Transcript of Nirvana
By: Olivia Hakan Nirvana The music The members Kurt Cobain Dave Grohl krist novoselic Their story What they left musicians today The band first started with friends (lead guitarist and vocalist) Kurt Cobain and (bassist) Krist Novoselic. Cobain gave Novoselic his demo tape of a project he was working on called fecal matter. At first Novoselic refused to even listen to it, but three years after the two had met (1887) he did and suggested that he and Cobain start a group. When they first started they recruited Bob McFadden on drums but that quickly fell apart, later that year they recruited another drummer Aaron Burckhard. They practiced music from fecal matter but soon started writing new material. In the first few months the band existed they went through many names (skid row, pen cap chews, bliss, and ted ed Fred) they finally settled on Nirvana (meaning Liberation of the soul from the effects of karma and from bodily existence), which Cobain said was chosen because "I wanted a name that was kind of beautiful or nice and pretty instead of a mean, raunchy punk rock name. They soon lost contact with Burckhard so they practiced with Dale Crover, recording its first demo in January 1988 and Crover moved away recommending Dave foster as a replacement drummer. This didn’t last long, during time in jail he was replaced by a returning Burckhard who soon was out of the band and replaced by Chad Channing. November 1988 Nirvana released its first single “Love Buzz” with record label sub pop, which they were soon signed to. The next month they began recording their debut album bleach. In April 1990 the band began working on a follow-up album to bleach with producer Butch Vig, during these sessions Cobain and Novoselic became unhappy with Channing’s drumming and he was upset that he was tnot actively involved in songwriting. When Nirvana started to get attention from major record labels Channing left. In July they recorded “silver” wit drummer Dan Peters, Buzz Osborne of the Melvins introduced the band to Dave Grohl, who was looking for a new band after the sudden break-up of Scream. After arriving in Seattle Grohl auditioned with Novoselic later saying, "We knew in two minutes that he was the right drummer". Unsatisfied with sub pop Nirvana started looking for a deal with a major record label. Following recommendations Nirvana signed to DGC Records in 1990. The band then started recording Nevermind. Nevermind was soon incredibly popular and was selling millions of copies. Early 1993 the group chose Steve Albini to record its third album In Utero debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 album chart in September 1993, Christopher Farley writing, "Despite the fears of some alternative-music fans, Nirvana hasn't gone mainstream, though this potent new album may once again force the mainstream to go Nirvana." That October, Nirvana started on its first tour of the US in two years. In early 1994, the band started on a European tour. In Rome, on the morning of March 4, Courtney Love, found Cobain unconscious in their hotel room and he was taken to the hospital. A doctor from the hospital told a press conference that Cobain had reacted to a combination of prescription Rohypnol and alcohol. The rest of the tour was canceled. In the following weeks, Cobain's heroin addiction resurfaced, and Cobain was convinced to admit himself into drug rehabilitation. After less than a week, Cobain climbed over the wall of the facility and took a plane back to Seattle. A week later, on Friday, April 8, 1994, Cobain was found dead of a self-inflicted shotgun wound to the head at his Seattle home. In a late 1989 interview, Cobain recognized that the band's music was changing. He said, "The early songs were really angry ... But as time goes on the songs are getting poppier and poppier as I get happier and happier. The songs are now about conflicts in relationships, emotional things with other human beings". Nirvana used dynamic shifts that went from quiet to loud. Cobain had wanted to mix heavy and pop sounds; he commented, "I wanted to be totally Led Zeppelin in a way and then be totally extreme punk rock and then do real wimpy pop songs". Nirvana moved between "spare bass-and-drum grooves and shrill bursts of screaming guitar and vocals”. Near the end of his life, Cobain said the band had become bored by the style, but he did't think that the band was skilled enough to try other dynamics. Grohl's drumming "took Nirvana's sound to a new level of intensity" Azerrad commented that Grohl's "powerful drumming propelled the band to a whole new plane, visually as well as musically". During live performances, Cobain and Novoselic would always tune their guitars to E flat. Cobain said, "We play so hard we can't tune our guitars fast enough." The band made a habit of destroying its equipment after shows. Novoselic said he and Cobain created this in order to get off of the stage sooner. Cobain stated it began as an expression of his frustration with Chad Channing making mistakes and dropping out during performances. Cobain came up with the basic components of each song (usually writing them on an acoustic guitar), as well as the singing style and the lyrics. He emphasized that Novoselic and Grohl "have big parts in deciding on how long a song should be and how many parts it should have. So I don't like to be considered the sole songwriter." When asked which part of the songs he would write first, Cobain said, "I don’t know. I really don’t know. I guess I start with the verse and then go into the chorus." Cobain usually wrote lyrics for songs minutes before recording them. He said, "When I write a song the lyrics are the least important subject. I can go through two or three different subjects in a song and the title can mean absolutely nothing at all." For their album Bleach Cobain stated "Let's just scream some negative lyrics and as long as they're not sexist and don't get too embarrassing it'll be okay", while the lyrics to Nevermind were taken from two years of poetry he had collected, which he cut up and chose lines he preferred from. While the lyrics to In Utero were "more focused, they're almost built on themes" alot of the time his lyrics, Cobain would state an idea then reject it; Cobain said, "I'm such a nihilistic jerk half the time and other times I'm so vulnerable and sincere [. . . The songs are] like a mixture of both of them. That's how most people my age are." Kurt Cobain- lead vocalist/ guitarist Full transcript
• Kurt Cobain had his 14th birthday on February 20, 1981. His uncle offered him either a bike or a used guitar. He chose the guitar. Soon, he was mastering Stairway to Heaven.
• 1993, (after in Utero) Cobain himself predicted that the next Nirvana album would be "pretty ethereal, acoustic, like R.E.M.'s last album."
• While Cobain would insist on the unimportance of his lyrics, he was known to labor and procrastinate in writing them, often changing the content and order of lyrics during performances. Cobain would describe his lyrics himself as "a big pile of contradictions. They're split down the middle between very sincere opinions that I have and sarcastic opinions and feelings that I have and sarcastic and hopeful, humorous rebuttals toward cliché bohemian ideals that have been exhausted for years”
• Cobain immersed himself in artistic projects throughout his life, as much so as he did in songwriting and fascination with physiology, his own rare medical conditions, and the human anatomy. Often unable to afford artistic resources, Cobain would improvise with materials, painting on board games and album sleeves
• Cobain suffered from chronic bronchitis and intense physical pain due to an undiagnosed chronic stomach condition (which was thought to be a rare form of cancer)
• Cobain was diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder as a child, and bipolar disorder as an adult
• Cobain died April 5th 1994, he was found with high concentration of heroin and traces of diazepam and a self-inflicted shotgun wound to the head
Dave grohl- drummer
• Drummer for Scream (1986-1990)
• Drummer for Nirvana (1990-1994)
• Lead vocalist/ guitarist for the Foo Fighters (1994-present)
• Joined nirvana just after their album bleach
• Grohl saw himself as just another in a long line of drummers
• In 1993, Grohl was recruited to help recreate the music of The Beatles' early years for the movie Backbeat
Krist Novoselic- bassist
• Met Kurt Cobain through his younger brother
• Formed the band Sweet 75 after Kurt Cobain died
• Played bass, guitar accordion, farfisa organ, and sang
• Performed with the Foo fighters
• He attends Lower Columbia College and is studying for a pre-law degree The success of nirvana popularized grunge and broke down the barriers between popular music and alternative rock Stephen Thomas Erlewine wrote that prior to Nirvana, "alternative music was consigned to specialty sections of record stores, and major labels considered it to be, at the very most, a tax write-off". Following the release of Nevermind, "nothing was ever quite the same, for better and for worse". After Nirvana alt/grunge bands had a chance at making a big break instead of just having one popular song. Kurt Cobain is remembered as one of the most iconic rock musicians in the history of alternative music, he was ranked 7th in the "22 Greatest Voices in Music" by MTV, 73rd greatest guitarist and 45th greatest singer of all time by rolling Stone.