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Transcript of ISHTAR GATE
There are 575 animals in total that are engraved on the outter blue layer of the gate.
As seen in the following images different animals can be depicted from the walls of the Ishtar Gate.
These animals include dragons and bulls one after the other.
Where and Why
Therefore, I pulled down these gates and laid their foundations at the water table with asphalt and bricks and had them made of bricks with blue stone on which wonderful bulls and dragons were depicted. I covered their roofs by laying majestic cedars length-wise over them. I hung doors of cedar adorned with bronze at all the gate openings."
C. Art Elements
B. SUBJECT MATTER
II. ANALYSIS: How is it arranged?
Assyrian and Babylonian Art
The Ishtar Gate was created in circa 575 BCE by the command of Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar.
The Ishtar Gate was located in the city of Babylon which is now present day Iraq. The Ishtar Gate was created as a dedication to the goddess Ishtar. Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar wanted to beautify his empire by building the Ishtar Gate.
"The Dedicatory Inscription on the Ishtar Gate Reads:
Colors and Lines In the Ishtar Gate
Shapes and Textures Within the Ishtar Gate
Space and Value Present in the Ishtar Gate
The most striking color that shows in the Ishtar Gate is the majestic blue. It is a earthy color but it is still striking to the eyes. The blue is obviously used to capture people's attention. Another color, gold, is used to outline and show off the shape of the gate. Other colors such as white and gold as well are used to show the shapes of the animals placed on the gate.
The lines that are present in this piece of art include the out lining of the gate and little square boxes and flowers along with other elaborate shapes that are within that outline. This outline helps to show the shape of the gate even more and brings out the images of the animals better as well.
The shapes shown in the Ishtar gate include shapes of flower and shapes of boxes. If you look closer you will notice other more elaborate shapes. The flowers in the Ishtar Gate give the gate a soft feel which balances out the roughness that the fierce animals portray.
The Ishtar Gate from a distance appears soft and smooth and texture, however because of how old it is and possible due to the elements, the Ishtar gate has developed a texture of roughness. It actually does well for it rather than harm. It shows how much work was really put into the gate seeing as though it is still standing today.
The Ishtar Gate is covered everywhere in color. However, there are open areas that the blue in the gate takes up. The spaces that are prevalent, there are many animals that take up that space. The 575 animals are what take up most of the space on the Ishtar Gate.
There are very little changes in value in the Ishtar Gate. The only obvious change in value is the change from dark earthy blue, to a teal green and earthy brown within some of the frames that contain some of the animals on the gate.
A. Emphasis and Variety
The emphasis of the Ishtar gate is clearly placed upon the whole structure as a whole. The dark strong striking blue helps to bring this out. The shape of the gate also allows this to stand out The gate is in a shape of a tower or a castle and stands very tall to attract attention. There is little variety but the shapes of the animals and the shape of the gate on its own, as well as the colors in the outline help to bring the gate to life.
B. Rhythm and Movement
There is a repetition of the alternating animals on the Ishtar Gate. The repetition includes the alternating of the bulls, dragons and lions around and within the gate. This makes you eyes roam around the whole gate.
There is significant balance seen in the Ishtar Gate. The balance comes into play because of the constant motion of animals and color around the whole gate. Everything is in place and in a certain order.
All of the pieces to the whole of the Ishtar Gate are in a moderate proportion. They are not distorted and does not make the Ishtar Gate as a whole look awkward.
The Ishtar Gate was created unified by the continuity of the animals alternating throughout the whole masterpiece and because of the whole gate's whole color.
III. INTERPRETATION: What does it mean?
A. Emotional Response
The feelings expressed in this piece of art is very powerful and show that the one who was behind its creation wanted to invoke feelings of awe and power. The bold colors and the large scale of the gate creates this message. This doesn't remind me of any personal experiences however.
B. Purpose and Meaning
This piece of art was created for the purpose of embellishing and beautifying the city of Babylon. It was also created as a way to honor and respect the goddess Ishtar. The fact that it is called the Ishtar Gate and is memorialized for the goddess Ishtar implies that it presents the concept of war. Ishtar is the goddess of fertility and war. The Assyrians and Babylonians were infamous for being ruthless and overpowering. They were always winning wars. This piece of work reflects the time period in which it was made accurately.
C. Artists' or Artisans' Intentions
The artisans' was influenced by the ruthless powerful empire in which they lived and this influenced this work of art. The artisan expected us to be in amazement from the beauty and grandness of the creation.
IV: JUDGEMENT: Is it significant?
A. The work's creativity and uniqueness from all other works of art helps to decide wether or not it is a good work of art or not. The color and the patterns it has helps to make this decision as well.
B: The art work is important because it represents a people and a time period that was extremely relevant to history. It helps us learn more about their culture and thinking.
C. The Ishtar Gate represents self glorification and protection. It also represents unparalleled power and beauty.