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Transcript of Anthem/Ayn Rand
Born February 2, 1905
in St. Petersburg, Russia
1911: taught herself to read at age 6
Witnessed the Kerensky and Bolshevik Revolutions during high school
Moved to Crimea to escape violence
Took an American History course her last year of high school from which she determined America to be her model of an ideal, free nation
Graduated in 1924 from the University of Petrograd where she studied philosophy and history.
Wrote "Hollywood: American Movie City" in 1924 at the State Institute for Cinema Arts where she studied screenplay.
1925: obtained permission to leave Soviet Union for a short trip to visit relatives in United States, but never returned.
Arrived in New York City, February 1926.
After staying six months with relatives in Chicago, she got an extension of her visa and moved to Hollywood to pursue a career writing screenplays.
Got a job offer within two days.
Married actor Frank O'Connor in 1929
Finished first novel, We The Living, in 1934, but was rejected by many publishers until two separate companies in England and the United States finally published it in 1936.
Wrote Anthem in 1937 as a "break" from novel The Fountainhead.
Published The Fountainhead in 1943, and followed by writing the screenplay, which was produced in 1948.
Wrote her last work, Atlas Shrugged; published in 1957
For the rest of her life, she lectured on Objectivism, her "philosophy for people living on Earth"
Died March 2, 1982 in her New York City apartment
Influences: Historical Events
The Great Depression
1930s - early '40s
Cyclical lack of "demand" prevents job growth (no jobs means no one's buying anything, which means nothing needs to be made, which means there's no need to create jobs)
Government intervention was a popular solution
Average American incomes reduced by 40%
The Dust Bowl
Caused by poor agricultural techniques and prolonged drought
Children wore masks to school
Crops blown away
Houses always dirty
There was so much wind and dust...
Chickens roosted during the day because they thought it was night
Trucks were blown 30-40 feet
Houses were buried
People lost faith in Tsar Nicholas
January 2, 1905, hundreds of un-armed demonstrators in St. Petersburg were massacred
became known as Bloody Sunday
Resulted in protests throughout empire
People slaughtered or put in "camps"
People allowed some say in government (Imperial Duma), but same problems still present
Businesses failed as prices inflated
People revolted and demanded that land be redistributed
Tsar surrendered and arrested
Provisional Government put into place
PG and soviet workers shared power
PG soon claimed total power
Radical socialists invited back to Russia
Struggle of power between Lenin and Bolsheviks
Overall, a violent revolution
Power of the individual
American Dream going downhill
Having survived complete government intervention (i.e. communism), Rand knew first hand the dangers of a government takeover
Unsuccessful farmers migrated to California as a last hope for jobs
"Many words have been granted me, and some are wise, and some are false, but only three are holy: 'I will it!'"
"We" cannot accomplish anything if "I" cannot think for himself
"We are all in one and one in all/
There are no men but only the great WE/
One, indivisible and forever"
"About The Dust Bowl." Welcome to English « Department of English, College of LAS, University of Illinois. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2011. <http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/depression/dustbowl.htm>.
Greenlee. American Literature- The Moderns. Michigan: Michigan Merit Curriculum, 2011. Print.
Issue. "The Ayn Rand Institute: A Brief Biography of Ayn Rand." The Ayn Rand Institute: News and Highlights. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2011. .
"LITERARY PERIODS AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS." Untitled Document. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2011. <http://staff.edmonds.wednet.edu/users/hansonk/LITERARY%20PERIODS%20AND%20THEIR%20CHARACTERISTICS.htm>.
Litwin, Peter. "The Russian Revolution." UW Departments Web Server. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2011. <http://depts.washington.edu/baltic/papers/russianrevolution.htm>.
"Lonestar College- Kingwood." American Cultural History. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 1928. <kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade30.html >.
"The Dust Bowl of the 1930s." The Wessels Living History Farm, the Story of Agricultural Innovation. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2011. <http://www.livinghistoryfarm.org/farminginthe30s/water_02.html>.
Title. "Great Depression: The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics | Library of Economics and Liberty." Library of Economics and Liberty. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2011. .
An Anthem is a song of praise, devotion,
It establishes and celebrates your values.
The Star-Spangled Banner
Oh, say can you see by the dawn's early light
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming?
Whose broad stripes and bright stars thru the perilous fight,
O'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming?
And the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there.
Oh, say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
[verse four — yes, there are four verses]
Oh! thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand
Between their loved home and the war's desolation!
Blest with victory and peace, may the heav'n rescued land
Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation.
Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,
And this be our motto: "In God is our trust."
And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave!
God Save the Queen
(national anthem of Great Britain)
God save our gracious Queen
Long live our noble Queen
God save the Queen
Send her victorious
Happy and glorious
Long to reign over us
God save the Queen
Big ideas of Objectivism (as relate to Anthem)
Individual is most important
The proper moral purpose of one's life is the pursuit of one's own happiness
No obligation to help others
Government should display full respect of individual rights (opposed to civil rights)
Economy: laissez-faire capitalism
Downside(s) of Communism
Government still corrupt, just different politicians
Everyone gets something, no one gets enough
Centralized decision making = limited choices
No incentive to work harder/smarter/better
Isolation = Stagnation (no new/competitive ideas)
Ultra-restrictive government combats dissent
No free speech/press (different thinking = dangerous thinking)