maxine (2005), Documentary in the Digital Age. UK: Elsevier Science Ltd.

Balmuth, Bernard (1989), Introduction to Film Editing. Boston, Mass: Focal Press.

Bernard, Sheila Curran (2007), Documentary Storytelling: Making Stronger and More Dramatic Nonfiction Films. USA: Elsevier Science Ltd.

Bernard, Sheila Curran (2003), Documentary Storytelling for Video and Filmmakers. USA: Focal Press.

Browne, Steven (2002), Video Editing: A Postproduction Primer. USA: Elsevier Science.

Chang, Justin (2012), FilmCraft: Editing. UK: The Ilex Press Ltd.

Chapman, Jane (2007), Documentary in Practice: Filmmakers and Production Choices. UK: Polity Press.

Crittenden, Roger and Murch, Walter (2005), Fine Cuts: The Art of European Film Editing. UK: Elsevier Science Ltd.

Dancyger, Ken (2002), Technique of Film and Video Editing History, Theory, and Practice. USA: Focal Press.

De Jong, Wilma (2011), Creative Documentary: Theory and Practice. Harlow, England: Pearson Education Ltd.

Glynne, Andy (2013), Documentaries...and How to Make Them. Harpenden, UK: Oldcastle Books.

Hampe, Barry (1997), Making Documentary Films And Reality Videos. New York: Henry Holt & Company, LLC.

Jolliffe, Genevieve (2012), The Documentary Filmmakers Handbook. USA: Continuum International Publishing Group.

Kochberg, Searle (2002), Introduction to Documentary Production: A Guide for Media Students. London, UK: Wallflower
Press.

Nichols, Bill (1985), Movies and Methods: Vol. II. United States: University of California Press.

Rabiger, Michael (2009), Directing the Documentary. Burlington, USA: Elsevier Science Ltd.

Wohl, Michael (2010), Final Cut Pro 7 Advanced Editing. Berkeley, Calif: Peachpit Press.
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