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APA Workshop

APA format and documentation
by

Elizabeth Tyler

on 22 September 2015

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Transcript of APA Workshop

APA Format and Documentation
Where to go for help

The Wadsworth Handbook (10th edition)

The Gaston College Writing Center (RCB 236 & LC 202)
- 704-922-2369 (Dallas Campus)
- 704-748-5223 (Lincoln Campus)
- writingcenter@gaston.edu

www.owl.english.purdue.edu/owl
www.citationmachine.net
www.easybib.com
www.bibme.org





Explanation: 1) period after date; 2) italicize title of document; 3) only capitalize first word in title; 4) insert “from” after “Retrieved;” and 5) use a hanging indent.
Revised
National Sleep Foundation. (2002) Adolescent Sleep Needs and Patterns. Retrieved http://www.sleepfoundation.org
Catch the Error #5 (reference – web source)






Explanation: 1) only initials for first names; 2) year in parentheses followed by period; 3) italicize journal name; 4) no “Vol.,” just italicize; and 5) use a hanging indent.
Revised
Bretschneider, John Garrett and McCoy, Nancy Lewis, 1968. Sexual interest and behavior in healthy 80-102-year-olds. Archives of Sexual Behavior, Vol. 14, 343-350.
Catch the Error #4 (reference – journal article)
Parker (2003) found that there was “no significant difference between the treatment group and the control group” (p. 12).

Explanation: Since a direct quote was used, a page number must be provided after the quote.
Revision
Parker (2003) found that there was “no significant difference between the treatment group and the control group.”
Catch the Error #3 (in-text citation)
Neither group showed any significant growth (Wong & Tuttle, 2005).

Explanation: Use an ampersand (&) when citing parenthetically and put a comma between author(s) and year of publication.
Revised
Neither group showed any significant growth (Wong and Tuttle 2005).
Catch the Error #2 (in-text citation)
Hollingshead (2002) measured aggressiveness in children before and after exposure to violent videogames.

Explanation: The year comes after the researcher’s name. No page number is needed if there is no direct quote.
Revised
Hollingshead measured aggressiveness in children before and after exposure to violent videogames (2002, p. 15).
Catch the Error #1 (in-text citation)
Some web sources (web document, web page) may not include the date, page numbers, or even an author. List as much of the information as possible (you sometimes have to hunt around to find the information; don't be lazy).
Reference List: Electronic Sources
Online articles follow the same guidelines for printed articles. Include all information the online host makes available, including an issue number in parentheses.

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of
Reference List: Electronic Sources
Unknown Author
Reference List: Books
APA style dictates that authors are named last name followed by initials; publication year goes between parentheses, followed by a period. Only the first word in the title of the article is capitalized.


Reference List: Books
Authors' names are inverted (last name first)
The list is alphabetized by the last name
Use a hanging indention
When referring to books, chapters, articles, or Web pages, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle
Italicize titles of works such as books and journals
When listing works with no author, alphabetize using the first word of the article name
References (not Works Cited)
REFERENCES
Electronic source

Cite the same as any other document by using the author-date style.
If no author or date is given, use the title in your signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n.d." (for "no date").

(“The APA Workshop," n.d.).

When an electronic source lacks page numbers, you should try to include information that will help readers find the passage being cited.
According to Smith (1997), ... (Mind over Matter section, para. 6).
In-text citations
No author
If the work does not have an author, cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses.

Children struggling to control their weight must also struggle with the pressures of television advertising that, on the one hand, encourages the consumption of junk food and, on the other, celebrates thin celebrities (“Child Obesity,” 2002).
In-text citations
DIRECT QUOTES:

According to Sothern and Gordon (2003), “Environmental factors may contribute as much as 80% to the causes of childhood obesity” (p. 104).
In-text citations
In-text citations
(Author’s last name, year of publication)
In-text citations
These parenthetical citations will correspond with your “References” page.

They are essential when you quote something directly and when you paraphrase information.
In-text citations

IN-TEXT
CITATIONS
The running header will be an abbreviated form of the title on the left (unless the title is short to begin with). On the title page, the words "Running head" followed by a colon will precede the title (Running head:). On the following pages, on the abbreviated version of the title or the title (if it is short) will appear on the left in all capital letters. The page number will appear on the right on every page.
Header
Format

In-text citations

References
Parts of APA
It’s similar to MLA, but APA (American Psychological Association) is used most commonly within the social sciences.
Because there is a strong push within APA to remain objective and gender neutral, authors’ first names are avoided.
Furthermore, there is an emphasis on the publication date because science is typically more concerned with current research.
What is it?
Group Activity
Spot the errors in the following in-text citations and reference list entries.

Rewrite the citation/reference.

The periodical title is capitalized like a normal title and also italicized, followed by the volume number, which is also italicized.
Reference List:
Articles in Periodicals
Two authors:
Name both authors in the signal phrase or in the parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word "and" between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in the parentheses.
Research by Wegener and Petty (1994) supports...
(Wegener & Petty, 1994)
In-text citations
APA encourages subheadings within the paper when transitioning to a new topic within the paper.
Subheadings should be centered (12 point font & bold).
Format
Format & Documentation
APA
Online Periodical, volume number(issue number if available).
Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/ur
Hollingshead measured aggressiveness in children before and after exposure to violent videogames (2002, p. 15).
Neither group showed any significant growth (Wong and Tuttle 2005).
Parker (2003) found that there was “no significant difference between the treatment group and the control group.”
National Sleep Foundation. (2002) Adolescent Sleep Needs and Patterns. Retrieved http://www.sleepfoundation.org
Bretschneider, John Garrett and McCoy, Nancy Lewis, 1968. Sexual interest and behavior in healthy 80-102-year-olds. Archives of Sexual Behavior, Vol. 14, 343-350
The number of overweight Americans is growing but many health care providers still remain ignorant about the health dangers to the poor and the young in our society (Critser, 2003).

Critser (2003) noted that despite growing numbers of overweight Americans, many health care providers still “remain either in ignorance or outright denial about the health danger to the poor and the young” (p. 5).
In-text Citations
Paraphrasing:
Obese children often engage in limited physical activity (Sothern & Gordon, 2003).
In-text citations
A work with three to five authors:
1st Reference: (Sparks, Wilson, Jacobs, & Hewitt, 2008)
Subsequent Reference in the same paragraph: (Sparks et al.)
Later in Paper: (Sparks et al., 2008)
et al.= "and others"
A work by six or more authors:
(Sparks et al., 2006)
* Use (p. #) for page numbers with direct quotes--no need for this when paraphrasing
* If there are not page numbers, use (para. #) to denote the paragraph you got the quote from
* (Sothern & Gordon, 2003, p.104) if the names and date were not mentioned in the prose
Title Page
Abstract
This is an example of a title page . According to
The Wadsworth Handbook
(GC's standard for grammar), instead of the "Author Note," put your class, instructor, and the date the assignment is due centered at the bottom of the page.
The second page of your paper is the Abstract. It is a summary of your paper and should be a paragraph long. Center the word Abstract at the top of the page, and do not indent the paragraph.
Format
All APA papers should be :

12 point

Times New Roman Font

Double Spaced
Full transcript