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Transcript of British History
Pre- Norman Britain
The various kingdoms created by the Nordic invaders to be united.
9th century "Egbert"
They began to win wide lands to plough and to rule.
10th century "Alfred of wessex"
England fell under
11th century "King Canute"
Introduced the Norman feudal system
14th centuy "William of Normandy"
The battle of Hastings
1066 "King Harold"
It was a meeting of the King and his Barrons and servants at which various administrative and financial problems were discussed.
"Henry lll" ( Johns successor)
Called parliament that became known as the Model parliament.
1295 "Edward I"
A plague that killed a third of the population of England.
1348 "Black Death"
United the two rival houses, giving origin to the Tudor Dynasty. During Henry’s reign the medieval period came to a close.
1455-85 "Henry VII" (Henry of Tudor )
It was his creation of the Royal Navy that enabled England to realize her imperialistic ambitions.
1509-1547 "Henry VIII"
She restored national unity, opposing extremist doctrines and supporting a moderate form of Protestantism similar to that of her fathers.
William IV died and his niece Victoria became Queen at the age of 18
Queen Victoria married Prince Albert
Assassination attempt on Queen Victoria by John Francis
The Rise of the working class
First to town labourers
Schools provided for
5 - 10 year olds
first to agricultural labourers
-coincided with the beginning og dedice in the power of the empire.
"Bitain’s decline as a world power" (1901)
World War I
The rivaly between the great European powers led almost inevitably to the outbreak.
1914 "World War I"
The world war I ended in victory for the allied powers of Britain, France , America and Italy.
Began with the collapse of the American financial markets (Wall Street crash )
1929 "The Wall Street Crash "
The war was followed by a period of severe hardship throughout in Europe as the depressed economies struggled to recover from the war effort in the face of the expending American and Asian economies
1930 "The years of Depression"
Britain and France were still not ready when they declared the world war ii on Germany on 3 September after Hitler’s invasion of Poland.
1939 "Worl War II"
The conflict between king and parliament
Convinced of the divine right of the kings ,the Stuart kings James I and Charles I followed the medieval notion of monarchy ignoring Parliament ,Charles I raised taxes without its permission.
1642 "The Civil War"
An important group on Parliament´s side were the Levellers , who presented a radical constitutional document which included strict separation between the different branches of government – the executive , the legislature and the judiciary
1648 "The Levellers"
The monarchy was restores in 1660 two years after Cromwell´s death , when Charles II was invited to sit on the throne of a country tired of harsh morality of Puritan rule.The plague which killed almost 70 000 of London’s inhabitants and the Great Fire which destroyed most of the city during his reign.
Charles had restored some power to the monarchy by the time James II came the throne.
1660 "The Restoration of the Monarchy"
"The 18TH Century "
Under Queen Anne Scotland was united with England in 1707 and by the Act of Union their Parliaments became one.
They included the traumatic loss colonies in 1776 after a seven years war and the revolutions in agricultural and industrial methods at home
tha war a great class leveller, but it was Labour´s offering of a concrete programme as opposed to the ideological worries of churchill that enabled the party to obtain majority in 1945 elections
1945 "Labour´s Triumph"
During the 1950´s, there was a period of massive growth in the private sector, above all in the newer industries. particularly car and aircraft production, and wages and prices by 40 % in real terms
1950 "The affluent society"
The 60´s and 70´s
The early 1960´s were, for the young people of Britain, a time of great excitement and liberation
The "Swinging Sixties" saw an explosion in the world pop music and pop groups of those years : The Beatles , the Rolling Stones
1960 "The Swinging Sixties"
The Tory Government of 1970-74, faced by same problems of a low growth rate, high trade deficits, spiralling inflation and high wage claims backed by numerous strikes, attempted the same cure of a prices and incomes policy
the only high point in this period of gloom was Britain's entry into the EEC on January 1
Britain and Ireland
Most people in Britain favored Home Rule for Ireland, but the protestant Unionists in the north were sufficiently strong to prevent it
19 th Century
The Independence being conceded to the 26 countries of southern Ireland
The Thatcher Revolution
Was elected Prime Minister
1979 "The Iron Lady"
She faced an invasion of the Falkland Islands