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Lost and Found with GIS

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by

Sarah Digan

on 1 June 2017

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Transcript of Lost and Found with GIS

Lost and Found with GIS
an introduction
Creating critical spatial thinkers
Problem-based learning
Visualise spatial data
Inquiry-based Geography education/
field work with GIS
Increased efforts in education
to improve spatial reasoning skills (across all Year levels in the Australian Curriculum for Geography)
GIS: a great tool to teach
with
display (maps)
search, select, identify
analyse
model
problem-solve
Using GIS in order to....
Year 8 task: Mountains
Model and problem-solve
Year 11/12 task: Ecosystem Management
flatworldknowledge.com, 2015
GIS in decision-making
Geoscience Australia, 2015
World Health Organization, 2014
Optimising learning
Acknowledge that students'
ICT levels of competency will vary
; be prepared and have a (written or video) extension task ready and/or let students work in group to share their understanding

GIS may quickly lead to
frustration
if 'something does not work' immediately (technical issues); discuss this with students
before
they start their work to level their expectations

Students may become quickly competent in using GIS; however, the
teacher's role in leading the discussion
, particularly in problem-solving, is vitally important. Ensure that students do not focus too much on changing the symbology/colour of data points (map formatting) but focus on the
geographic inquiry question
and how the visualisation and analysis of the data can assist them in finding an answer.
Spatial thinking
: we can picture the locations of objects, their shapes, their relations to each other and the paths they take as they move

Spatial reasoning
: the capacity to think about objects in three dimensions and to draw conclusions about those objects from limited information
Challenges for teachers
Limited class time
Limited time to acquire additional skills and/or lack of skills in GIS
Lack of resources (hardware, software, training sites, ideas for lesson plans)
Where should I start (Lesson Plans)
Which software should I use?
Resistance
Costs
Access to computer labs
Some Solutions
ESRI
is an American GIS company (ArcGIS online and ArcGIS 10.4 desktop) that has worked with schools over many years, mainly in the USA
Ready-to-use lesson plans
are available online
ESRI offers
free online training courses
(3-4 hour online modules)
ArcGIS online
= ~ 140 AUD (500 campus licenses); fairly simple to use
ArcGIS desktop
= ~ 600 AUD (500 campus licenses); more complex to use
Spatial data is freely available (for example through Geoscience Australia, ArcGIS online, etc.)
Free apps
Year 10 task: New Urbanism
ArcGIS Collector app for field data collection
Collaborative fieldwork within an organisation
A map needs to be created in ArcGIS (desktop) to be published and shared in ArcGIS online
Retrieves data offline (data can be synchronised later in the classroom)
Mountain Pygmy Possum GIS activity
http://webmap.environment.nsw.gov.au/PlanningHtml5Viewer/?viewer=MPP
Collected data:
ratings
of five 'New Urbanism' criteria (buildings, transport, quality of life, green space, pedestrian activity)
Full transcript