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PREHISTORIC ART (c. 30,000 - 2000 BC)

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Kimi Cikgu

on 4 October 2013

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Transcript of PREHISTORIC ART (c. 30,000 - 2000 BC)

PREHISTORIC ART (c. 30,000 - 2000 BC)
Stone Age
Stone age is usually divided into four main periods :

c 750 000 - 40000 BC - Lower and Middle Paleolithic
40,000 - 10,000 BC - Upper Paleolithic
10,000 - 8,000 BC - Mesolithic
8,000 - 1,500 BC - Neolithic
Caves Paintings
Cave painting created about 10,000 to 30,000 years ago in France, Spain, Italy, Portugal, Russia and Mongolia are some of the well - known form of art.

The most astonishing are in Lascaux in South West France
About 300 paintings and 1,500 engravings decorate two large cave
Although the artist worked in the shadowy depth, it show accomplished skills in term of :
Power, Superstition and Religion
Interpretation towards prehistoric art still vary but most scholars and researchers discussed that it was produced for spiritual elements and view as powerful protections against forces of nature or evil spirits
Multiple footprints in front of many caves indicating spiritual gathering or worshiping ceremony among prehistoric society.
Mesolithic Period
In this stage, artist began painting on open rock surfaces than in the dark caves.
Painting was more stylized and people featured more frequently.
The Mesolithic Humans innovated and developed various painting styles. Representations human figure were abstracted and Man figure shown as a warrior.
People are hunter- gatherer
Mesolithic and Neolithic

People - farmers, get control
of their destinies
The style and subjects of art changed across these periods
The Skills
Rendering perspectives

2 Dimensional Form

Motion and Movement
Fertility Icon and Food

Supernatural power were also believe to be imbued into sculpture. The early carvings were made of ivory, stone and clay.
Cattle, Horses, Bison and Deer, Lascaux cave,
Dordogne, France. Paleolithic in Europe,
15,000-13,000 B.C.
Cave painting, animals life size

Bulls, rotunda, Lascaux cave

Horse, Lascaux cave
Dordogne, France. Paleolithic in Europe,
15,000-13,000 B.C.
Cave painting, animals life size
Small Rounded limestone female figures, about 11 cm high dating from around 25,000 BC were found in Austria and are known as Venus Figurines
Statuette of a Woman, Willendorf, Austria.
Paleolithic in Europe, 25,000-20,000.
Venus of Willendorf was discovered in 1908
by archaeologist Josef Szombathy at a paleolithic site near Willendorf, a village in Lower Austria near the city of Krems. It is carved from an oolitic limestone that is not local to the area, and tinted with red ochre. The "Venus of Willendorf" is now in the Naturhistorisches Museum in Vienna, Austria.

Function and Form in Neolithic Period
During this period, life become more stable, human began to learned and embedded arts for life purposes.
Social Activities
Cultivated Plants
and Animals, Replacing
Hunting With Ploughing
It is not understood how the massive
stones were manoeuvred and the ideas
behind the megaliths are still unclear,especially
as they were reused by subsequent generations for different purposes but theories include healing centres, burial sites, temples for solar and lunar worship, ancestors worship or even vast calendars.
Archeological evidence indicates that Stonehenge for instance, served as a burial ground for the first 500 years of its existence

Stonehenge, Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, England. Neolithic in Britain. 2750-1300 B.C

Woman gathering honey, watercolour copy by F. Benitez Mellado of a Mesolithic (c. 10,000/8000–c. 3000 BCE) painting in the Cueva de la Arana, near Bicorp, Spain; in the Museum of Prehistory, Valencia, Spain.

Ancient cultural stage that existed between the Paleolithic Period, with its chipped stone tools, and the Neolithic Period, with its polished stone tools. Mesolithic material culture is characterized by greater innovation and diversity than is found in the Paleolithic

Trigger of
The Day
From this presentation your group have to :
Form a group discussion according to this topic

Develop the new idea of presentation base on the issues of Pre Historic Art

The particular group can choose any one topic from Pre Historic Period either :

1. Paleolithic
2. Mesolithic
3. Neolithic

The creativity of presentation is up to you guys. Duration of preparation and discussion is one hour from now.

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